Objectives: The efficacy of a concomitant oxaliplatin/bolus 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin regimen in 123 heavily pretreated patients with advanced colorectal cancer was evaluated. Patients with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to 2 and radiographically progressive cancer which failed to respond to between two and five prior treatment modalities were consented and enrolled. Methods: Patients received oxaliplatin on day 1 of weeks 1, 3, and 5 of an 8-week cycle. 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin was administered on day 1 of weeks 1 through 6. Results: Grade 3 to 4 toxicities were as follows: diarrhea 30%; vomiting 11%; hematologic <3%; peripheral neuropathy 2.5%. Of the 101 patients evaluable for response, 7% achieved a partial response (median duration 4.25 mo), 1 patient achieved a minor response (7 mo), and 31% had stable disease (median duration 6.08 mo). The median time to progression was 3.6 months. Conclusion: This regimen in heavily pretreated patients with disseminated colorectal cancer is of modest benefit, often at the expense of considerable gastrointestinal toxicity. It appears that the use of oxaliplatin/bolus 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin is more toxic than oxaliplatin/infusional 5-fluorouracil and possibly less effective.
Southern Medical Journal 09/2004; 97(9):831-835. DOI:10.1097/01.SMJ.0000129793.35088.5C