[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bright/Arid3a has been characterized both as an activator of immunoglobulin heavy-chain transcription and as a proto-oncogene. Although Bright expression is highly B lineage stage restricted in adult mice, its expression in the earliest identifiable hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) population suggests that Bright might have additional functions. We showed that >99% of Bright(-/-) embryos die at midgestation from failed hematopoiesis. Bright(-/-) embryonic day 12.5 (E12.5) fetal livers showed an increase in the expression of immature markers. Colony-forming assays indicated that the hematopoietic potential of Bright(-/-) mice is markedly reduced. Rare survivors of lethality, which were not compensated by the closely related paralogue Bright-derived protein (Bdp)/Arid3b, suffered HSC deficits in their bone marrow as well as B lineage-intrinsic developmental and functional deficiencies in their peripheries. These include a reduction in a natural antibody, B-1 responses to phosphocholine, and selective T-dependent impairment of IgG1 class switching. Our results place Bright/Arid3a on a select list of transcriptional regulators required to program both HSC and lineage-specific differentiation.
Molecular and cellular biology 03/2011; 31(5):1041-53. · 6.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Forkhead transcription factors are key participants in development and immune regulation. Here we demonstrate that absence of the gene encoding the forkhead transcription factor Foxp1 resulted in a profound defect in early B cell development. Foxp1 deficiency was associated with decreased expression of all B lineage genes in B220+ fetal liver cells as well as with a block in the transition from pro-B cell to pre-B cell involving diminished expression of recombination-activating genes 1 and 2. Foxp1 bound to the Erag enhancer and was involved in controlling variable-(diversity)-joining recombination of the gene encoding immunoglobulin heavy chain in a B cell lineage-specific way. Our results identify Foxp1 as an essential participant in the transcriptional regulatory network of B lymphopoiesis.