[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is performed mainly in patients with high-risk or advanced hematologic malignancies and congenital or acquired aplastic anemias. In the context of the significant risk of graft failure after allo-HSCT from alternative donors and the risk of relapse in recipients transplanted for malignancy, the precise monitoring of posttransplant hematopoietic chimerism is of utmost interest. Useful molecular methods for chimerism quantification after allogeneic transplantation, aimed at distinguishing precisely between donor's and recipient's cells, are PCR-based analyses of polymorphic DNA markers. Such analyses can be performed regardless of donor's and recipient's sex. Additionally, in patients after sex-mismatched allo-HSCT, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) can be applied. METHODS: We compared different techniques for analysis of posttransplant chimerism, namely FISH and PCR-based molecular methods with automated detection of fluorescent products in an ALFExpress DNA Sequencer (Pharmacia) or ABI 310 Genetic Analyzer (PE). We used Spearman correlation test. RESULTS: We have found high correlation between results obtained from the PCR/ALF Express and PCR/ABI 310 Genetic Analyzer. Lower, but still positive correlations were found between results of FISH technique and results obtained using automated DNA sizing technology. CONCLUSIONS: All the methods applied enable a rapid and accurate detection of post-HSCT chimerism.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 15-year-old girl with Ph-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia in first chronic phase received bone marrow from her human leukocyte antigen matched brother. Twenty three months after bone marrow transplantation hematological relapse occured which was treated with two infusions of donor lymphocytes (DLI) (0.5x10(8) CD3/kg b.w./infusion). To enforce the graft-versus-leukemia effect (GvL), the first DLI was followed by administration of interferon-alpha (INF-alpha) 6x10(6) U/day for 30 days, whereas, after the second infusion INF-alpha was given at the same dose until hematological remission was achieved (80 doses). Minimal residual disease (MRD) was detected by conventional cytogenetics (Ph chromosome), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) cytogenetics (BCR/ABL translocation) and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) Ecotropic virus integration site-1 (EVI-1 gene expression), whereas cellular chimerism was monitored by assessment of microsatellite markers PCR and Y-chromosomal DNA content FISH. When hematological remission was achieved the pancytopenia was observed and the cytogenetic and molecular investigations revealed only partial remission and mixed chimerism, however, with predominance of donor origin hematopoiesis. To diminish the myelosupressive effect of donor CD3 cells without switching-off the GvL effect, a low dose of cyclosporine A was given. Further observation revealed significant improvement of hematopoiesis with parallel gradual decline of MRD and increase of donor hematopoiesis up to complete chimerism. Graft-versus-host disease was not observed at any stage of the treatment.
Leukemia Research 05/2001; 25(4):353-7. · 2.76 Impact Factor