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ABSTRACT: We describe two cases of intracoronary vascular brachytherapy where bivalirudin (Angiomax), employed as an anticoagulant, led to abrupt vessel closure or threatened abrupt closure. Use of bivalirudin (Angiomax) during intracoronary brachytherapy may predispose to the formation of intracoronary thrombus, related to the reversible binding kinetics of the bivalirudin to thrombin, and resulting in recovery of thrombin functional activity during periods of prolonged stasis that occur during intracoronary brachytherapy. Intracoronary abciximab administration may be a useful strategy in resolving the acute closure, since abciximab administered early during the formation of thrombus has been shown to facilitate clot lysis.
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 04/2003; 8(1):9-15. DOI:10.1177/107424840300800i103 · 3.07 Impact Factor