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Publications (4)17.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: SELDI-TOF MS analysis of cyst fluids identified 95 peaks that discriminate malignant, borderline, and benign ovarian tumors. Three prominent peaks, which correspond to calgranulin A (m/z 10847) and two isoforms of calgranulin B (m/z 12717 and 13294), have higher concentrations in borderline and malignant cyst fluids. Together, calgranulin A and B distinguish borderline and malignant tumors from benign tumors with 28.6% and 63.6% sensitivity for early stage disease, respectively, at 95% specificity and with 74.8% accuracy. Ovarian cyst fluids are useful for discovering discriminatory biomarkers, such as calgranulin, which may have utility for detecting, diagnosing, and biochemically classifying ovarian tumors.
    Cancer Investigation 08/2013; 31(7):433-53. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SELDI-TOF MS analysis of ovarian cyst fluids revealed that peaks m/z 8696 and 8825 discriminate malignant, borderline, and benign tumors. These peaks correspond to isoforms of apoA2. ELISA demonstrates that apoA1, A2, B, C2, C3, and E cyst fluid concentrations are uncorrelated and higher in malignant ovarian tumors, but only apoA2, apoE, and age are independent classifiers of malignant ovarian tumors, yielding 55.1% sensitivity, 95% specificity, and 88.1% accuracy to discern malignant from benign and borderline tumors. These data suggest that lipoprotein metabolism is dysregulated in ovarian cancer and that apoA2 and apoE warrant further investigation as ovarian tumor biomarkers.
    Cancer Investigation 05/2013; 31(4):258-72. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although trastuzumab (Herceptin) is an important advance in the treatment of breast cancer, a significant proportion of patients do not respond to trastuzumab either alone or in combination with chemotherapy. In this study, we observe that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER3 expression is substantially increased after long-term trastuzumab exposure of HER2-positive breast carcinoma-derived cell lines that show primary resistance to trastuzumab. Furthermore, long-term trastuzumab exposure of trastuzumab-resistant cell lines induces de novo sensitivity to the EGFR-targeted agents gefitinib or cetuximab in two of three cell lines accompanied by increased EGFR expression. Together, these results indicate that primary trastuzumab resistance is not synonymous with lack of responsiveness to trastuzumab and, importantly, suggest that trastuzumab priming may sensitize trastuzumab-resistant tumors to other HER family-directed therapeutics.
    Cancer Research 04/2009; 69(6):2191-4. · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The quinazoline based alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists doxazosin and terazosin suppress prostate tumor growth via the induction of apoptosis and decrease in tissue vascularity. To assess the effect of alpha1-blocker exposure on the incidence of prostate cancer we performed an exploratory, observational cohort study. The medical records of all male patients enrolled at Lexington Veterans Affairs Medical Center were searched to identify men treated with quinazoline based alpha1-adrenoreceptor antagonists between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2002 for hypertension and/or benign prostatic enlargement. Medical records were subsequently linked to the Markey Cancer Center Kentucky Cancer Registry, a statewide population based central cancer registry that is part of the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program, to identify all incident prostate cancer cases diagnosed. All newly diagnosed prostate cancer cases unexposed to alpha1-adrenoreceptor antagonists in the total male Veterans Affairs population during this period were also identified from the Kentucky Cancer Registry database. Measures of disease incidence, relative risk and attributable risk were calculated to compare the risk of prostate cancer in alpha1-blocker exposed vs unexposed men. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression models were used to compare overall survival between alpha1-blocker exposed and unexposed prostate cancer cases. Our analysis revealed a cumulative incidence of 1.65% in alpha1-blocker exposed men compared to 2.41% in the unexposed group. These data yielded an unadjusted RR of 0.683 (95% CI 0.532, 0.876) and a risk difference of -0.0076, indicating that 7.6 fewer prostate cancer cases developed per 1,000 exposed men. Thus, exposure to quinazoline alpha1-blockers may have prevented 32 prostate cancer cases among the 4,070 treated men during the study period. Therefore, men exposed to quinazoline alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists were at 1.46 times lower RR and 31.7% lower attributable risk for prostate cancer than unexposed men. There was no association between alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist exposure and overall survival. These data suggest that exposure to quinazoline based alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists significantly decreases the incidence of prostate cancer. This evidence suggests that the apoptotic and anti-angiogenic effects of these drugs may prevent the development of prostate cancer.
    The Journal of Urology 12/2007; 178(5):2176-80. · 3.75 Impact Factor