ABSTRACT: In spite of a decrease of the prevalence of hepato-splenic schistosomiasis thanks to mass-treatment with Praziquentel from December 1994 till now (CNM - MSF - WHO - Health Provincial Director) of target-populations in Kratie Province, severe cases of portal hypertension are not exceptional (digestive bleedings, after rupture of oesophageal varices). Out of 106 cases of portal hypertension: alI patients have had clinical survey biological tests (liver function, haematology and serology). Most of them had ultrasonography (Aloka 55,500 Sound 3.5 MHz). Nearly half of the group of 153 patients has never had bleedings. More than 45 were not eligible for surgery for different reasons: severe anaemia (few possibilities for massive transfusion in Cambodia), serology (S. mekongi) + but also hepatitis B or C +, hepatic biological exams (hepatic insufficiency). So we decided for eleven of them to use a surgical decompression procedure in order to decrease portal hypertension and the porto-systemic gradient. After defining portal hypertension, specific clinical features of portal hypertension (secondary to Schistosomiasis) the authors report eleven cases who were operated on (2000-2002): 4 mesenterico-cave shunt with interposition of a graft (Drapanas' procedure), 1 operation of HASSAB (after splenectomy), 6 proximal spleno-renal diversion (after splenectomy). After studying the results of the eleven patients, discussion with other surgical procedures, particularly endoscopic procedures is developed. The follow-up of these patients during at least five years is mandatory to give guidelines for post-systemic shunts to prevent rebleeding (near other methods). Treated too late, schistosomiasis has no benefit from drugs (Praziquentel). After a mean period of forty two months, the following results are: mortality: one case (10 days after operation): hepatic insufficiency (group Child B/C). morbidity: one occlusion of the small intestine, after 4 months (debridment), operated at the Provincial hospital of Kratie (case no1). Ten patients resume work, family and social life between Kratie and Sambor in 2002. No rebleeding. No encephalopathy.
Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique 01/2007; 99(5):365-71.