ABSTRACT: Glutamatergic dysfunction may be a pathophysiological feature in the brains of schizophrenic patients. In addition to glutamate receptors, excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) have received much attention because they directly affect glutamatergic neurotransmission by excluding excessive glutamate from the synaptic cleft. Among these, EAAT2 (also known as solute carrier family 1, member 2; SLC1A2) has been widely studied in schizophrenia pathophysiology. During the last decade, we reported significant decreases in EAAT2 mRNA expression in the prefrontal cortex and parahippocampal gyrus in postmortem schizophrenic brains. Previously, a haplotype association between SLC1A2 and Japanese patients with schizophrenia was reported. In this study, we reinvestigated the association between SLC1A2 and schizophrenia by performing a case-control association study with twice as many subjects (401 cases and 407 controls) as compared to a previous study, and especially focused on the region where a previous association with schizophrenia had been shown. Our current results failed to show any significant association with schizophrenia in individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), two- and three-SNP-based haplotypes, or with possible pairwise haplotype analysis. SCL1A2 appears not to be a genetic risk factor for schizophrenia.
Neuroscience Letters 09/2009; 463(3):223-7. · 2.11 Impact Factor