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ABSTRACT: Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways, in which inflammation causes bronchial hyper-responsiveness and flow limitation in the presence of various stimuli. Pulmonary function in asthmatic patients frequently deteriorates between midnight and early morning, which has suggested a role for chronotherapy. Although relationships between bronchial asthma and the function of clock genes remain unclear, some medications given for asthma such as glucocorticoids or beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonists may influence clock genes in vivo. In our studies of clock gene mRNA expressions in human bronchial epithelial cells in vitro and peripheral blood cells in vivo, we demonstrated that glucocorticoid or beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonist treatment strongly induced human Per1 mRNA expression both in vitro and in vivo. Human peripheral blood cells provide a useful indication of peripheral clock gene mRNA expression in vivo.
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 03/2007; 103(2):144-9. · 2.11 Impact Factor