ABSTRACT: The prognosis for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with progressive liver cirrhosis or extrahepatic metastases remains dismal. We report a case of HCC with liver cirrhosis and lung metastases who had been treated successfully by combination chemotherapy of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha). A 67-year-old male with a history of hepatitis C, liver cirrhosis and HCC was hospitalized because of cough and dyspnea. Computed tomography (CT) of chest revealed multiple lung metastases. Systemic combination chemotherapy with 5-FU and IFN-alpha was begun, and lung metastases disappeared after one course of treatment. He died of liver failure one year later, but no recurrence of lung metastases was seen. Although systemic combination chemotherapy of 5-FU and IFN-alpha induced the bone marrow suppression, it was effective for lung metastases and palliates symptoms and signs in our case of HCC.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 01/2007; 33(13):2083-6.