[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The perioperative aortic dissection (AD) rupture is a severe event after endovascular stent graft placement for treatment of type B AD. However, this life-threatening complication has not undergone systematic investigation. The aim of the study is to discuss the reasons of AD rupture after the procedure.
The medical record data of 563 Stanford type B AD patients who received thoracic endovascular repair from 2004 to December 2011 at our institution were collected and analyzed. Double entry and consistency checking were performed with Epidata software.
Twelve patients died during the perioperation after thoracic endovascular repair, with an incidence of 2.1%, 66.6% were caused by aortic rupture and half of the aortic rupture deaths were caused by retrograde type A AD. In our study, 74% of the non-rupture surviving patients had the free-flow bare spring proximal stent implanted, compared with 100% of the aortic rupture patients (74% vs. 100%, P = 0.213). The aortic rupture patients are more likely to have ascending aortic diameters = 4 cm (62.5% vs. 9.0%, P = 0.032), involvement the aortic arch concavity (62% vs. 27%, P = 0.041) and have had multiple stents placed (P = 0.039).
Thoracic AD endovascular repair is a safe and effective treatment option for AD with relative low in-hospital mortality. AD rupture may be more common in arch stent-graft patients with an ascending aortic diameter = 4 cm and with severe dissection that needs multi-stent placement. Attention should be paid to a proximal bare spring stent that has a higher probability of inducing an AD rupture. Post balloon dilation should be performed with serious caution, particularly for the migration during dilation.
Chinese medical journal 05/2013; 126(9):1636-41. · 0.90 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To reduce radiation dose for retrospective ECG-triggered helical 256-slice CTCA by determining an optimal body size index to prospectively adjust tube current.
102 consecutive patients with suspected CAD underwent retrospective ECG-triggered CTCA using 256-slice CT scanner. Six body size indexes including BMI, nipple level (NL) bust, thoracic anteroposterior diameter at NL, chest circumference (CC) at NL, left main and right coronary artery (RCA) origin level were measured and their correlation with noise was evaluated using linear regression. An equation was developed to use this index to adjust tube current. Additional 102 consecutive patients were scanned with the index-based mAs adjustment. A t-test for independent samples was used to compare radiation dose levels with and without the index-based mAs selection method.
Linear regression indicated that CC RCA had the best correlation with noise (R(2)=0.603). Effective radiation dose was reduced from 16.6±0.9 to 9.8±2.7mSv (p<0.01), i.e. 40.9% lower dose with the CC RCA-adapted tube current method. The image quality scores indicated no significant difference with and without the size-based mAs selection method.
An accessible measure of body size, such as CC RCA, can be used to adapt tube current for individualized radiation dose control.
European journal of radiology 06/2012; 81(11):3146-53. · 2.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the feasibility of evaluating the aortopulmonary collateral flow (APCF) and pulmonary vascular growth of patients who underwent bidirectional Glenn shunting (BGS) using phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI).
Blood flow measurements of the great vessels of the body were recorded in 22 post-BGS patients using 3.0 T PC-MRI. Right and left pulmonary blood flow (Q(P)), stroke volume (SV) of the ascending aorta (Q(S)), blood flow of descending aorta (Q(d)) and venous return of the superior and inferior venae cavae (Q(V)) per minute were calculated using the Report Card software. APCF was equal to the difference between Q(S) and Q(V). The parameters for pulmonary vascular growth were assessed using CE-MRI. The relationship between pulmonary vascular growth and APCF was evaluated using correlation analysis. A comparative analysis was conducted between the MRI results and the results of five cases who underwent cardiac catheterization and 10 cases who underwent angiography.
Estimated APCF ranged from 0.23 to 1.63 l/(min/m(2)), accounting for 5-44% of Q(S). Morphologic abnormalities such as pulmonary stenosis, dilatation and thrombosis were clearly visualized through CE-MRI. Significant differences in individual pulmonary artery growth were observed. A significant negative correlation was found between APCF and the pulmonary artery index (PAI; r = -0.461, P = 0.031) when the McGoon rate was 2.04 ± 0.59 and the PAI was 253.27 ± 85.86 mm(2)/m(2). Good consistency or relativity was found between cardiac catheterization, angiography and MRI.
Assessing the APCF and parameters for pulmonary vascular growth in patients who underwent BGS is feasible using 3.0 T PC-MRI integrated with CE-MRI, which may play an important role in clinical and therapeutic decision-making and prognostic evaluation.
European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 06/2012; 41(6):e146-53. · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are a limited number of reports on the technical and clinical feasibility of prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD).
To evaluate image quality and radiation dose at weight-based low-dose prospectively gated 256-slice MDCT angiography in infants with CHD.
From November 2009 to February 2010, 64 consecutive infants with CHD referred for pre-operative or post-operative CT were included. All were scanned on a 256-slice MDCT system utilizing a low-dose protocol (80 kVp and 60-120 mAs depending on weight: 60 mAs for ≤ 3 kg, 80 mAs for 3.1-6 kg, 100 mAs for 6.1-10 kg, 120 mAs for 10.1-15 kg).
No serious adverse events were recorded. A total of 174 cardiac deformities, confirmed by surgery or heart catheterization, were studied. The sensitivity of MDCT for cardiac deformities was 97.1%; specificity, 99.4%; accuracy, 95.9%. The mean heart rate during scan was 136.7 ± 14.9/min (range, 91-160) with a corresponding heart rate variability of 2.8 ± 2.2/min (range, 0-8). Mean scan length was 115.3 ± 11.7 mm (range, 93.6-143.3). Mean volume CT dose index, mean dose-length product and effective dose were 2.1 ± 0.4 mGy (range, 1.5-2.8), 24.7 ± 5.9 mGy·cm (range, 14.7-35.8) and 1.6 ± 0.3 mSv (range, 1.1-2.5), respectively. Diagnostic-quality images were achieved in all cases. Satisfactory diagnostic quality for visualization of all/proximal/distal coronary artery segments was achieved in 88.4/98.8/80.0% of the scans.
Low-dose prospectively gated axial 256-slice CT angiography is a valuable tool in the routine clinical evaluation of infants with CHD, providing a comprehensive three-dimensional evaluation of the cardiac anatomy, including the coronary arteries.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and safety of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided interventional therapy for borderline lesions in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ASC).
Thirty-one ASC patients with borderline lesions (coronary artery stenosis between 40%-70% confirmed by coronary arteriography [CAG]) and a minimal lumen area (MLA) of the infarction related artery(IRA) < or =4.0 mm(2) shown by IVUS underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Another 31 PCI cases without IVUS were also enrolled as the control group. The minimal luminal diameter, cross section luminal area, total cross section, plaque area and area stenosis rate were measured before and after stent deployment at a conventional or higher pressure in the IVUS group. All the patients were followed up for 10-12 months and clinically evaluated 1, 3, 6 month and 12 months after the procedure to collect the data of angina recurrence, myocardial infarction and revascularization.
All the 31 cases were successfully stented with satisfied CAG results (with residual stenosis <0, TIMI flow grade III) and without dissection or any related complications. Among the 32 stents, 28 showed insufficient adherence or underexpansion (stent malapposition) to require 18-20 atm dilation or another high pressure balloon to attain the adequate IVUS results. CAG and IVUS were repeated in 22 patients (70.97%) of the IVUS group during the 10 to 12 months of follow up. No stent restenosis occurred with the in-stent diameter late loss >50%, nor was in-stent thrombus found by IVUS. Endomembrane proliferation was found but without any significant difference. Minimal stent lumen area were not significantly different from the immediate results after PCI (10.12-/+1.15 mm(2) vs 8.98-/+2.12 mm(2), P>0.05). The 31 patients in the control group were successfully stented with satisactory CAG results, but 3 suffered angina at 3-6 months who showed stent restenosis and insufficient stent adherence.
IVUS can more effectively guide the interventional therapy for ACS borderline lesions and assess the immediate efficacy of therapy than CAG. Post-dilation with higher pressure (16-20 atm) guided by IVUS can further improve the procedural results. IVUS-guided PCI for ACS borderline lesions ensures high immediate and long-term success rate.
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 12/2009; 29(12):2453-5, 2458.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the detection rate of myocardial bridging by 64-slice spiral CT coronary angiography.
The data of 3011 patients with suspected coronary artery disease undergoing 64-slice spiral CT coronary angiography were collected and analyzed retrospectively.
A total of 174 cases (5.8%) with myocardial bridging were detected by 64-slice spiral CT coronary angiography, among which 168 (96.6%) had single foci of involvement and 6 (3.4%) had were multiple foci. Involvement of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was detected in 167 out of the 174 cases (96.0%). The length of the myocardial bridge varied between 5 and 120 mm (mean of 30.5 mm), and the depth of the tunneled artery ranged between 1.3 and 2.8 mm (mean 2.3 mm). Seventy-nine of the cases (45.4%) had uncomplicated myocardial bridging and 95 (54.6%) had myocardial bridging complicated by coronary atherosclerosis.
Multi-slice spiral CT coronary angiography is a reliable and noninvasive modality for diagnosis of myocardial bridging to allow direct measurement of the length and depth of the myocardial bridge and detection of concurrent coronary and cardiac lesions.
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 03/2009; 29(2):236-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical therapeutic effects of endovascular repair for patients with DeBakey III aortic dissection.
From December 2002 to June 2007, endovascular TALENT stent-graft exclusion was performed in 75 (65 males, mean age 54.4 +/- 12.6 years) patients with DeBakey III aortic dissection (1 young woman due to Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 2 young men due to primary aldosteronism and trauma respectively). All patients were diagnosed by contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) or MRI. Stent-grafts were deployed via femoral artery to exclude the tear of dissection. Aortic angiography was performed immediately after procedure.
Eighty-one stent-grafts were installed in 75 patients successfully without operation related dissection. Endoleakage immediately after stent-graft deploying was evidenced in 25 patients and disappeared after stent placements (n = 6) or balloon dilation (n = 19). Two patients died from aortic rupture within 2 days after procedure. Iliac artery was torn in a female patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, this patient developed hemorrhagic shock after stent-graft placement and recovered after anti-shock treatments and iliac artery replacement with synthetic artery. During the follow-up of 1 - 24 months, 2 patients (including the woman with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome) suddenly died half a year after procedure. The remaining patients were alive and well. Repeat CT during follow up showed that reduced lumen size and thrombosis in the false lumen. There was no aortic rupture, endoleak and stent migration during the follow-up period except descending aortic dissection distal of the stent-graft in 1 patient 1 year after procedure and the patient were successfully treated surgically without complication.
Endovascular repair is a safe and effective treatment for patients with DeBakey III aortic dissection, suitable for old patients with high risk of surgery. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome should be considered in young DeBakey III aortic dissection patients without hypertension. Further studies are warranted on endovascular repair therapy for artery complication of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 03/2008; 36(2):132-6.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the accuracy of 64-slice spiral CT in diagnosis of restenosis of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) and native coronary arteries in patients after bypass surgery.
Fifty-eight patients receiving bypass surgery with totally 140 CABG (43 arterial and 97 venous grafts) were examined using 64-slice spiral CT. CABG and all native coronary arteries with a diameter of >1.5 mm were evaluated for the presence of significant stenoses (>50% diameter reduction) in comparison with the results by coronary angiography as the golden standard.
Of the 140 CABG examined, 38 were occluded and 104 remained patent, all of which were accurately identified by 64-slice spiral CT. The sensitivity of CT for restenosis detection in the patent graft was 100% (18/18) with a specificity of 95.2% (80/84). In the segmental evaluation of the native coronary arteries, the sensitivity of the CT in identifying significant stenosis in the evaluable segments (90%) was 84% (87/103) with a specificity of 74% (384/518). The accuracy of CT in detecting the presence of at least 1 stenosis in the CABG, distal runoff vessels or nongrafted arteries was 91% (53/58).
CT allows noninvasive angiographic evaluation of both the native coronary arteries and bypass grafts after bypass surgery.
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 12/2007; 27(12):1863-5.