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ABSTRACT: We studied a child with apparent monosomy of chromosome 21. Cytogenetic, FISH and microsatellite analyses revealed a 45,X,-21,+der(X)t(X;21)(q25;q21.1) karyotype resulting from a de novo, unbalanced, X;21 non-reciprocal translocation of paternal origin, with partial monosomy of chromosomes 21 and X. An extreme, skewed X-inactivation pattern of the der(X) chromosome was demonstrated. Skewed inactivation probably accounted for a mild phenotype with respect to Xq25-->qter deletion while propagation of inactivation to the adjacent 21q region may account for mild clinical features associated to distal 21q monosomy.
European journal of medical genetics 07/2008; 51(6):588-97. · 1.57 Impact Factor