ABSTRACT: Tissue microarrays (TMA) have recently emerged as powerful tools to rapidly analyze the clinical significance of new molecular markers in human tumors. Here, we have tested several molecular markers on a prostate TMA containing 637 different specimens.
The specimens were from 551 patients with prostate cancer and long-term follow-up information on progression (median 5.3 years), tumor-specific and overall survival (median 5.9 years). Eighty-six specimens from benign prostatic hyperplasia were included as controls. Expression of Ki67, Bcl-2, p53, CD-10 (neutral endopeptidase), and syndecan-1 (CD-138) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.
Gleason grade and Ki67 Labeling Index (LI) were independent predictors of early recurrence and poor survival. Bcl-2 predicted early recurrence, whereas p53 was associated with poor survival. Syndecan-1 overexpression also predicted early recurrence and was significantly associated with tumor specific survival, high Gleason grade, Ki67 LI, and Bcl-2 overexpression. Neoadjuvant hormonal therapy was associated with overexpression of Bcl-2 and inhibition of Ki67 LI and CD-10, but did not affect the expression of the remaining markers.
The results of this TMA study confirm a dominant prognostic significance of Gleason grading and Ki67 LI in prostate cancer, as compared to a less pronounced role of Bcl-2, and p53. We identified syndecan-1 as a new prognostic factor and provide evidence for an androgen-dependent regulation of CD-10 expression.
The Prostate 05/2003; 55(1):20-9. · 3.48 Impact Factor