ABSTRACT: We present 4-year results from a Phase I/II trial using balloon-based brachytherapy to deliver accelerated partial breast irradiation in 2 days.
Forty-five patients received breast-conserving surgery followed by adjuvant radiation therapy using a balloon-based brachytherapy applicator delivering 2800 cGy in four fractions over 2 days. Outcomes analyzed include toxicities scored using the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria v3.0 scale, ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence, regional nodal failure, distant metastasis, disease-free survival, cause-specific survival, and overall survival.
Median age was 66 years (range, 48-83 years) and median tumor size was 0.6 cm (range, 0.2-2.3 cm). Five percent of patients were node positive (n=2), whereas 73% was estrogen receptor positive (n=33). Median followup was 3.7 years (2.4-7.0 years) with greater than 2 years of followup for all patients. Only Grades 1 and 2 chronic toxicities were noted with fat necrosis (18%) and asymptomatic seromas (42%) being the most common toxicities. Seven percent of patients developed ipsilateral rib fractures (n=3), although this was not statistically associated with maximum rib dose (p=0.31). Ninety-eight percent of patients had a good or excellent radiation-related cosmetic outcome at the time of last followup. There were no ipsilateral breast tumor recurrences or regional nodal failures; however, 2 patients developed distant metastases. Four-year actuarial disease-free survival, cause-specific survival, and overall survival were 96%, 100%, and 93%, respectively.
Treatment of early-stage breast cancer patients with breast-conserving therapy using a 2-day radiation dose schedule resulted in acceptable chronic toxicity and similar clinical outcomes as standard 5-day fractionation.
Brachytherapy 07/2011; 11(2):97-104. · 1.47 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Triple negative receptor status (TNRS) of patients undergoing breast-conserving therapy treated with whole-breast irradiation has been associated with increased distant metastasis and decreased disease-free and overall survival. This paper reports the outcomes of TNRS patients treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI).
We studied 455 patients who received APBI at our institution, using interstitial, intracavitary, and three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy. TNRS was assigned if a patient tested negative for all three (ER [estrogen receptor], PR [progesterone receptor], and HER2/neu) receptors. Of 202 patients with all receptor results available, 20 patients were designated TNRS, and 182 patients had at least one receptor positive (RP). We analyzed ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), regional nodal failure (RNF), distant metastasis (DM), and overall survival (OS).
Mean follow-up was 4.1 years for the TNRS group and 5.1 years for the RP cohort (p = 0.11). TNRS patients had a higher histologic grade (59% TNRS vs. 13% RP; p < 0.001). Mean tumor size, stage N1 disease, and margin status were similar. Based on a 5-year actuarial analysis, the TNRS cohort experienced no IBTR, RNF, or DM, with an OS of 100% versus rates of 1.4% IBTR, 1.5% RNF, and 2.8% DM in the RP cohort (p > 0.52). OS for the RP cohort was 93% at 5 years (p > 0.28).
In our patient population, TNRS conferred a clinical outcome similar to that of patients with RP disease treated with APBI. Further investigation with larger patient populations and longer follow-up periods is warranted to confirm that APBI is a safe and effective treatment for patients with localized TNRS breast cancer.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 02/2011; 81(3):e159-64. · 4.59 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To present our clinical experience using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to improve dose uniformity and treatment efficacy in patients with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast-conserving therapy.
A total of 281 patients with Stage 0, I, and II breast cancer treated with breast-conserving therapy received whole breast RT after lumpectomy using our static, multileaf collimator (sMLC) IMRT technique. The technical and practical aspects of implementing this technique on a large scale in the clinic were analyzed. The clinical outcome of patients treated with this technique was also reviewed.
The median time required for three-dimensional alignment of the tangential fields and dosimetric IMRT planning was 40 and 45 min, respectively. The median number of sMLC segments required per patient to meet the predefined dose-volume constraints was 6 (range 3-12). The median percentage of the treatment given with open fields (no sMLC segments) was 83% (range 38-96%), and the median treatment time was <10 min. The median volume of breast receiving 105% of the prescribed dose was 11% (range 0-67.6%). The median breast volume receiving 110% of the prescribed dose was 0% (range 0-39%), and the median breast volume receiving 115% of the prescribed dose was also 0%. A total of 157 patients (56%) experienced Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Grade 0 or I acute skin toxicity; 102 patients (43%) developed Grade II acute skin toxicity and only 3 (1%) experienced Grade III toxicity. The cosmetic results at 12 months (95 patients analyzable) were rated as excellent/good in 94 patients (99%). No skin telengiectasias, significant fibrosis, or persistent breast pain was noted.
The use of intensity modulation with our sMLC technique for tangential whole breast RT is an efficient method for achieving a uniform and standardized dose throughout the whole breast. Strict dose-volume constraints can be readily achieved resulting in both uniform coverage of breast tissue and a potential reduction in acute and chronic toxicities. Because the median number of sMLC segments required per patient is only 6, the treatment time is equivalent to conventional wedged-tangent treatment techniques. As a result, widespread implementation of this technology can be achieved with minimal imposition on clinic resources and time constraints.
International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 01/2003; 54(5):1336-44. · 4.11 Impact Factor