Khukhuu Altangerel

Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan

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Publications (7)12.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Anaplasma marginale is an etiologic agent of bovine anaplasmosis. This study aimed to molecularly detect and characterize A. marginale that is prevalent in Mongolian cattle populations. A highly specific and sensitive nested PCR (nPCR) method based on the Msp5 gene was developed to detect A. marginale (Msp5 nPCR). The method detected A. marginale from the positive DNA samples obtained from different countries, while no amplicons were observed from DNA samples of several other bovine blood pathogens tested. The detection limit of Msp5 nPCR was determined to be 2 copies/μl. The method was tested against field blood DNA samples prepared from 300 Mongolian cattle in 2010. Results indicated a prevalence rate of 8.7% (26 of 300). On the other hand, partial DNA fragments of an Anaplasma sp. closely related to A. ovis (with 95.0% identity) were detected using a different nPCR method based on groEL gene. The phylogenetic analyses based on the Msp5, groEL and 16S rRNA genes demonstrated that A. marginale isolates in Mongolia were not divergent from the isolates distributed in other countries. The present study successfully established a new nPCR assay that can detect A. marginale, and reported the first molecular detection and characterization of A. marginale and an Anaplasma sp. closely related to A. ovis in Mongolian cattle populations.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 11/2012; · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a molecular epidemiological study on Babesia bovis in Mongolia. Three hundred blood samples collected from cattle grazed in seven different districts were initially screened using a previously established diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the detection of B. bovis-specific DNA. Positive samples were then used to amplify and sequence the hyper-variable regions of three B. bovis genes encoding the merozoite surface antigen (MSA)-1, MSA-2b, and MSA-2c. The diagnostic PCR assay detected B. bovis among cattle populations of all districts surveyed (4.4-26.0%). Sequences of each of the three genes were highly homologous among the Mongolian isolates, and found in a single phylogenetic cluster. In particular, a separate branch was formed only by the Mongolian isolates in the MSA-2b gene-based phylogenetic tree. Our findings indicate that effective preventative and control strategies are essential to control B. bovis infection in Mongolian cattle populations, and suggest that a careful approach must be adopted when using immunization techniques.
    Veterinary Parasitology 03/2012; 184(2-4):309-16. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We developed a new nested PCR (nPCR) assay based on the Babesia bigemina apical membrane antigen-1 (AMA-1) gene sequence for parasite-specific detection. The primers were designed to amplify 738-bp and 211-bp fragments of the AMA-1 gene by primary and nested PCRs, respectively. The assay was proven to be specific for the B. bigemina, whereas the previously established SpeI-AvaI nPCR assay amplified not only the target fragment of B. bigemina but also a homologous one from Babesia ovata. The AMA-1 nPCR assay was also evaluated using field DNA samples extracted from 266 bovine blood samples collected from Mongolia in 2010. In a comparative evaluation, 90 (33.8%) and 25 (9.4%) of the blood samples showed positive reactions for B. bigemina by the SpeI-AvaI nPCR and AMA-1 nPCR assays, respectively. The sequencing analysis of the nPCR products confirmed that the AMA-1 nPCR method had specifically detected the target B. bigemina DNA. However, 4 different kinds of sequences were determined among the SpeI-AvaI nPCR amplicons. Two of them were derived from B. bigemina and B. ovata, while the origins of the others were unknown. In the current study, the presence of B. bigemina was clearly demonstrated among Mongolian cattle populations by the current nPCR assay for the first time. Furthermore, our findings also indicate that the AMA-1 nPCR assay may be a useful diagnostic tool for the specific detection of B. bigemina.
    Veterinary Parasitology 01/2012; 187(1-2):17-22. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here we report on an epidemiological study regarding the molecular prevalence of different genotypes of Theileria orientalis present among domestic cattle and water buffalo populations bred in Thailand. A phylogenetic analysis based on the parasitic gene encoding a major piroplasm surface protein revealed the presence of 5 genotypes (Types 1, 3, 5, 7, and N-3) in cattle and 7 genotypes (Types 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, N-2, and N-3) in water buffaloes. Types 4, 7, and N-3 of T. orientalis were reported for the first time in water buffaloes. The previously reported C and Thai types from Thailand clustered as types 7 and 6, respectively, in the present analysis. Great similarities were observed among nucleotide sequences of isolates of the same genotype from cattle and water buffaloes, and, therefore, water buffaloes were considered to serve as a reservoir for these genotypes of T. orientalis in Thailand. In conclusion, T. orientalis parasites circulating in Thailand are more diverse in their genetic characters than previously anticipated.
    Journal of Parasitology 06/2011; 97(6):1075-9. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A molecular epidemiological survey on Theileria orientalis was conducted in a cattle population of Fujian province in China. The screening polymerase chain reaction assay showed that 23 (45%) of 51 blood samples were positive for T. orientalis. DNA sequencing of the major piroplasm surface antigen-encoding gene indicated the presence of 3 different genotypes in the study area (types 1,2,and 5) and identified T.orientalis types 1 and 2 as the major genotypes in the sample population. Because type 2 (Ikeda type in Japan) has been recognized as a relatively virulent genotype of T. orientalis, control and preventive measures to minimize the incidence of infectious diseases among cattle bred in China are necessary.
    The Journal of protozoology research. 06/2011; 21(1):14-19.
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we have surveyed the presence of a bovine Theileria protozoan, Theileria orientalis, in Mongolian cattle and engorging tick populations from selected provinces and districts in Mongolia. The percentages of infection in the cattle and ticks ranged from 8.8 to 66.6 and from 3.7 to 73.3, respectively, on a per district basis. The genetic diversity of T. orientalis isolates was also studied, based on the protozoan gene encoding a major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP). At least five genotypes (types 1, 3, 5, 7, and N-3) of T. orientalis were found to be circulating among the Mongolian cattle and tick populations. In particular, types 3 and N-3 were common in most of the districts examined, while a strong geographical relationship among the genotypes was not detected in the present study. This is the first epidemiological report describing the presence of T. orientalis infection in Mongolian cattle.
    Veterinary Parasitology 05/2011; 182(2-4):343-8. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A truncated fragment of the gene encoding the 200-kDa protein (P200) of Babesia bigemina was cloned into a plasmid vector, pGEX-4 T-1 and expressed in Escherichia coli as a glutathione-S-transferase fused protein. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using the rp200/CT detected specific antibodies in cattle experimentally infected with B. bigemina. Furthermore, the antigen did not cross-react with antibodies to Babesia bovis, a closely related Babesia parasite indicating that rp200/CT is a specific antigen for the diagnosis of B. bigemina infection. Additionally, ELISA using p200/CT and polymerase chain reaction were conducted on serum and corresponding DNA samples obtained from field cattle to evaluate the diagnostic utility of the p200/CT antigen. Results from the current study suggest that p200/CT ELISA is a sensitive and specific method for improved serodiagnosis of B. bigemina infection.
    Parasitology Research 04/2009; 105(1):249-54. · 2.85 Impact Factor