ABSTRACT: The XPA gene-deficient mouse, an animal model of xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), develops enhanced photobiologic reactions including acute inflammation, immunosuppression and skin carcinogenesis, because of the defect in the excision repair of ultraviolet-induced DNA lesions. The results strongly suggest that nuclear DNA is an important chromophore to initiate acute and chronic skin damages. The model mouse is a useful experimental animal not only to investigate the mechanisms of photosensitivity in XP, but also to study physiological photobiology in humans, because photobiologic reactions are greatly intensified in this mouse.
Photochemistry and Photobiology 83(1):218-24. · 2.41 Impact Factor