ABSTRACT: Changes in D(2) receptors during antidepressant therapy have been reported in patients with major depressive disorder using PET/SPET. The aim of this study was to evaluate modifications in D(2) receptors that might occur in patients affected by obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during serotonin reuptake sites inhibitors (SSRIs). To this purpose, we measured the in vivo binding of [(11)C]raclopride ([(11)C]Rac)in the brain of a group of OCD naïve patients before and after the repeated administration of the inhibitor SSRI fluvoxamine. Eight patients with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IVth edition diagnosis of OCD completed the study undergoing a PET scan and a complete clinical evaluation before and during treatment with fluvoxamine. Patients have been compared also with a group of nine age-matched normal volunteers. Fluvoxamine treatment significantly improved clinical symptoms and increased [(11)C]Rac binding potential (BP) in the basal ganglia of OCD patients (7.5+/-5.2, 6.9+/-6.9, and 9.9+/-9.3% in dorsal caudate, dorsal putamen, and ventral basal ganglia, respectively; p<0.01) to values closer to those observed in the group of normal subjects. Chronic treatment with fluvoxamine induces a slight but significant increase in striatal [(11)C]Rac BP of previously drug-naïve OCD patients. The modifications in D(2) receptor availability might be secondary to fluvoxamine effects on serotoninergic activity.
Neuropsychopharmacology 01/2007; 32(1):197-205. · 7.99 Impact Factor