ABSTRACT: Invasive fungal sinusitis is a rare but often fatal infection in immunocompromised patients. Aggressive antifungal treatment is mandatory, but is not without risk. Caspofungin, an antifungal agent that is a member of the echinocandin family, an inhibitor of glucan synthesis in the fungal wall, is active against Aspergillus and Candidae infections. Although it works on the fungal wall, it does not affect mammalian cells; hence, its toxicity is minimal.
This report describes a case of invasive Aspergillus sinusitis in a kidney transplant recipient with diabetes mellitus. The infection involved the apex of the right orbit causing optic nerve compression. The patient was treated with transnasal endoscopic decompression of the optic nerve and intravenous AmBisome (liposomal amphotericin B) for 2 weeks without clinical improvement. The combination of caspofungin and AmBisome administered for another 2 weeks yielded partial improvement. The AmBisome had to be discontinued due to deterioration of renal and hepatic function, but the patient completed a further 7-week course of caspofungin alone. Retro-orbital biopsy confirmed a complete response to treatment; the patient's renal and hepatic function returned to normal.
This case indicates that caspofungin is effective to treat invasive Aspergillus sinusitis in kidney transplant recipients. This agent is well tolerated and safe with respect to renal and hepatic function.
Transplantation Proceedings 10/2005; 37(7):3038-40. · 1.00 Impact Factor