Luiz Eduardo Baggio Savio

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Are you Luiz Eduardo Baggio Savio?

Claim your profile

Publications (17)44.41 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hypermethioninemic patients may exhibit different neurological dysfunctions, and the mechanisms underlying these pathologies remain obscure. Glutamate and ATP are important excitatory neurotransmitters co-released at synaptic clefts, and whose activities are intrinsically related. Adenosine-the final product of ATP breakdown-is also an important neuromodulator. Here, we investigated the effects of long-term (7-day) exposure to 1.5 or 3 mM methionine (Met) on glutamate uptake in brain tissues (telencephalon, optic tectum, and cerebellum) and on ATP, ADP, and AMP catabolism by ecto-nucleotidases found in brain membrane samples, using a zebrafish model. Also, we evaluated the expression of ecto-nucleotidase (ntdp1, ntdp2mg, ntdp2mq, ntdp2mv, ntdp3, and nt5e) and adenosine receptor (adora1, adora2aa, adora2ab, adora2b) genes in the brain of zebrafish exposed to Met. In animals exposed to 3.0 mM Met, glutamate uptake in the telencephalon decreased significantly. Also, ATP and ADP (but not AMP) catabolism decreased significantly at both Met concentrations tested. The messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of ntpd genes and of the adenosine receptors adora1 and adora2aa increased significantly after Met exposure. In contrast, adora2ab mRNA levels decreased after Met exposure. Our data suggest that glutamate and ATP accumulate at synaptic clefts after Met exposure, with potential detrimental effects to the nervous system. This phenomenon might explain, at least in part, the increased susceptibility of hypermethioninemic patients to neurological symptoms.
    Molecular neurobiology. 11/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mild hyperhomocysteinemia is considered to be a risk factor for cerebral and cardiovascular disorders and can be modeled in experimental rats. Inflammation has been implicated in the toxic effects of homocysteine. Cholinergic signaling controls cytokine production and inflammation through the "cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway," and brain acetylcholinesterase activity plays a role in this regulation. The aim of this present study is to investigate the effect of mild chronic hyperhomocysteinemia on proinflammatory cytokine levels in the brain, heart, and serum of rats. Activity, immunocontent, and gene expression of acetylcholinesterase in the brain and butyrylcholinesterase activity in serum were also evaluated. Mild hyperhomocysteinemia was induced in Wistar rats by homocysteine administration (0.03 μmol/g of body weight) twice a day, from the 30th to the 60th days of life. Controls received saline in the same volumes. Results demonstrated an increase in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and the chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) in the hippocampus, as well as an increase in IL-1β and IL-6 levels in cerebral cortex. Acetylcholinesterase activity was increased in rats subjected to mild hyperhomocysteinemia in both cerebral structures tested; the immunocontent of this enzyme was also increased in the cerebral cortex and decreased in the hippocampus. Levels of acetylcholinesterase mRNA transcripts were not altered. Peripherally, homocysteine increased TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1 levels in the heart and IL-6 levels in serum. Taken altogether, these findings suggest that homocysteine promotes an inflammatory status that can contribute, at least in part, to neuronal and cardiovascular dysfunctions observed in mild hyperhomocysteinemia.
    Molecular Neurobiology 03/2014; · 5.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Schistosomiasis is a chronic inflammatory disease whose macrophages are involved in immunopathology modulation. Although P2X7 receptor signaling plays an important role in inflammatory responses mediated by macrophages, no reports have examined the role of P2X7 receptors in macrophage function during schistosomiasis. Thus, we evaluated P2X7 receptor function in peritoneal macrophages during schistosomiasis using an ATP-induced permeabilization assay and measurements of the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. ATP treatment induced significantly less permeabilization in macrophages from S. mansoni-infected mice than in control cells from uninfected animals. Furthermore, P2X7-mediated increases in intracellular Ca(2+) levels were also reduced in macrophages from infected mice. TGF-β1 levels were increased in the peritoneal cavity of infected animals, and pretreatment of control macrophages with TGF-β1 reduced ATP-induced permeabilization, mimicking the effect of S. mansoni infection. Western blot and qRT-PCR data showed no difference in P2X7 protein and mRNA between uninfected, infected, and TGF-β1-treated groups. However, immunofluorescence analysis revealed reduced cell surface localization of P2X7 receptors in macrophages from infected and TGF-β1-treated mice compared to controls. Therefore, our data suggest that schistosomiasis reduces peritoneal macrophage P2X7 receptor signaling. This effect is likely due to the fact that infected mice have increased levels of TGF-β1, which reduces P2X7 receptor cell surface expression.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2014; 2014:134974. · 3.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Ana Carolina Morandini, Luiz Eduardo Baggio Savio, Robson Coutinho-Silva
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purinergic receptor P2X ligand-gated ion channel 7 (P2X7) is ubiquitously expressed in almost all tissues and organs of the body with the highest distribution in the immune cells of monocyte-macrophage origin. Classically, P2X7 receptor is involved in apoptotic cell death, and it is well known that extracellular ATP ligation to this purinergic receptor serves as an important secondary stimulus, which is also considered as danger signal for the interleukin (IL)-1β cleavage and secretion from pro-inflammatory cells. More recently, however, there has been substantial evidence of additional roles for the P2X7 receptor, both in innate immune response and as an adaptive link, including T-cell activation in a chronic state of inflammation. Also, compelling evidences have revealed an important role for ectonucleotidases as ATP-consuming enzymes in the control and fine-tuning of P2X7 function by regulating the time, concentration, and availability of ATP during infection-driven inflammation. This review focuses on the current evidences for P2X7 receptor involvement in the initial stages of inflammation, as well as for its role in acute and chronic stages of infection. Here, we also highlight the role of ectonucleotidase family in the control of P2X7 function, including the initial and resolution phases of inflammation.
    Biomedical Journal. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hyperprolinemia is an inherited disorder of proline metabolism and hyperprolinemic patients can present neurological manifestations, such as seizures, cognitive dysfunctions, and schizoaffective disorders. However, the mechanisms related to these symptoms are still unclear. In the present study, we evaluated the in vivo and in vitro effects of proline on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and gene expression in zebrafish brain. For the in vivo studies, animals were exposed at two proline concentrations (1.5 and 3.0 mM) during 1 hour or 7 days (short- or long-term treatments, respectively). For the in vitro assays, different proline concentrations (ranging from 3.0 μM to 1000 μM) were tested. Long-term proline exposures significantly increased AChE activity for both treated groups when compared to the control (34% and 39%). Moreover, the proline-induced increase on AChE activity was completely reverted by acute administration of antipsychotic drugs (haloperidol and sulpiride), as well as the changes induced in ache expression. When assessed in vitro, proline did not promote significant changes in AChE activity. Altogether, these data indicate that the enzyme responsible for the control of acetylcholine levels might be altered after proline exposure in adult zebrafish. These findings contribute for better understanding the pathophysiology of hyperprolinemia and might reinforce the use of the zebrafish as a complementary vertebrate model for studying inborn errors of amino acid metabolism.
    Neuroscience 07/2013; · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Na+,K+-ATPase is a membrane protein which plays a key role in the maintenance of ion homeostasis that is necessary to neuronal excitability, secondary transport and neurotransmitter uptake. Mild hyperhomocysteinemia leads to several clinical manifestations and particularly cerebral diseases; however, little is known about the mechanisms of homocysteine on cerebral Na+,K+-ATPase. In the present study, we investigated the effect of mild hyperhomocysteinemia on the activity, the immunocontent of catalytic subunits (α 1, α 2, and α 3) and the gene expression of this enzyme. We used the experimental model of mild hyperhomocysteinemia that was induced by homocysteine administration (0.03 μmol/g of body weight) twice a day, from the 30th to the 60th postpartum day. Controls received saline in the same volumes. Results showed that mild hyperhomocysteinemia significantly decreased the activity and the immunocontent of the α 1 and α 2 subunits of the Na+,K+-ATPase in cerebral cortex and hippocampus of adult rats. On the other hand, we did not observe any change in levels of Na+,K+-ATPase mRNA transcripts in such cerebral structures of rats after chronic exposure to homocysteine. The present findings support that the homocysteine modulates the Na+,K+-ATPase and this could be associated, at least in part, with the risk to the development of cerebral diseases in individuals with mild hyperhomocysteinemia.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 03/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim The effects of physical exercise on oxidative stress parameters and NF-кβ/p65 in lung of rats submitted to lung injury, as well as its possible protective effect on the changes in the alveolar-capillary barrier (total cell count, lactate dehydrogenase and total protein) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and the inflammatory infiltration in the pulmonary parenchyma were evaluated. Main methods Wistar rats were submitted to two months of physical exercise and after this period, lung injury was induced by intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide. Twelve hours after injury, the animals were sacrificed and lung and BALF were collected. Key findings Results showed an increase in reactive species production, lipid peroxidation, oxidative damage to protein, as well as in nitrite levels and NF-кβ/p65 in lung of rats submitted to lung injury. Physical exercise was able to totally prevent the increase in reactive species, nitrite levels and NF-кβ/p65, but partially prevented the damage to protein. Superoxide dismutase and catalase were not changed in lung injury group, but the activities of these enzymes were increased in lung injury plus exercise group. Non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity, glutathione content and glutathione peroxidase were decreased and exercise totally prevented such effects. Rats subjected to lung injury presented an increase in total cell, lactate dehydrogenase and total protein; exercise partially prevented the increase in lactate dehydrogenase. Significance These findings suggest that physical exercise may prevent, at least partially, the oxidative damage caused by experimental lung injury, suggesting that exercise may have an important role as protector in this condition.
    Life sciences 01/2013; · 2.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since homocysteine (Hcy) is considered a risk factor to cerebral diseases and adenine nucleotides are important molecules to brain normal function, in the present study we investigated the effect of chronic mild hyperhomocysteinemia on ectonucleotidase activities and expression in rat cerebral cortex. The levels of ATP, ADP, AMP and adenosine (Ado) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of adult rats also were evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography. For the chronic chemically induced mild hyperhomocysteinemia, Hcy (0.03μmol/g of body weight) was administered subcutaneously from the 30th to the 60th day of life. Control rats received saline solution in the same volumes. Results showed that Hcy significantly decreased nucleotide hydrolysis in the synaptosomal fraction and increased E-NTPDase1 and ecto-5'-nucleotidase transcripts in rat cerebral cortex. ATP levels were significantly increased, while Ado decreased in CSF of Hcy-treated rats. These findings suggest that the unbalance in ATP and Ado levels may be, at last in part, involved in the cerebral toxicity of mild hyperhomocysteinemia.
    Neuroscience 08/2012; 223:28-34. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hyperprolinemia is an inherited disorder of proline metabolism and hyperprolinemic patients can present neurological manifestations, such as seizures cognitive dysfunctions, and psychotic disorders. However, the underlying mechanisms of these symptoms are still unclear. Since adenine nucleotides play crucial roles in neurotransmission and neuromodulation, we evaluated the in vivo and in vitro effects of proline on ectonucleotidase activities and gene expression in zebrafish brain. For the in vivo studies, animals were exposed at two proline concentrations (1.5 and 3.0 mM) during 1 h or 7 days (short- or long-term treatments, respectively). For the in vitro assays, different proline concentrations (ranging from 3.0 to 1000 μM) were tested. Short-term proline exposure did not promote significant changes on the ectonucleotidase activities and gene expression. Long-term proline exposure significantly increased ATP catabolism in both concentrations tested (14 % and 22 %, respectively), whereas ADP and AMP hydrolysis were increased only at 3.0 mM proline (21 % and 17 %, respectively) when compared to control. Moreover, the relative gene expression of enpd3 increased in both treated groups after long-term proline, whereas enptd1 increased only at 3.0 mM proline. Proline in vitro did not promote significant changes on ectonucleotidase activities. Altogether, these data indicate that the enzymes responsible for the control of extracellular nucleotides levels might be altered after proline exposure in zebrafish, contributing to better understand the pathophysiology of this disease. Moreover, such findings might facilitate the use of the zebrafish as a complementary vertebrate model for studying inborn errors of amino acid metabolism.
    Metabolic Brain Disease 06/2012; · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hyperprolinemia is an inherited disorder of proline metabolism and patients affected by this disease may present neurological manifestations, including seizures and cognitive dysfunctions. Moreover, an association between adulthood schizoaffective disorders and moderate hyperprolinemia has been reported. However, the mechanisms underlying these behavioral phenotypes still remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effect of proline treatments on behavioral parameters in zebrafish, such as locomotor activity, anxiety, and social interaction. Adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to proline (1.5 and 3.0 mM) during 1h or 7 days (short- or long-term treatments, respectively). Short-term proline exposure did not promote significant changes on the behavioral parameters observed. Long-term exposure at 1.5 mM proline significantly increased the number of line crossing (47%), the total distance (29%), and the mean speed (33%) when compared to control group. A significant increase in the time spent in the upper portion of the test tank was also observed after this treatment (91%), which may be interpreted as an indicator of anxiolytic behavior. Proline at 1.5 mM also induced social interaction impairment (78%), when compared to the untreated group after long-term treatment. Moreover, these proline-induced behavioral changes in zebrafish were completely reversed by acute administration of an atypical antipsychotic drug (sulpiride), but not by a typical (haloperidol). These findings demonstrate that proline is able to induce schizophrenia-like symptoms in zebrafish, which reinforce the use of this species as a complementary vertebrate model for studying behavioral phenotypes associated with neurological dysfunctions characteristic of metabolic diseases.
    Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 03/2012; 36(2):258-63. · 3.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hypermethioninemic patients exhibit a variable degree of neurological dysfunction. However, the mechanisms involved in these alterations have not been completely clarified. Cholinergic system has been implicated in many physiological processes, including cognitive performances, as learning, and memory. Parameters of cholinergic signaling have already been characterized in zebrafish brain. Since zebrafish is a small freshwater teleost which is a vertebrate model for modeling behavioral and functional parameters related to human pathogenesis and for clinical treatment screenings, in the present study we investigated the effects of short- and long-term methionine exposure on cognitive impairment, AChE activity and gene expression in zebrafish. For the studies, animals were exposed at two methionine concentrations (1.5 and 3.0 mM) during 1 h or 7 days (short- or long-term treatments, respectively). We observed a significant increase in AChE activity of zebrafish brain membranes after long-term methionine exposure at 3.0 mM. However, AChE gene expression decreased significantly in both concentrations tested after 7 days of treatment, suggesting that post-translational events are involved in the enhancement of AChE activity. Methionine treatment induces memory deficit in zebrafish after long-term exposure to this amino acid, which could be related, at least in part, with cognitive impairment observed in hypermethioninemia. Therefore, the results here presented raise a new perspective to use the zebrafish as a complementary vertebrate model for studying inborn errors of metabolism, which may help to better understand the pathophysiology of this disease.
    Neurochemical Research 03/2012; 37(7):1545-53. · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental disorder with a global prevalence of 1% and its etiology remains poorly understood. In the current study we investigated the influence of antipsychotic drugs on the effects of MK-801 administration, which is a drug that mimics biochemical changes observed in schizophrenia, on Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity and some parameters of oxidative stress in zebrafish brain. Our results showed that MK-801 treatment significantly decreased Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity, and all antipsychotics tested prevented such effects. Acute MK-801 treatment did not alter reactive oxygen/nitrogen species by 2'7'-dichlorofluorscein (H2DCF) oxidation assay, but increased the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), when compared with controls. Some antipsychotics such as sulpiride, olanzapine, and haloperidol prevented the increase of TBARS caused by MK-801. These findings indicate oxidative damage might be a mechanism involved in the decrease of Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity induced by MK-801. The parameters evaluated in this study had not yet been tested in this animal model using the MK-801, suggesting that zebrafish is an animal model that can contribute for providing information on potential treatments and disease characteristics.
    Journal of Neural Transmission 12/2011; 119(6):661-7. · 3.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) acts as a proinflammatory mediator. Adenosine, the final product of ATP breakdown, is an anti-inflammatory compound, acting mainly on adenosine A(2A) receptors. Considering that the kidney is an organ strongly affected during systemic inflammatory responses and that ectonucleotidases are responsible for the control of extracellular nucleotide and nucleoside levels, we examined the endotoxin-induced effects on ectonucleotidases in kidney membranes of mice, and whether CGS-21680 hydrochloride (3-[4-[2-[[6-amino-9-[(2R,3R,4S,5S)-5-(ethylcarbamoyl)-3,4-dihydroxy-oxolan-2-yl]purin-2-yl]amino]ethyl]phenyl]propanoic acid), a selective adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist, antagonizes the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced effects on nucleotide catabolism in kidney. Animals were injected intraperitoneally with 12 mg/kg LPS and/or 0.5mg/kg CGS-21680 or saline. Nucleotidase activities were determined in kidney membrane preparations and ATP metabolism was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay. Analysis of ectonucleotidase expression was carried out by semi-quantitative semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Exposure to endotoxemia promoted an increase in ATP and p-Nitrophenyl thymidine 5'-monophosphate (p-Nph-5'-TMP) hydrolysis, and a decrease in adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) hydrolysis. CGS-21680 treatment failed to reverse these changes. HPLC analysis indicated a decrease in extracellular ATP and adenosine levels in groups treated with LPS and LPS plus CGS-21680. The expression pattern of ectonucleotidases revealed an increase in Entpd3, Enpp2, and Enpp3 mRNA levels after LPS injection. These findings indicate that nucleotide and nucleoside availability in mouse kidney is altered at different stages of endotoxemia, in order to protect the integrity of this organ when exposed to systemic inflammation.
    European journal of pharmacology 11/2011; 674(2-3):422-9. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since mild hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebral diseases and extracellular nucleotides/nucleosides, which are controlled by the enzymatic action of ectonucleotidases, can induce an immune response, in the present study, we investigated the effect of chronic mild hyperhomocysteinemia on ectonucleotidase activities and expression in lymphocytes from mesenteric lymph nodes and serum of adult rats. For the chronic chemically induced mild hyperhomocysteinemia, Hcy (0.03 μmol/g of body weight) or saline (control) were administered subcutaneously from the 30th to the 60th day of life. Results showed that homocysteine significantly decreased ATP, ADP, and AMP hydrolysis in lymphocytes of adult rats. E-NTPDases transcriptions were not affected, while the ecto-5'-nucleotidase transcription was significantly decreased in mesenteric lymph nodes of hyperhomocysteinemic rats. ATP, ADP, and AMP hydrolysis were not affected by homocysteine in rat serum. Our findings suggest that Hcy in levels similar to considered risk factor to development of vascular diseases modulates the ectonucleotidases, which could lead to a pro-inflammatory status.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 11/2011; 362(1-2):187-94. · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Studies have shown that seizures in young animals lead to later cognitive deficits. There is evidence that long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) might contribute to the neural basis for learning and memory mechanism and might be modulated by ATP and/or its dephosphorylated product adenosine produced by a cascade of cell-surface transmembrane enzymes, such as E-NTPDases (ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases) and ecto-5'-nucleotidase. Thus, we have investigated if hippocampal ecto-nucleotidase activities are altered at different time periods after one episode of seizure induced by kainic acid (KA) in 7 days old rats. We also have evaluated if 90 day-old rats previously submitted to seizure induced by KA at 7 days of age presented cognitive impairment in Y-maze behavior task. Our results have shown memory impairment of adult rats (Postnatal day 90) previously submitted to one single seizure episode in neonatal period (Postnatal day 7), which is accompanied by an increased ATP hydrolysis in hippocampal synaptosomes. The metabolism of ATP evaluated by HPLC confirmed that ATP hydrolysis was faster in adult rats treated with KA in neonatal period than in controls. Surprisingly, the mRNA and protein levels as seen by PCR and Western blot, respectively, were not altered by the KA administration in early age. Since we have found an augmented hydrolysis of ATP and this nucleotide seems to be important to LTP induction, we could assume that impairment of memory and learning observed in adult rats which have experienced a convulsive episode in postnatal period may be a consequence of the increased ATP hydrolysis. These findings correlate the purinergic signaling to the cognitive deficits induced by neonatal seizures and contribute to a better understanding about the mechanisms of seizure-induced memory dysfunction.
    Neuroscience 02/2011; 180:191-200. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) released during inflammation presents proinflammatory properties. Adenosine, produced by catabolism of ATP, is an anti-inflammatory compound. Considering the role of ATP and adenosine in inflammation and the importance of ectonucleotidases in the maintenance of their extracellular levels, we investigated the effect of a selective agonist of the adenosine A(2A) receptor (CGS-21680) on ectonucleotidase activities and gene expression patterns in lymphocytes from mice submitted to an endotoxemia model. Animals were injected intraperitoneally with 12mg/kg Lipopolyssacharide (LPS) and/or 0.5mg/kg CGS-21680 or saline. Nucleotidase activities were determined in lymphocytes from mesenteric lymph nodes and analysis of ectonucleotidase expression was carried out by a semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. Exposure to endotoxemia promoted an increase in nucleotide hydrolysis. When CGS-21680 was administered concomitantly with LPS, this increase was prevented for ATP, adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP), and p-Nitrophenyl thymidine 5'-monophosphate (p-Nph-5'-TMP) hydrolysis. However, when CGS-21680 was administered 24h after LPS injection, the increase was not reversed. The expression pattern of ectonucleotidases was not altered between LPS and LPS plus CGS-21680 groups, indicating that the transcriptional control was not involved on the effect exerted for CGS-21680. These results showed an enhancement of extracellular nucleotide catabolism in lymphocytes after induction of endotoxemia, which was prevented, but not reversed by CGS-21680 administration. These findings suggest that the control of nucleotide and nucleoside levels exerted by CGS-21680 could contribute to the modulation of the inflammatory process promoted by adenosine A(2A) agonists.
    European journal of pharmacology 01/2011; 651(1-3):212-7. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Platelets play a critical role in homeostasis and blood clotting at sites of vascular injury, and also in various ways in innate immunity and inflammation. Platelets are one of the first cells to accumulate at an injured site, and local release of their secretome at some point initiate an inflammatory cascade that attracts leukocytes, activates target cells, stimulates vessel growth and repair. The level of exogenous ATP in the body may be increased in various inflammatory and shock conditions, primarily as a consequence of nucleotide release from platelets, endothelium and blood vessel cells. An increase of ATP release has been described during inflammation and this compound presents proinflammatory properties. ADP is a nucleotide known to induce changes in platelets shape and aggregation, to promote the exposure of fibrinogen-binding sites and to inhibit the stimulation of adenylate cyclase. Adenosine, the final product of the nucleotide hydrolysis, is a vasodilator and an inhibitor of platelet aggregation. There is a group of ecto-enzymes responsible for extracellular nucleotide hydrolysis named ectonucleotidases, which includes the NTPDase (nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase) family, the NPP (nucleoside pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase) family and an ecto-5'-nucleotidase. Therefore, we have aimed to investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide endotoxin from Escherichia coli on ectonucleotidases in platelets from adult rats in order to better understand the role of extracellular adenine nucleotides and nucleosides in the maintenance of blood homeostasis in inflammatory processes. LPS administered in vitro was not able to alter the ATP, ADP, AMP and rho-Nph-5'-TMP hydrolysis of platelets from untreated rats in all concentrations tested (25-100 microg/ml). There was a significant decrease in ATP, ADP, AMP and rho-Nph-5'-TMP hydrolysis in rat platelets after 48 hours of LPS exposure (2 mg/Kg, i.p.). ATP and ADP hydrolysis has been reduced about 28% whereas it has been observed a significant 30% and 26% decrease on AMP and rho-Nph-5'-TMP hydrolysis. Platelet aggregation and platelet number have shown a significant decrease in LPS-treated rats (40% and 55%, respectively) when compared to control group. These results suggest that changes observed in platelet count and, consequently, in nucleotidase activities from circulatory system could alter extracellular nucleotide and nucleoside levels, which might modulate the inflammatory process.
    Platelets 04/2009; 20(2):83-9. · 2.24 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

40 Citations
44.41 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
      Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2009–2013
    • Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
      • Departamento de Bioquímica
      Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • 2009–2011
    • Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
      • Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular
      Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil