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Publications (3)3.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Bifocal transport osteogenesis is an alternative technique of callus distraction, in which movement of a transport segment results in the formation of new bone in order to close a continuity defect. The aim of this experimental pilot study was to replace a bone graft by a biomaterial as a transport segment. Critical size defects of the calvaria in four adult sheep were treated with transport segments consisting either of an autogenous free bone graft of the calvaria (n=2) or of the biomaterial (deproteinized bovine cancellous bone; n=2). Latency period was 5 days; the rate of distraction was 1mm per day and was planned for 40 days. The consolidation period was 28 days. Specimens were investigated by conventional radiography, CT-scans and histologically, including immunofluorescence. In both groups, transport osteogenesis resulted in a "de novo" formation of bone, indicating that this biomaterial may contribute successfully to bone formation in bifocal transport osteogenesis. However, volume and thickness of the newly formed bone at the defect site were smaller when using the biomaterial than when using autogenous bone grafts. The application of a biomaterial as transport segments in bifocal transport osteogenesis in cranial critical size defects resulted in the formation of new bone thus excluding bone graft donor site morbidity.
    Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery 07/2008; 36(4):218-26. · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bifocal transport osteogenesis (BTO) is a promising technique for the reconstruction of extended osseous craniofacial defects. Aim of this study was to determine the potential of this technique related to various donor sites of the transport segment. In 10 adult sheep critical size defects of the calvaria were treated by gradual movement of a transport segment consisting either of autogenous regional free calvarial bone grafts (n=5) or autogenous illiac free bone grafts (n=5). Latency period was 5 days; the rate of distraction was 1mm per day and extended approximately 40 days. The consolidation period was 28 days. After harvesting, specimens were investigated by conventional radiography, CT-scans, histologically and by fluorescence. In both groups transport osteogenesis resulted in a complete closure of the critical size defect. Membranous bone formation and remodeling occurred during the entire period of distraction and consolidation. The volumes and thickness of newly formed bone at the defect site were increased significantly when calvarial bone grafts were used (P<0.05). Iliac bone grafts became progrediently smaller during distraction, while the volume of calvarial grafts remained relatively constant (P<0.05). In conclusion, transport segments consisting of calvarial and iliac bone resulted in a reliable closure of craniofacial critical size defects in adult organisms; the application of calvarial bone grafts resulted in an increased extend of bone formation.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 10/2004; 33(6):575-83. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transport osteogenesis is a modified technique of callus distraction appropriate for the reconstruction of extended osseous defects of long or flat bones. The aim of this study was to determine the regenerative potential of this technique related to the degree of mobilization of the transport segment. In 10 adult sheep, critically sized defects of the calvaria were treated by gradual movement of a transport segment consisting of calvarial bone. The transport segments were either corticotomized (n = 5) or osteotomized (n = 5). The latency period was 5 days; the rate of distraction was 1 mm/d, extended for approximately 40 days. The consolidation period was 28 days. Specimens were investigated by conventional radiography, computed tomography scans, immunofluorescence, and histological examination. In both groups, transport osteogenesis resulted in a complete closure of the defect. The volume and thickness of newly formed bone at the defect site did not differ significantly between the groups, nor did the extent of vascularization. Bone formation and remodeling occurred during the entire period of distraction and consolidation. Osteotomized transport segments became smaller during distraction, whereas the volume of corticotomized segments remained relatively constant. In conclusion, transport osteogenesis resulted in reliable closure of extended skull defects in adult organisms; corticotomy and osteotomy of the transport segment led to a similar extent of bone formation.
    Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 08/2004; 15(4):556-65. · 0.69 Impact Factor