[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Digit sucking, tongue thrust swallowing, and mouth breathing are potential risk factors for development of malocclusion. The purpose of this study was to verify the prevalence of different occlusal traits among 5-7-year-old children and assess their relationship with oral habits. Material and Methods The study included 503 pre-school children (260 boys and 243 girls) with a mean age of 5.95 years. Different occlusal traits were verified by intraoral examination. Oral habits were diagnosed using data gathered from clinical examination of occlusion and extra-oral assessment of the face, combined with a questionnaire for parents. Results The study demonstrated that 71.4% of the children presented with 1 or more attributes of malocclusion and 16.9% had oral habits. The vertical and sagittal malrelation of incisors, as well as spacing, were the predominant features. This study showed that digit suckers have higher incidence of anterior open bite (P=0.013) and posterior crossbite (P=0.005). The infantile type of swallowing demonstrated strong association (P=0.001) with anterior open bite. Conclusions Non-nutritive sucking habits and tongue thrust swallowing are significant risk factors for the development of anterior open bite and posterior crossbite in pre-school children.
Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 01/2014; 20:2036-42. · 1.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Class II division 1 malocclusion represents the most common skeletal discrepancy which orthodontists see in daily practice. The understanding of the morphology is a key element in planning dentofacial orthopedic treatment for this type of malocclusion. The purpose of the present study was to examine prepubertal children with Class II division 1 malocclusion and to evaluate maxillary and mandibular skeletal positions in comparison with normal growth standards by means of cephalometric measurements used by clinical practitioners. For the study casts and cephalograms of 86 consecutive patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion were used. The Class II division 1 malocclusion demonstrates broad variation in its skeletal and dental morphology. The retrognathic mandible (60%), maxillary prognathism (55.8%) and reduce vertical skeletal jaw relationship is the most common characteristic of Class II division 1 malocclusion. The optimal correction of the anteroposterior and vertical dental and skeletal discrepancies could be designed on the base of individual diagnosis for every Class II division 1 patient.
Stomatologija / issued by public institution "Odontologijos studija" ... [et al.] 02/2006; 8(1):3-8.