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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to examine the usefulness of neoadjuvant intraarterial chemotherapy (NAC) using nedaplatin as key drug to improve the prognosis in case of advanced cervical cancer. Twenty-five cases of advanced cervical cancer (15 cases of stage II with high risks, 10 of stage III, referred to as the 254-S group) treated by NAC using nedaplatin, mitomycin C and peplomycin were compared with 30 cases (22 cases of stage II with high risks, 8 of stage III, referred to as the CDDP group) treated using cisplatin and mitomycin C which is the conventional regimen, in terms of measurable response, pathological response, rate of lymph node metastasis, cumulative survival rate, side effects and relapse style. According to the evaluation by measurable responses, the response rate was 90% (CR 52%) in the 254-S group and 75% (CR 15%) in the CDDP group. For pathological response of the specimen, the CR rate was 16% in the 254-S group and 23% in the CDDP group. The rate of lymph node metastasis extracted surgically was 33% and 41%, respectively. The cumulative survival rate in the 254-S group was about 10% better than in the CDDP group, but no significant difference was found. Leucopenia of both groups was of the same grade. In the 254-S group, although thrombocytopenia was more critical than in the CDDP group, there was a slight tendency to kidney toxicity. The locoregional recurrence rate was 12% in the 254-S group and 30% in the CDDP group. The distant metastasis rate was 16% and 27%, respectively. Although neoadjuvant intraarterial chemotherapy using nedaplatin as a key drug was useful to improve the prognosis of advanced cervical cancer, measures against recurrence outside the pelvis and individualization of medical treatment were considered to lead to a further improvement of the prognosis.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 04/2003; 30(3):377-82.