M W Eshoo

Buck Institute for Research on Aging, Novato, California, United States

Are you M W Eshoo?

Claim your profile

Publications (4)28.09 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We used cDNA microarray gene expression profiling to characterize the transcriptional response to exposure of cultured mouse cerebral cortical neurons to hypoxia for 24 hr. Of 11,200 genes examined, 1,405 (12.5%) were induced or repressed at least 1.5-fold, whereas 26 known genes were induced and 20 known genes were repressed at least 2.5-fold. The most strongly induced genes included genes coding for endoplasmic reticulum proteins (Ero1L/Giig11, Sac1p, Ddit3/Gadd153), proteins involved in ubiquitination (Arih2, P4hb), proteins induced by hypoxia in non-neuronal systems (Gpi1, Aldo1, Anxa2, Hig1), and proteins that might promote cell death (Gas5, Egr1, Ndr1, Vdac2). These findings reinforce the importance of endoplasmic reticulum-based mechanisms and of protein-ubiquitination pathways in the neuronal response to hypoxia.
    Neurochemical Research 11/2002; 27(10):1105-12. · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The recent demonstration that biochemical pathways from diverse organisms are arranged in scale-free, rather than random, systems [Jeong et al., Nature 407 (2000) 651-654], emphasizes the importance of developing methods for the identification of biochemical nexuses--the nodes within biochemical pathways that serve as the major input/output hubs, and therefore represent potentially important targets for modulation. Here we describe a bioinformatics approach that identifies candidate nexuses for biochemical pathways without requiring functional gene annotation; we also provide proof-of-principle experiments to support this technique. This approach, called Nexxus, may lead to the identification of new signal transduction pathways and targets for drug design.
    FEBS Letters 01/2002; 509(2):230-4. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The brain's response to ischemia, which helps determine clinical outcome after stroke, is regulated partly by competing genetic programs that respectively promote cell survival and delayed cell death. Many genes involved in this response have been identified individually or systematically, providing insights into the molecular basis of ischemic injury and potential targets for therapy. The development of microarray systems for gene expression profiling permits screening of large numbers of genes for possible involvement in biological or pathological processes. Therefore, we used an oligodeoxynucleotide-based microarray consisting of 374 human genes, most implicated previously in apoptosis or related events, to detect alterations in gene expression in the hippocampus of rats subjected to 15 minutes of global cerebral ischemia followed by up to 72 hours of reperfusion. We found 1.7-fold or greater increases in the expression of 57 genes and 1.7-fold or greater decreases in the expression of 34 genes at 4, 24, or 72 hours after ischemia. The number of induced genes increased from 4 to 72 hours, whereas the number of repressed genes decreased. The induced genes included genes involved in protein synthesis, genes mutated in hereditary human diseases, proapoptotic genes, antiapoptotic genes, injury-response genes, receptors, ion channels, and enzymes. We detected transcriptional induction of several genes implicated previously in cerebral ischemia, including ALG2, APP, CASP3, CLU, ERCC3, GADD34, GADD153, IGFBP2, TIAR, VEGF, and VIM, as well as other genes not so implicated. We also found coinduction of several groups of related genes that might represent functional modules within the ischemic neuronal transcriptome, including VEGF and its receptor, NRP1; the IGF1 receptor and the IGF1-binding protein IGFBP2; Rb, the Rb-binding protein E2F1, and the E2F-related transcription factor, TFDP1; the CACNB3 and CACNB4 beta-subunits of the voltage-gated calcium channel; and caspase-3 and its substrates, ACINUS, FEM1, and GSN. To test the hypothesis that genes identified through this approach might have roles in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia, we measured expression of the products of two induced genes not heretofore implicated in cerebral ischemia-GRB2, an adapter protein involved in growth-factor signaling pathways, and SMN1, which participates in RNA processing and is deleted in most cases of spinal muscular atrophy. Western analysis showed enhanced expression of both proteins in hippocampus at 24 to 72 hours after ischemia, and SMN1 was localized by immunohistochemistry to hippocampal neurons. These results suggest that microarray analysis of gene expression may be useful for elucidating novel molecular mediators of cell death and survival in the ischemic brain.
    Annals of Neurology 08/2001; 50(1):93-103. · 11.19 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The brain's response to ischemia, which helps determine clinical outcome after stroke, is regulated partly by competing genetic programs that respectively promote cell survival and delayed cell death. Many genes involved in this response have been identified individually or systematically, providing insights into the molecular basis of ischemic injury and potential targets for therapy. The development of microarray systems for gene expression profiling permits screening of large numbers of genes for possible involvement in biological or pathological processes. Therefore, we used an oligodeoxynucleotide-based microarray consisting of 374 human genes, most implicated previously in apoptosis or related events, to detect alterations in gene expression in the hippocampus of rats subjected to 15 minutes of global cerebral ischemia followed by up to 72 hours of reperfusion. We found 1.7-fold or greater increases in the expression of 57 genes and 1.7-fold or greater decreases in the expression of 34 genes at 4, 24, or 72 hours after ischemia. The number of induced genes increased from 4 to 72 hours, whereas the number of repressed genes decreased. The induced genes included genes involved in protein synthesis, genes mutated in hereditary human diseases, proapoptotic genes, antiapoptotic genes, injury-response genes, receptors, ion channels, and enzymes. We detected transcriptional induction of several genes implicated previously in cerebral ischemia, including ALG2, APP, CASP3, CLU, ERCC3, GADD34, GADD153, IGFBP2, TIAR, VEGF, and VIM, as well as other genes not so implicated. We also found coinduction of several groups of related genes that might represent functional modules within the ischemic neuronal transcriptome, including VEGF and its receptor, NRP1; the IGF1 receptor and the IGF1-binding protein IGFBP2; Rb, the Rb-binding protein E2F1, and the E2F-related transcription factor, TFDP1; the CACNB3 and CACNB4 β-subunits of the voltage-gated calcium channel; and caspase-3 and its substrates, ACINUS, FEM1, and GSN. To test the hypothesis that genes identified through this approach might have roles in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia, we measured expression of the products of two induced genes not heretofore implicated in cerebral ischemia—GRB2, an adapter protein involved in growth-factor signaling pathways, and SMN1, which participates in RNA processing and is deleted in most cases of spinal muscular atrophy. Western analysis showed enhanced expression of both proteins in hippocampus at 24 to 72 hours after ischemia, and SMN1 was localized by immunohistochemistry to hippocampal neurons. These results suggest that microarray analysis of gene expression may be useful for elucidating novel molecular mediators of cell death and survival in the ischemic brain.
    Annals of Neurology 06/2001; 50(1):93 - 103. · 11.19 Impact Factor