Lyudmila Soldatova

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Washington, Washington, D.C., United States

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Publications (2)9.9 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The major allergens of honeybee venom, hyaluronidase (Hyal) and phospholipase A2, can induce life-threatening IgE-mediated allergic reactions in humans. Although conventional immunotherapy is effective, up to 40% of patients develop allergic side effects including anaphylaxis and thus, there is a need for an improved immunotherapy. A murine monoclonal anti-Hyal IgG1 antibody (mAb 21E11), that competed for Hyal binding with IgEs from sera of bee venom allergic patients, was raised. The fragment of these IgG antibodies which bind to antigen (Fab) was produced and complexed (1:1) with Hyal. The crystal structure determination of Hyal/Fab 21E11 complex (2.6 A) enabled the identification of the Hyal-IgG interface which provides indirect information on the Hyal-IgE interaction (B-cell epitope). The epitope is composed of a linear array of nine residues (Arg138, His141-Arg148) located at the tip of a helix-turn-helix motive which protrudes away from the globular core and fits tightly into the deep surface pocket formed by the residues from the six complementarity determining regions (CDRs) of the Fab. The epitope is continuous and yet its conformation appears to be essential for Ab recognition, since the synthetic 15-mer peptide comprising the entire epitope (Arg138-Glu152) is neither recognized by mAb 21E11 nor by human IgEs. The structure of the complex provides the basis for the rational design of Hyal derivatives with reduced allergenic activity, which could be used in the development of safer allergen-specific immunotherapy.
    Journal of Molecular Biology 06/2007; 368(3):742-52. · 3.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyaluronic acid (HA) is the most abundant glycosaminoglycan of vertebrate extracellular spaces and is specifically degraded by a beta-1,4 glycosidase. Bee venom hyaluronidase (Hya) shares 30% sequence identity with human hyaluronidases, which are involved in fertilization and the turnover of HA. On the basis of sequence similarity, mammalian enzymes and Hya are assigned to glycosidase family 56 for which no structure has been reported yet. The crystal structure of recombinant (Baculovirus) Hya was determined at 1.6 A resolution. The overall topology resembles a classical (beta/alpha)(8) TIM barrel except that the barrel is composed of only seven strands. A long substrate binding groove extends across the C-terminal end of the barrel. Cocrystallization with a substrate analog revealed the presence of a HA tetramer bound to subsites -4 to -1 and distortion of the -1 sugar. The structure of the complex strongly suggest an acid-base catalytic mechanism, in which Glu113 acts as the proton donor and the N-acetyl group of the substrate is the nucleophile. The location of the catalytic residues shows striking similarity to bacterial chitinase which also operates via a substrate-assisted mechanism.
    Structure 11/2000; 8(10):1025-35. · 5.99 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

146 Citations
9.90 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2007
    • U.S. Food and Drug Administration
      • Center for Drug Evaluation and Research
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States