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Publications (3)6.21 Total impact

  • Journal of Biophotonics 07/2014; 9999. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Provide preclinical data on the feasibility of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) -based photodetection (PD) and Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) of early childhood tumors. Methods: Hepatoblastoma (HuH6), neuroblastoma (MHH-NB11) and N1-fibroblast cell lines were tested for their relative capacities to synthesize Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) from 5-ALA and for their susceptibility to PDT in vitro. HuH6-cells were also inoculated in the peritoneum of rats. The pharmacokinetics of porphyrin accumulation was measured in 9 rats by laparoscopic spectroscopy. 5-ALA was applied by i.p. injection of 500 mg/kg bw. In another 21 animals, tumors (n=20), liver (n=5) and peritoneum (n=4) were treated by PDT laparoscopically. 48 h after irradiation, animals were again incubated with 5-ALA and then sacrificed and tissues were removed for further investigation. Results: Both tumor cell lines showed higher levels of porphyrin fluorescence than the fibroblasts. Cell viability testing proved the HuH6 cells to be most susceptible to PDT. Pharmacokinetic measurements of PpIX in xenografted tumors showed a peak at 80-200 min after i.p. injection of 5-ALA. Irradiation resulted in pronounced photobleaching at all irradiated sites and necrosis of tumor and liver tissue, whereas peritoneum appeared to remain unaffected. Necrosis induced by PDT could be seen in fluorescence microscopy due to the lack of porphyrin synthesis in necrotic tissue after the re-incubation with 5-ALA.
    Proc SPIE 05/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: Aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) may represent a treatment option for malignant brain tumors. We used a three-dimensional cell culture system, the C6 glioma spheroid model, to study acute effects of PDT and how they might be influenced by treatment conditions. Spheroids were incubated for 4 h in 100 microg/ml ALA in 5% CO(2) in room air or 95% O(2) with subsequent irradiation using a diode laser (lambda = 635 nm, 40 mW/cm(2), total fluence 25 J/cm(2)). Control groups were "laser only", "ALA only", and "no drug no light". Annexin V-FITC, a marker used for detection of apoptosis, propidium iodide (PI), a marker for necrotic cells and H 33342, a chromatin stain, were used for morphological characterization of PDT effects by confocal laser scanning and fluorescence microscopy. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and TdT-FragEL (TUNEL) assay were used on cryosections. Growth kinetics were followed for 8 days after PDT. PDT after incubation in 5% CO(2) provided incomplete cell death and growth delay in spheroids of >350 microm diameter. However, complete cell death and growth arrest occurred in smaller spheroids (<350 microm). Incubation in 95% O(2) with subsequent PDT resulted in complete cell death and growth arrest regardless of spheroid size. In incompletely damaged spheroids viable cells were restricted to spheroid centers. The rate of cell death in all control groups was negligible. Cell death was accompanied by annexin/PI costaining, but there was also evidence for annexin V-FITC staining without PI uptake. PDT of experimental glioma results in rapid and significant cell death that could be verified as acute necrosis immediately after irradiation. This effect depended on O(2) concentration and spheroid size.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 03/2007; 82(1):49-60. · 3.12 Impact Factor