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Publications (2)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Context. The photometric observations of the OGLE-II microlens monitoring campaign have been taken in the period 1997-2000. All light curves of this campaign have recently become public. Our analysis of these data has revealed 13 low-amplitude transiting objects among ~15 700 stars in three Carina fields towards the Galactic disk. One of these objects, OGLE2-TR-L9 ($P\sim2.5$ days), turned out to be an excellent transiting-planet candidate.Aims. We report on our investigation of the true nature of OGLE2-TR-L9. By re-observing the photometric transit, we attempt to determine the transit parameters to high precision, and, by spectroscopic observations, to estimate the properties of the host star and determine the mass of the transiting object by means of radial-velocity measurements.Methods. High precision photometric observations were obtained in $g'$, $r'$, $i'$, and $z'$ band simultaneously, using the new GROND detector, mounted on the MPI/ESO 2.2 m telescope at La Silla. Eight epochs of high-dispersion spectroscopic observations were obtained using the fiber-fed FLAMES/UVES Echelle spectrograph, mounted on ESO's Very Large Telescope at Paranal.Results. The photometric transit, now more than 7 years after the last OGLE-II observations, was re-discovered only ~8 min from its predicted time. The primary object is a rapidly rotating F3 star with $v\sin i=39.33\pm0.38$ km s$^{-1}$, $T=6933\pm58$ K, $\log\,g = 4.25\pm0.01$, and ${\rm [Fe/H]} = -0.05\pm0.20$. The transiting object is an extrasolar planet with $M_{\rm{p}}=4.5\pm1.5~M_{\rm{Jup}}$ and $R_{\rm{p}}=1.61\pm0.04~R_{\rm{Jup}}$. Since this is the first planet detected orbiting a fast rotating star, the uncertainties in both the radial-velocity measurements and the planetary mass are larger than for most other planets discovered to date. The rejection of possible blend scenarios was based on a quantitative analysis of the multi-color photometric data. A stellar-blend scenario of an early F-star with a faint eclipsing-binary system is excluded, due to 1) the consistency between the spectroscopic parameters of the star and the mean density of the transited object as determined from the photometry, and 2) the excellent agreement between the transit signal as observed at four different wavelengths.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200810917. 01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: Context.In the late 1990s, the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE) team conducted the second phase of their long-term monitoring programme, OGLE-II, which since has been superseded by OGLE-III. All the monitoring data of this second phase, which was primarily aimed at finding microlensing events, have recently been made public.Aims.Fields in the OGLE-II survey have typically been observed with a cadence of once per night, over a period of a few months per year. We investigated whether these radically differently sampled data can also be used to search for transiting extrasolar planets, in particular in the light of future projects such as PanSTARRS and SkyMapper, which will monitor large fields, but mostly not at a cadence typical for transit studies.Methods.We selected data for ~15 700 stars with $13.0 < I < 16.0$ in three OGLE-II fields towards the galactic disc in the constellation Carina, each with 500–600 epochs of $I$-band photometry. These light curves were first detrended using Sys-Rem, after which they were searched for low amplitude transits using the Box Least Squares algorithm.Results.The detrending algorithm significantly decreased the scatter in the light curves, from an average of 0.5% down to 0.2–0.3% for stars with $I < 15$. Several dozens of eclipsing binaries and low amplitude transits were found, of which 13 candidates exhibit transits with such depth and duration that they are possibly caused by an object with a radius less than twice that of Jupiter. Eleven out of these thirteen candidates show significant ellipsoidal light variations and are unlikely to host a transiting extrasolar planet. However, OGLE2-TR-L9 (CAR_SC2_75679), is an excellent planet candidate comparable to the known OGLE-III transiting planets, and deserves further follow-up observations.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20078365. 11/2007;