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    ABSTRACT: Different environment illuminations have a great impact on face detection. We present a solution based on face relighting technology. The basic idea is that there exists nine harmonic images that can be derived from a 3D model of a face, and by which we can estimate the illumination coefficient of any face sample. Using an illumination radio image, we can produce images under new lighting conditions. To detect the faces under certain lighting condition, we relight the original face samples to get more new faces under different kinds of possible lighting condition, and add them to the training set. Our experimental results on support vector machine (SVM) turns out that the relighting subspace is effective in face detection under various lighting conditions. Moreover, if we relight original face samples to the new samples under different illuminations, the collected example sets are multiplied. We use the expanded database to train an AdaBoost-based face detector and test it on the MIT+CMU frontal face test set. The experimental results show that the data collection can be efficiently speeded up by the proposed methods. The later experiment also verifies the generalization capability of the proposed method.
    Machine Learning and Cybernetics, 2004. Proceedings of 2004 International Conference on; 09/2004