ABSTRACT: To identify markers of response to therapy in neuroblastic tumors.
A total of 58 patients with neuroblastic tumor (38 neuroblastomas, 13 ganglioneuroblastomas and 7 ganglioneuromas) were included in the study. TP53, BCL-2, p21Waf1/Cip1 and metallothionein were included as a biologic approach to tumor differentiation, response to therapy and prognosis.
Patients who died of disease had the following immunophenotype: BCL-2 (9 of 10), nuclear TP53 (7 of 10) and metallothionein (7 of 10). TP-53 expression was related to clinical stage (p = 0.062) and disease outcome (p = 0.0218). All patients in whom treatment failed expressed metallothionein (3 of 3).
TP53, BCL-2, p21Waf1/Cip1 and metallothionein had limited value reflecting tumor maturation (differentiation) or predicting response to therapy. Only nuclear TP53 accumulation may be relevant in patient's prognosis.
Analytical and quantitative cytology and histology / the International Academy of Cytology [and] American Society of Cytology 05/2008; 30(2):105-12. · 0.41 Impact Factor