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ABSTRACT: Intensive livestock production and management systems are associated with increased fecal-oral pathogen transmission and a resultant high prevalence of multiple Salmonella serovars in many large dairy farms and feedlots. Thus, it is imperative to develop livestock vaccines that are capable of eliciting potent states of cross-protective immunity against a diversity of serovars of a given species. Immunization with modified live Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium vaccine strains, that lack the DNA adenine methylase (Dam), confers cross-protective immunity in murine and avian models of typhoid fever as well as in a bovine model of salmonellosis. Here we examined whether a dam mutant Typhimurium vaccine (serogroup B) has the capacity to elicit cross-protection against a virulent challenge with an emerging, clinically relevant, and multi-drug resistant strain of serovar Newport (serogroup C2-C3) that has been associated with clinical disease in recent salmonellosis outbreaks in calves. Vaccinated animals challenged with Newport exhibited a significant attenuation of clinical disease (improved attitude scores, increased daily weight gains and reduced fever and diarrhea) and a concomitant reduction in Newport fecal shedding and colonization of mesenteric lymph nodes and lungs compared to non-vaccinated control animals. The capacity to elicit cross-protective immunity in calves suggests that dam mutant vaccines have potential application toward the prevention and control of Salmonella infection in commercial livestock production systems wherein livestock are exposed to a diversity of Salmonella serovars.
Vaccine 04/2008; 26(14):1751-8. · 3.49 Impact Factor