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ABSTRACT: PSI-G is a subunit of photosystem I in eukaryotes. The function of PSI-G was characterized in Arabidopsis plants transformed with a psaG cDNA in antisense orientation. Several plants with significantly decreased PSI-G protein content were identified. Plants with reduced PSI-G content were indistinguishable from wild type when grown under optimal conditions, despite a 40% reduction of photosystem I. This decrease of photosystem I was correlated with a similar reduction in state transitions. Surprisingly, the reduced photosystem I content was compensated for by a more effective photosystem I because the light-dependent reduction of NADP(+) in vitro was 48% higher. Photosystem I antenna size determined from flash-induced P700 absorption changes did not reveal any significant effect on the size of the photosystem I antenna in the absence of PSI-G, whereas a 17% reduction was seen in the absence of PSI-K. However, nondenaturing green gels revealed that the interaction between photosystem I and the light-harvesting complex I was less stable in the absence of PSI-G. Thus, PSI-G plays a role in stabilizing the binding of the peripheral antenna. The increased activity in the absence of PSI-G suggests that PSI-G could have an important role in regulation of photosystem I.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2002; 277(4):2798-803. · 4.65 Impact Factor