[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lysolipids such as LPA, S1P and SPC have diverse biological activities including cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration. We investigated signaling pathways of LPA-induced contraction in feline esophageal smooth muscle cells. We used freshly isolated smooth muscle cells and permeabilized cells from cat esophagus to measure the length of cells. Maximal contraction occurred at 10(-6) M and the response peaked at 30s. To identify LPA receptor subtypes in cells, western blot analysis was performed with antibodies to LPA receptor subtypes. LPA1 and LPA3 receptor were detected at 50 kDa and 44 kDa. LPA-induced contraction was almost completely blocked by LPA receptor (1/3) antagonist KI16425. Pertussis toxin (PTX) inhibited the contraction induced by LPA, suggesting that the contraction is mediated by a PTX-sensitive G protein. Phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitors U73122 and neomycin, and protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor GF109203X also reduced the contraction. The PKC-mediated contraction may be isozyme-specific since only PKCε antibody inhibited the contraction. MEK inhibitor PD98059 and JNK inhibitor SP600125 blocked the contraction. However, there is no synergistic effect of PKC and MAPK on the LPA-induced contraction. In addition, RhoA inhibitor C3 exoenzyme and ROCK inhibitor Y27632 significantly, but not completely, reduced the contraction. The present study demonstrated that LPA-induced contraction seems to be mediated by LPA receptors (1/3), coupled to PTX-sensitive G protein, resulting in activation of PLC, PKC-ε pathway, which subsequently mediates activation of ERK and JNK. The data also suggest that RhoA/ROCK are involved in the LPA-induced contraction.
Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 04/2013; 17(2):139-47. · 1.00 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a potent bioactive phospholipid, mediates diverse cellular responses by binding to specific G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). We investigated the signaling mechanisms underlying LPA-induced COX-2 expression in primary cultures of feline esophageal epithelial cells. The identity of the cultures was confirmed by immunocytochemistry using a cytokeratin antibody. Western blot analysis revealed a concentration-and time-dependent induction of COX-2 in response to LPA. Of the three major MAPKs, only ERK1/2 was activated by LPA in a time-dependent manner. LPA-induced COX-2 expression was significantly attenuated by the MEK inhibitor, PD98059, but not by the JNK inhibitor, SP600125, or the p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB212090. LPA-induced COX-2 expression was repressed by pertussis toxin, GF109204X, and Ki16425, indicating the involvements of PTX-sensitive G(i/o) protein, PKC, and the LPA(1/3) receptor, respectively. Our data suggest that in esophageal epithelial cells, LPA-induced COX-2 expression requires activation of PKC and ERK1/2 downstream of the LPA(1/3) receptor, Understanding the regulation of COX-2 expression induced by LPA in esophageal epithelial cells might provide a new therapeutic strategy for esophageal inflammatory diseases.
Archives of Pharmacal Research 11/2008; 31(10):1331-8. · 1.54 Impact Factor