Leonardo A. Pachon

University of Antioquia, Antioquia, Departamento de Antioquia, Colombia

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Publications (25)64.56 Total impact

  • Leonardo A. Pachon, Paul Brumer
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    ABSTRACT: Determining the spectral density of a molecular system immersed in a proteomic scaffold and in contact to a solvent is a fundamental challenge in the coarse-grained description of, e.g., electron and energy transfer dynamics. Once the spectral density is characterized, all the time scales are captured and no artificial separation between fast and slow processes need be invoked. Based on the fluorescence Stokes shift function, we utilize a simple and robust strategy to extract the spectral density of a number of molecular complexes from available experimental data. Specifically, we show that experimental data for dye molecules in several solvents, amino acid proteins in water, and some photochemical systems (e.g., rhodopsin and green fluorescence proteins), are well described by a three-parameter family of sub-Ohmic spectral densities that are characterized by a fast initial Gaussian-like decay followed by a slow algebraic-like decay rate at long times.
    10/2014;
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    Leonardo A. Pachon, Johan F. Triana, David Zueco, Paul Brumer
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    ABSTRACT: Contrary to the conventional wisdom that deviations from standard thermodynamics originate from the strong coupling to the bath, it is shown that these deviations are intimately linked to the power spectrum of the thermal bath. Specifically, it is shown that the lower bound of the dispersion of the total energy of the system, imposed by the uncertainty principle, is dominated by the bath power spectrum and therefore, quantum mechanics inhibits the system thermal-equilibrium-state from being described by the canonical Boltzmann's distribution. This is in sharp contrast to the classical case, for which the thermal equilibrium distribution of a system interacting via central forces with pairwise-self-interacting environment, irrespective of the interaction strength, is shown to be \emph{exactly} characterized by the canonical Boltzmann distribution. As a consequence of this analysis, we define an \emph{effective coupling} to the environment that depends on all energy scales in the system and reservoir interaction. Sample computations in regimes predicted by this effective coupling are demonstrated. For example, for the case of strong effective coupling, deviations from standard thermodynamics are present and, for the case of weak effective coupling, quantum features such as stationary entanglement are possible at high temperatures.
    01/2014;
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    Leonardo A Pachón, Paul Brumer
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    ABSTRACT: The ability of an environment to assist in one-photon phase control relies upon entanglement between the system and bath and on the breaking of the time reversal symmetry. Here, one-photon phase control is examined analytically and numerically in a model system, allowing an analysis of the relative strength of these contributions. Further, the significant role of non-Markovian dynamics and of moderate system-bath coupling in enhancing one-photon phase control is demonstrated, and an explicit role for quantum mechanics is noted in the existence of initial non-zero stationary coherences. Finally, desirable conditions are shown to be required to observe such environmentally assisted control, since the system will naturally equilibrate with its environment at longer times, ultimately resulting in the loss of phase control.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 10/2013; 139(16):164123. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A full-relativistic approach is used to compute the radius of the innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO), the Keplerian, frame-dragging, precession and oscillation frequencies of the radial and vertical motions of neutral test particles orbiting the equatorial plane of a magnetized neutron star. The space-time around the star is modelled by the six parametric solution derived by Pachon et al. It is shown that the inclusion of an intense magnetic field, such as the one of a neutron star, have non-negligible effects on the above physical quantities, and therefore, its inclusion is necessary in order to obtain a more accurate and realistic description of the physical processes occurring in the neighbourhood of this kind of objects such as the dynamics of accretion disk. The results discussed here also suggest that the consideration of strong magnetic fields may introduce non-negligible corrections in, e.g., the relativistic precession model and therefore on the predictions made on the mass of neutron stars.
    09/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Synchronization is an ubiquitous phenomenon occurring in social, biological and technological systems when the internal rhythms of a large number of units evolve coupled. This natural tendency towards dynamical consensus has spurred a large body of theoretical and experimental research during the last decades. The Kuramoto model constitutes the most studied and paradigmatic framework to study synchronization. In particular, it shows how synchronization shows up as a phase transition from a dynamically disordered state at some critical value for the coupling strength between the interacting units. The critical properties of the synchronization transition of this model have been widely studied and many variants of its formulations has been considered to address different physical realizations. However, the Kuramoto model has been only studied within the domain of classical dynamics, thus neglecting its applications for the study of quantum synchronization phenomena. Here we provide with the quantization of the Kuramoto model. Based on a system-bath approach and within the Feynman path-integral formalism, we derive the equations for the Kuramoto model by taking into account the first quantum fluctuations. We also analyze its critical properties being the main result the derivation of the value for the synchronization onset. This critical coupling turns up to increase its value as quantumness increases, as a consequence of the possibility of tunnelling that quantum fluctuations provide.
    09/2013;
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    Leonardo A Pachón, Li Yu, Paul Brumer
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    ABSTRACT: The underlying mechanisms for one photon phase control are revealed through a master equation approach. Specifically, two mechanisms are identified, one operating on the laser time scale and the other on the time scale of the system-bath interaction. The effects of the secular and non-secular Markovian approximations are carefully examined.
    Faraday Discussions 01/2013; 163:485-95. · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    Leonardo A. Pachon, Paul Brumer
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    ABSTRACT: Under natural conditions, excitation of biological molecules, which display non-unitary open system dynamics, occurs via incoherent processes such as temperature changes or irradiation by sunlight/moonlight. The dynamics of such processes is explored analytically in a non-Markovian generic model. Specifically, a system S in equilibrium with a thermal bath TB is subjected to an external incoherent perturbation BB (such as sunlight) or another thermal bath TB', which induces time evolution in (S+TB). Particular focus is on (i) the extent to which the resultant dynamics is coherent, and (ii) the role of "stationary coherences", established in the (S+TB) equilibration, in the response to the second incoherent perturbation. Results for systems with parameters analogous to those in light harvesting molecules in photosynthesis show that the resultant dynamical behaviour is incoherent beyond a very short response to the turn-on of the perturbation.
    Physical Review A 10/2012; 87(2). · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    Leonardo A. Pachón, Paul Brumer
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    ABSTRACT: We consider the general open system problem of a charged quantum oscillator confined in a harmonic trap, whose frequency can be arbitrarily modulated in time, that interacts with both an incoherent quantized (blackbody) radiation field and with an arbitrary coherent laser field. We assume that the oscillator is initially in thermodynamic equilibrium with its environment, a non-factorized initial density matrix of the system and the environment, and that at $t=0$ the modulation of the frequency, the coupling to the incoherent and the coherent radiation are switched on. The subsequent dynamics, induced by the presence of the blackbody radiation and the laser field, is studied in the framework of the influence functional approach. This approach allows incorporating, in \emph{analytic closed formulae}, the non-Markovian character of the oscillator-environment interaction at any temperature as well the non-Markovian character of the blackbody radiation and its zero-point fluctuations. Expressions for the time evolution of the covariance matrix elements of the quantum fluctuations and the reduced density-operator are obtained.
    07/2012;
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    Leonardo A Pachón, Paul Brumer
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    ABSTRACT: We examine computational techniques and methodologies currently in use to explore electronic excitation energy transfer in the context of light-harvesting complexes in photosynthetic antenna systems, and comment on some new insights into the underlying physics. Advantages and pitfalls of these methodologies are discussed, as are some physical insights into the photosynthetic dynamics. By combining results from molecular modelling of the complexes (structural description) with an effective non-equilibrium statistical description (time evolution), we identify some general features, regardless of the particular distribution in the protein scaffold, that are central to light-harvesting dynamics and, that could ultimately be related to the high efficiency of the overall process. Based on these general common features, some possible new directions in the field are discussed.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 06/2012; 14(29):10094-108. · 4.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Whether analytic exact vacuum(electrovacuum) solutions of the Einstein(Einstein-Maxwell) field equations can accurately describe or not the exterior spacetime of compact stars remains still an interesting open question in Relativistic Astrophysics. As an attempt to establish their level of accuracy, the radii of the Innermost Stable Circular Orbits (ISCOs) of test particles given by analytic exterior spacetime geometries have been compared with the ones given by numerical solutions for neutron stars (NSs) obeying a realistic equation of state (EoS). It has been so shown that the six-parametric solution of Pach\'on, Rueda, and Sanabria (2006) (hereafter PRS) is more accurate to describe the NS ISCO radii than other analytic models. We propose here an additional test of accuracy for analytic exterior geometries based on the comparison of orbital frequencies of neutral test particles. We compute the Keplerian, frame-dragging, as well as the precession and oscillation frequencies of the radial and vertical motions of neutral test particles for the Kerr and PRS geometries; then we compare them with the numerical values obtained by Morsink and Stella (1999) for realistic NSs. We identify the role of high-order multipole moments such as the mass quadrupole and current octupole in the determination of the orbital frequencies especially in the rapid rotation regime. The results of this work are relevant to cast a separatrix between black hole (BH) and NS signatures as well as probe the nuclear matter EoS and NS parameters from the Quasi-Periodic Oscillations (QPOs) observed in Low Mass X-Ray Binaries.
    The Astrophysical Journal 12/2011; 756(1). · 6.73 Impact Factor
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    Leonardo A. Pachon, Paul Brumer
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    ABSTRACT: The physical basis for observed long-lived electronic coherence in photosynthetic light-harvesting systems is identified using an analytically soluble model. Three physical features are found to be responsible for their long coherence lifetimes: i) the small energy gap between excitonic states, ii) the small ratio of the energy gap to the coupling between excitonic states, and iii) the fact that the molecular characteristics place the system in an effective low temperature regime, even at ambient conditions. Using this approach, we obtain decoherence times for a dimer model with FMO parameters of $\approx$ 160 fs at 77 K and $\approx$ 80 fs at 277 K. As such, significant oscillations are found to persist for 600 fs and 300 fs, respectively, in accord with the experiment and with previous computations. Similar good agreement is found for PC645 at room temperature, with oscillations persisting for 400 fs. The analytic expressions obtained provide direct insight into the parameter dependence of the decoherence time scales.
    07/2011;
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    Fernando Galve, Leonardo A Pachón, David Zueco
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    ABSTRACT: Decoherence due to contact with a hot environment typically restricts quantum phenomena to the low temperature limit, k_{B}T/ℏω≪1 (ℏω is the typical energy of the system). Here we report the existence of a nonequilibrium state for two coupled, parametrically driven, dissipative harmonic oscillators which, contrary to generalized intuition, has stationary entanglement at high temperatures. This clarifies the role of temperature and could lighten the burden on quantum experiments requiring delicate precooling setups.
    Physical Review Letters 10/2010; 105(18):180501. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    Leonardo A. Pachon, F. L. Dubeibe
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    ABSTRACT: We study the electromagnetic and gravitational fields of the proton and electron in terms of the Einstenian gravity via the introduction of an arbitrary Lande $g$-factor in the Kerr-Newman solution. We show that at length scales of the order of the reduced Compton wavelength, corrections from different values of the $g$-factor are not negligible and discuss the presence of general relativistic effects in highly ionized heavy atoms. On the other hand, since at the Compton-wavelength scale the gravitational field becomes spin dominated rather than mass dominated, we also point out the necessity of including angular momentum as a source of corrections to Newtonian gravity in the quantum description of gravity at this scale.
    Classical and Quantum Gravity 09/2010; 28. · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    T Dittrich, E A Gómez, L A Pachón
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    ABSTRACT: We present a comprehensive study of semiclassical phase-space propagation in the Wigner representation, emphasizing numerical applications, in particular as an initial-value representation. Two semiclassical approximation schemes are discussed. The propagator of the Wigner function based on van Vleck's approximation replaces the Liouville propagator by a quantum spot with an oscillatory pattern reflecting the interference between pairs of classical trajectories. Employing phase-space path integration instead, caustics in the quantum spot are resolved in terms of Airy functions. We apply both to two benchmark models of nonlinear molecular potentials, the Morse oscillator and the quartic double well, to test them in standard tasks such as computing autocorrelation functions and propagating coherent states. The performance of semiclassical Wigner propagation is very good even in the presence of marked quantum effects, e.g., in coherent tunneling and in propagating Schrodinger cat states, and of classical chaos in four-dimensional phase space. We suggest options for an effective numerical implementation of our method and for integrating it in Monte-Carlo-Metropolis algorithms suitable for high-dimensional systems.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 06/2010; 132(21):214102. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    Leonardo A. Pachon, Gert-Ludwig Ingold, Thomas Dittrich
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    ABSTRACT: The phase-space path-integral approach to the damped harmonic oscillator is analyzed beyond the Markovian approximation. It is found that pairs of nonclassical trajectories contribute to the path-integral representation of the Wigner propagating function. Due to the linearity of the problem, the sum coordinate of a pair still satisfies the classical equation of motion. Furthermore, it is shown that the broadening of the Wigner propagating function of the damped oscillator arises due to the time-nonlocal interaction mediated by the heat bath. Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, accepted for publication in Chemical Physics
    Chemical Physics 05/2010; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    Fernando Galve, Leonardo A. Pachon, David Zueco
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    ABSTRACT: We show the existence of an entangled nonequilibrium state at very high temperatures when two linearly coupled harmonic oscillators are parametrically driven and dissipate into two independent heat baths. This result has a twofold meaning: first, it fundamentally shifts the classical-quantum border to temperatures as high as our experimental ability allows us, and second, it can help increase by at least one order of magnitude the temperature at which current experimental setups are operated. Comment: accepted in Phys. Rev. Lett
    Physical Review Letters 02/2010; · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    Thomas Dittrich, Leonardo A Pachón
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    ABSTRACT: We study the relationship of the spectral form factor with quantum as well as classical probabilities to return. Defining a quantum return probability in phase space as a trace over the propagator of the Wigner function allows us to identify and resolve manifolds in phase space that contribute to the form factor. They can be associated with classical invariant manifolds such as periodic orbits, but also to nonclassical structures such as sets of midpoints between periodic points. In contrast to scars in wave functions, these features are not subject to the uncertainty relation and therefore need not show any smearing. They constitute important exceptions from a continuous convergence in the classical limit of the Wigner towards the Liouville propagator. We support our theory with numerical results for the quantum cat map and the harmonically driven quartic oscillator.
    Physical Review Letters 05/2009; 102(15):150401. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    F. L. Dubeibe, Leonardo A. Pachon, Jose D. Sanabria-Gomez
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    ABSTRACT: The existence of chaotic behavior for the geodesics of the test particles orbiting compact objects is a subject of much current research. Some years ago, Gu\'eron and Letelier [Phys. Rev. E \textbf{66}, 046611 (2002)] reported the existence of chaotic behavior for the geodesics of the test particles orbiting compact objects like black holes induced by specific values of the quadrupolar deformation of the source using as models the Erez--Rosen solution and the Kerr black hole deformed by an internal multipole term. In this work, we are interesting in the study of the dynamic behavior of geodesics around astrophysical objects with intrinsic quadrupolar deformation or nonisotropic stresses, which induces nonvanishing quadrupolar deformation for the nonrotating limit. For our purpose, we use the Tomimatsu-Sato spacetime [Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{29} 1344 (1972)] and its arbitrary deformed generalization obtained as the particular vacuum case of the five parametric solution of Manko et al [Phys. Rev. D 62, 044048 (2000)], characterizing the geodesic dynamics throughout the Poincar\'e sections method. In contrast to the results by Gu\'eron and Letelier we find chaotic motion for oblate deformations instead of prolate deformations. It opens the possibility that the particles forming the accretion disk around a large variety of different astrophysical bodies (nonprolate, e.g., neutron stars) could exhibit chaotic dynamics. We also conjecture that the existence of an arbitrary deformation parameter is necessary for the existence of chaotic dynamics. Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures
    Physical Review D 01/2007; 75(023008):1. · 4.69 Impact Factor
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    Guillermo Restrepo, Leonardo A. Pachon
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    ABSTRACT: We review different studies of the Periodic Law and the set of chemical elements from a mathematical point of view. This discussion covers the first attempts made in the 19th century up to the present day. Mathematics employed to study the periodic system includes number theory, information theory, order theory, set theory and topology. Each theory used shows that it is possible to provide the Periodic Law with a mathematical structure. We also show that it is possible to study the chemical elements taking advantage of their phenomenological properties, and that it is not always necessary to reduce the concept of chemical elements to the quantum atomic concept to be able to find interpretations for the Periodic Law. Finally, a connection is noted between the lengths of the periods of the Periodic Law and the philosophical Pythagorean doctrine.
    Foundations of Chemistry 12/2006;
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    Leonardo A. Pachon, Jorge A. Rueda, Jose D. Sanabria-Gomez
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    ABSTRACT: A new six-parametric, axisymmetric and asymptotically flat exact solution of Einstein-Maxwell field equations having reflection symmetry is presented. It has arbitrary physical parameters of mass, angular momentum, mass--quadrupole moment, current octupole moment, electric charge and magnetic dipole, so it can represent the exterior field of a rotating, deformed, magnetized and charged object; some properties of the closed-form analytic solution such as its multipolar structure, electromagnetic fields and singularities are also presented. In the vacuum case, this analytic solution is matched to some numerical interior solutions representing neutron stars, calculated by Berti & Stergioulas (Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 350, 1416 (2004)), imposing that the multipole moments be the same. As an independent test of accuracy of the solution to describe exterior fields of neutron stars, we present an extensive comparison of the radii of innermost stable circular orbits (ISCOs) obtained from Berti & Stergioulas numerical solutions, Kerr solution (Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 237 (1963)), Hartle & Thorne solution (Ap. J. 153, 807, (1968)), an analytic series expansion derived by Shibata & Sasaki (Phys. Rev. D. 58 104011 (1998)) and, our exact solution. We found that radii of ISCOs from our solution fits better than others with realistic numerical interior solutions.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 07/2006;

Publication Stats

138 Citations
64.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2013
    • University of Antioquia
      • Instituto de Física
      Antioquia, Departamento de Antioquia, Colombia
    • University of Toronto
      • Department of Chemistry
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2010
    • University of the Balearic Islands
      • Institute for Cross-Disciplinary Physics and Complex Systems (IFISC)
      Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain
  • 2006–2010
    • National University of Colombia
      • Departamento de Física (Bogotá)
      Bogotá, Bogota D.C., Colombia
    • University of Zulia
      Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, Venezuela
  • 2006–2007
    • Industrial University of Santander
      • School of Physics
      Bucaramanga, Departamento de Santander, Colombia