Luiza A Rabelo

Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Madalena, Alagoas, Brazil

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Publications (9)19.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the impact of a short-term cardiovascular physical programme on the metabolic, anthropometric and oxidative stress parameters of women with metabolic syndrome. Methods: Thirty sedentary female patients, age range 30-60 years, were invited to participate in a 6-week cardiovascular physical programme. The training consisted of 60-min sessions of aerobic and strength exercises performed 3 times a week; a total of 18 sessions. Anthropometric data, functional exercise capacity, general biochemical profile, serum lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase and catalase activity in erythrocytes were evaluated according to standardized protocols. Peripheral vascular function was assessed using applanation tonometry. All assessments were performed before and after the training programme. Results: The physical programme proved effective in improving the distance covered in the 6-min walk test and in reducing arterial pressure levels, pulse pressure and the Augmentation Index, without modifying heart rate. The plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances levels, indicators of oxidative stress, were significantly decreased after the programme. Superoxide dismutase activity was increased in erythrocyte lysates, with no significant change in catalase activity. Waist circumference was significantly decreased compared with baseline. The distance covered in the 6-min walk test was significantly greater after the short-term cardiovascular training. Conclusion: These findings indicate that short-term combined aerobic and strength training may represent an important non-pharmacological approach for treating individuals with metabolic syndrome.
    Journal of rehabilitation medicine: official journal of the UEMS European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 05/2013; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its increasing incidence worldwide, coupled with several complications observed in its carriers, have become a public health issue of great relevance. Chronic hyperglycemia is the main feature of such a disease, being considered the responsible for the establishment of micro and macrovascular complications observed in diabetes. Several efforts have been directed in order to better comprehend the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the course of this endocrine disease. Recently, numerous authors have suggested that excess generation of highly reactive oxygen and nitrogen species is a key component in the development of complications invoked by hyperglycemia. Overproduction and/or insufficient removal of these reactive species result in vascular dysfunction, damage to cellular proteins, membrane lipids and nucleic acids, leading different research groups to search for biomarkers which would be capable of a proper and accurate measurement of the oxidative stress (OS) in diabetic patients, especially in the presence of chronic complications. In the face of this scenario, the present review briefly addresses the role of hyperglycemia in OS, considering basic mechanisms and their effects in diabetes mellitus, describes some of the more commonly used biomarkers of oxidative/nitrosative damage and includes selected examples of studies which evaluated OS biomarkers in patients with diabetes, pointing to the relevance of such biological components in general oxidative stress status of diabetes mellitus carriers.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2013; 14(2):3265-84. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ethanol extracts of powdered genipap (Genipa americana L.), umbu (Spondia tuberosa A.) and siriguela (Spondia purpurea L.) prepared from separate pulp, seeds and peel were investigated for their (i) antioxidant capacity, which was evaluated by various known methods; (ii) acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity; and (iii) cytotoxic effect on corneal epithelial cells of sheep. The highest values of total phenolic content were obtained with peel and seed extracts. Siriguela and umbu (seeds and peel) extracts displayed the highest antioxidant activities. Lipid peroxidation assays using mimetic biomembranes and mouse liver homogenates indicated that genipap pulp is a promising antioxidant. The investigation of phenols and organic acid contents revealed the presence of quercetin, citric and quinic acids, chlorogenic acid derivatives, among others, in several extracts, with the highest amount found in siriguela seeds. Genipap pulp and siriguela seed ethanol extracts presented an AChE inhibition zone similar to that of the positive control, carbachol. AChE inhibition assay with chlorogenic acid, one of the main constituents of siriguela seeds, revealed that this acid showed activity similar to that of the control physostigmine. These data suggest that these extracts are potentially important antioxidant supplements for the everyday human diet, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
    Food Research International. 11/2012; 49(1):334–344.
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the oxidative stress through enzymatic and nonenzymatic biomarkers in diabetic patients with and without hypertension and prediabetics. The SOD and CAT (in erythrocytes) and GPx (in plasma) enzymatic activities, plasma levels of lipid peroxidation, and total thiols were measured in the blood of 55 subjects with type 2 diabetes and 38 subjects without diabetes (9 pre-diabetics and 29 controls) aged 40-86 years. The total SOD activity and the lipid peroxidation were higher in diabetics compared to nondiabetics. In stratified groups, the total SOD activity was different for the hypertensive diabetics compared to the prediabetics and normotensive controls. Lipid peroxidation was significantly higher in both groups of diabetics (hypertensive and normotensive) compared to prediabetic groups and hypertensive and normotensive controls. There was no significant difference in the CAT and GPx activities, as well as in the concentration of total thiols in the groups studied. Present data strongly suggest the involvement of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of diabetes, revealing that the increased lipid peroxidation has a close relationship with high glucose levels, as observed by the fasting glucose and HbA1c levels. The results evidence the correlation between lipid peroxidation and DM, irrespective of the presence of hypertension.
    Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 01/2012; 2012:819310.
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies describe the participation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in hypertension. To identify the redox imbalance in the blood of hypertensive. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione (GSH), vitamin C, transferrin, ceruloplasmin, malondialdehyde (MDA) and carbonyl group were quantified in the blood of 20 hypertensives and 21 controls. The individuals had a Body Mass Index of ≥ 18.5 and ≤ 30 kg/m(2), glycemia ≤ 100 mg/dL, serum cholesterol ≤ 200 mg/dL, and were nonsmokers, non-pregnant and non-lactating women, non-users of alopurinol and probucol, with hypertensives on antihypertensive medication. All individuals underwent a preparatory period of 4 weeks without alcohol, vitamin supplements, dexamethasone and paracetamol. Reduced levels of CAT (p 0.013), GSH (p 0.003) and MDA (p 0.014), and high levels of GPx (p 0.001) and ceruloplasmin (p 0.015) were obtained in the hypertensive group compared with controls. A positive correlation between systolic pressure and MDA in hypertensive and diastolic pressure and CAT in controls was obtained. The data obtained suggest that the hypertensives were in redox imbalance, despite the possibly attenuating effect of their antihypertensive medication.
    Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia 08/2011; 97(2):141-7. · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • Luiza A Rabelo, Natalia Alenina, Michael Bader
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    ABSTRACT: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a pivotal regulator of physiological homeostasis and diseases of the cardiovascular system. Recently, new factors have been discovered, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), angiotensin-(1-7) and Mas. This newly defined ACE2-angiotensin-(1-7)-Mas axis was shown to have a critical role in the vasculature and in the heart, exerting mainly protective effects. One important mechanism of the classic and the new RAAS regulate vascular function is through the regulation of redox signaling. Angiotensin II is a classic prooxidant peptide that increases superoxide production through the activation of NAD(P)H oxidases. This review summarizes the current knowledge about the ACE2-angiotensin-(1-7)-Mas axis and redox signaling in the context of cardiovascular regulation and disease. By interacting with its receptor Mas, angiotensin-(1-7) induces the release of nitric oxide from endothelial cells and thereby counteracts the effects of angiotensin II. ACE2 converts angiotensin II to angiotensin-(1-7) and, thus, is a pivotal regulator of the local effects of the RAAS on the vessel wall. Taken together, the ACE2-angiotensin-(1-7)-Mas axis emerges as a novel therapeutic target in the context of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
    Hypertension Research 02/2011; 34(2):154-60. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies refer to reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) as important agents in the pathogenesis of a number of heart diseases, including high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and heart failure. Such species are highly bioactive molecules and a short life due chiefly to reduction of molecular oxygen. The enzyme complex of NADPH oxidase is the main source of these reactive species in vascular system. Under physiological conditions, formation and elimination of these substances seem balanced in vascular wall. During redox Unbalance, nonetheless, there is increase in NADPH oxidase activity and predominance of pro-oxidizing agents, surpassing the anti-oxidant capacity of the organism self-defense. Besides this, such enzyme hyperactivity reduces the bioavailability of nitric oxide, capital for vasodilation and maintenance of normal vascular function. In spite of NADPH oxidase being directly connected to the endothelial dysfunction, it was firstly described as for its expression in phagocytes, where its activity determines efficiency of organism defense mechanisms against pathogens. Slight differences between structural units of NADPH oxidases, depending on the type of cell which expresses it, may create therapeutic implications, allowing to selectively inhibiting redox unbalance triggered by NADPH oxidase, without compromising, however, its participation in physiological cellular signaling which make sure protection against micro-organisms.
    Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia 05/2010; 94(5):643-51, 684-93. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mas codes for a G protein-coupled receptor that is implicated in angiotensin-(1-7) signaling. We studied the cardiovascular phenotype of Mas-deficient mice backcrossed onto the FVB/N genetic background using telemetry and found that they exhibit higher blood pressures compared with controls. These Mas(-/-) mice also had impaired endothelial function, decreased NO production, and lower endothelial NO synthase expression. Reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase catalytic subunit gp91(phox) protein content determined by Western blotting was higher in Mas(-/-) mice than in controls, whereas superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were reduced. The superoxide dismutase mimetic, Tempol, decreased blood pressure in Mas(-/-) mice but had a minimal effect in control mice. Our results show a major cardiovascular phenotype in Mas(-/-) mice. Mas-deletion results in increased blood pressure, endothelial dysfunction, and an imbalance between NO and reactive oxygen species. Our animals represent a promising model to study angiotensin-(1-7)-mediated cardiovascular effects and to evaluate Mas agonistic compounds as novel cardioprotective and antihypertensive agents based on their beneficial effects on endothelial function.
    Hypertension 03/2008; 51(2):574-80. · 6.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Mas gene codes for an angiotensin (1-7) receptor. There is accumulating evidence that Mas is involved in vascular homeostasis. We have recently backcrossed Mas-knockout mice to two different genetic backgrounds, C57Bl/6 and FVB/N. FVB/NMas-deficient mice exhibited elevation in blood pressure (BP) and impaired endothelial function. In the present study, we aimed to address the question whether this phenotype is strain-specific. Therefore, we evaluated endothelial function in C57Bl/6Mas-deficient mice. Similar to FVB/NMas-knockout animals, Mas-deficiency in C57Bl/6 mice leads to endothelial dysfunction evaluated by the acute BP effect of acetylcholine administration. Measurements of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the systems involved in their metabolism revealed an imbalance between these vasoactive factors in C57Bl/6Mas-knockout mice, which may explain the impairment of endothelial function in these animals. However, endothelial dysfunction was less prominent in Mas-deficient mice on a C57Bl/6 background compared to FVB/N. Moreover, C57Bl/6Mas-deficient mice remained normotensive while FVB/N-based animals exhibited elevated BP. The impairment of endothelium-dependent vasodilatory response to acetylcholine in two different mouse strains with Mas deficiency indicates a key role of Mas in endothelial function by its effects on the generation and metabolism of NO and ROS.
    Journal of the American Society of Hypertension 01/2008; 2(6):418-24. · 2.84 Impact Factor