ABSTRACT: Aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been implicated in oncogenesis of various tumors and primary cutaneous T cell lymphomas. Dicer, a ribonuclease III-like enzyme is essential for miRNA processing.
We initiated a retrospective study to characterize the alterations in the expression profile of Dicer in patients with primary cutaneous T cell lymphomas (CTCL).
A total of 50 consecutive patients with primary CTCL were studied, with the majority having mycosis fungoides (n=34). Five patients had primary cutaneous CD 30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma, four patients each had lymphomatoid papulosis and primary cutaneous CD4-positive small/medium T-cell lymphoma, one primary cutaneous γδ T cell lymphoma, one Sézary syndrome and another subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma of αβ-phenotype. Immunohistochemistry was performed on paraffin sections using a commercially available antibody against Dicer. Intensity of expression was correlated with clinical parameters including disease specific survival (DSS) and time to progression (TTP).
After a median follow-up of 74 months (range: 1-271), 12/50 patients (24%) have died. Univariate and multivariate analysis for disease-specific survival showed Dicer expression and stage as a negative predictive factor in the sole group of MF patients (n=34) as well as in the heterogeneous group of patients (n=50), but not gender, histological subtype, primary localization of disease, age and recurrence of lymphoma (p>0.05).
Our data suggest Dicer expression as a possible molecular marker in patients with MF and apparently indicate that miRNA(s) might be of clinical relevance in CTCL.
Journal of dermatological science 09/2011; 64(3):185-90. · 3.71 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Radioimmunotherapy using (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan has predominantly been used in patients with follicular lymphoma, but little is known about its activity in patients with extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of the mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT). A total of six patients progressing/relapsing following conventional therapy for MALT lymphoma were treated with (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan at our institution. Two patients had gastric MALT lymphoma, one suffered from orbital MALT lymphoma, and two had cutaneous MALT lymphoma, while one patient had a widely disseminated lymphoma involving the stomach, lungs, lymph nodes, and salivary glands. All patients were at least in third relapse following various forms of therapy including Helicobacter pylori-eradication, radiation, chemotherapy, and application of rituximab. Following two doses of rituximab at 250 mg/m(2) at an interval of 1 week, (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan was given immediately at a dose of 0.4 mCi/kg body weight. Treatment was well tolerated apart from one episode of pneumonia requiring hospitalization. Four patients developed a complete remission (ongoing now for 4, 16, 23, and 24 months), one patient had a partial response lasting for 5 months, and one patient had stable disease for 13 months. After a follow-up of 9-29 months, all patients are alive. Application of (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan is active and safe in heavily pretreated patients with MALT lymphoma.
Leukemia & lymphoma 01/2011; 52(1):42-5. · 2.40 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: A recent series from Italy has suggested a pathogenic link between hepatitis C virus and MALT lymphoma of the ocular adnexa. The hypothesis of our study was to prove this concept in Austrian patients with MALT lymphoma of the ocular adnexa.
A total of 45 patients presenting with MALT lymphoma of the ocular adnexa were assessed for the presence of infection with hepatitis A, B and C. Furthermore, extensive staging to evaluate the extent of disease along with analysis of Helicobacter pylori-infection, the presence or absence of autoimmune diseases (AD) and assessment of MALT-lymphoma specific genetic changes was performed.
Only 2/45 (4%) patients were tested positive for hepatitis C, while 10/45 (22%) had an underlying AD and 15/39 (38%) had HP infection. Chromosomal aberrations were detected in 19 (54%) of 35 patients analyzed. Disseminated disease was a significant risk factor for relapse (p=0.014).
Our series suggests that infection with hepatitis C is not a significant contributor to the pathogenesis of ocular adnexal MALT lymphoma in the Austrian population, while a substantial proportion of these patients suffer from autoimmune conditions.
Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) 11/2007; 47(3):355-9. · 2.27 Impact Factor