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Publications (3)8.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: As long as the value of screening for cancers related to asbestos is not proven in the population at risk, the medical benefits of follow-up post-professional exposure remain uncertain and the only justification is to answer the questions of anxious retired workers concerning the consequences of their past-exposure and to provide compensation for any abnormalities that are demonstrated. In this country, to answer the questions posed in the title of this contribution in the case of pathologies related to asbestos, it is necessary, after verifying the fact and the level of exposure, to identify the pleural or pulmonary fibrosis and, above all, the pleural plaques, which constitute the essential lesions currently screened for. Thoracic CT scanning without contrast is the examination of choice to achieve this objective. There are, however, two significant problems. On one hand there is a high incidence of pulmonary micronodules, the necessary surveillance of which requires subsequent scans, leading to increased irradiation and anxiety. On the other hand the diagnostic uncertainty concerning discrete lesions is a source of confusion for the persons followed-up. There are, at present, neither scientific criteria to determine the optimum frequency of examination nor any arguments for replacing the pragmatic proposals of the consensus conference of 1999. It is important, therefore, to provide a medical assessment appropriate to the symptoms and anxiety expressed by a person previously exposed to asbestos. Overall it is necessary to question the benefit to the exposed person, in terms of quality of life, of a regular search for lesions that would usually be asymptomatic if not identified. Would it not be more judicious and more equitable to compensate persons whose past-exposure is sufficient to increase significantly their risk of cancer independently of the presence of benign abnormalities.
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 02/2012; 29(2):205-12. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the role of asbestos in the genesis of mesothelioma and primary bronchopulmonary cancers has been established, results from studies focusing on the relationship between occupational exposure to asbestos and digestive cancer remain contradictory. To determine whether occupational asbestos exposure increases the incidence of digestive cancers. Our study was a retrospective morbidity study based on 2024 subjects occupationally exposed to asbestos. The incidence of digestive cancer was calculated from 1st January 1978 to 31st December 2004 and compared with levels among the local general population using Standardized Incidence Ratios. Asbestos exposure was assessed using the company's job exposure matrix. Eighty-five cases of digestive cancer were observed within our cohort, for an expected number of 66.90 (SIR = 1.27 [1.01; 1.57]). A significantly elevated incidence, particularly notable among women, was observed for peritoneal mesothelioma, independently of exposure levels. A significantly elevated incidence was also noted among men for cancer of small intestine and oesophagus, for cumulative exposure indexes for asbestos above 80 fibres/mL x years. A significantly elevated incidence of cancer of the small intestine was also observed among men having been exposed to asbestos for periods in excess of 25 years and for mean exposure levels in excess of 4 fibres/mL. This study suggests the existence of a relationship between exposure to asbestos and cancer of the small intestine and of the oesophagus in men.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 06/2009; 30(4):364-74. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim was to compare, in a cohort of asbestos-exposed workers, the sensitivity and the specificity of low-radiation helical chest CT scan with chest radiograph for the biennial screening of bronchopulmonary cancer, according to the size of detected nodules. Material and The screening procedure consisted of biennial chest radiograph and monodetector chest CT scan, given to 972 individuals who had been highly exposed to asbestos. A total of 2555 screening procedures were performed. The study focuses on the 1230 screening procedures for which a 2-year follow-up period was available. Twenty-four cases of bronchopulmonary cancer were diagnosed. CT scan detected 20 cancers, 12 of which had not been detected by chest radiograph. Sensitivity of chest radiograph and CT scan were, respectively, 33% and 83%, lesions measuring over 2 mm in diameter being considered as suspect. The specificity of chest radiograph and CT scan were, respectively, 95% and 78%. Calculation of the differential false positive/true positive (FP/TP) ratio and the receiver operating characteristic curve, performed for both chest radiograph and CT scan, facilitated the determination of the best possible compromise between specificity and sensitivity, according to the diameter threshold applied for considering a nodule as suspect. Although this study confirms the superior sensitivity of chest CT scan compared with conventional chest radiograph, the associated loss in specificity leads to a recommended diameter of 5 mm as the threshold for considering non-calcified lesions as "suspect", for the surveillance of asbestos-exposed individuals.
    Occupational and environmental medicine 05/2009; 66(8):529-34. · 3.64 Impact Factor