[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) herniorrhaphy has been recognized as a treatment option for inguinal hernia. The objective of this study was to clarify the learning curve for laparoscopic TEP herniorrhaphy using the moving average method.
A total of 90 patients underwent laparoscopic TEP herniorrhaphy by a single surgeon between March 2009 and March 2011. We analyzed medical records including the demographic data, operating time, hospital stay, and postoperative complications.
The mean operating time of the initial 30 cases (learning period group) was 66.3 minutes. After the initial 30 cases were performed, the time decreased to 52.8 minutes in the later 60 cases (experienced period group, P = 0.015). This represents the operating time becoming stabilized and then decreasing as the number of performed cases accumulates. Hospital stay was shorter and frequency of pain control, and complication rate were lower in the experienced period, however, there was no statistical significance.
We suggest that number of patients needed for the learning curve for laparoscopic TEP herniorrhaphy should be 30 cases. The operating time for laparoscopic TEP herniorrhaphy stabilizes after 40 cases in moving average analysis.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society. 08/2012; 83(2):92-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mesenteric pseudocyst is rare. This term is used to describe the abdominal cystic mass, without the origin of abdominal organ. We presented a case of mesenteric pseudocyst of the small bowel in a 70-year-old man. Esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy showed a 3.5 cm sized excavated lesion on the posterior wall of angle. Endocopic biopsy confirmed a histologic diagnosis of the poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, which includes the signet ring cell component. Abdominal computed tomography scan showed a focal mucosal enhancement in the posterior wall of angle of the stomach, a 2.4 cm sized enhancing mass on the distal small bowel loop, without distant metastases or ascites in rectal shelf, and multiple gallbladder stones. The patient underwent subtotal gastrectomy with gastroduodenostomy, segmental resection of the small bowel, and cholecystectomy. The final pathological diagnosis was mesenteric pseudocyst. This is the first case report describing incidentally detected mesenteric pseudocyst of the small bowel in gastric cancer patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of intermittent hepatic inflow occlusion (IHIO) during donor hepatectomy for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in recipients and donors, we performed a single-center, open-label, prospective, parallel, randomized controlled study. Adult donor-recipient pairs undergoing LDLT with right hemiliver grafts were randomized into IHIO and control groups (1:1). In the IHIO group, IHIO was performed during donor hepatectomy. The primary endpoint was the peak serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) concentration in the recipients within 5 days after the operation. Blood samples for measurements of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) were taken from the donors and the recipients during the operation and postoperatively. Biopsy samples for measurements of caspase-3 and malondialdehyde (MDA) were taken from the donors and the recipients. In all, 50 donor-recipient pairs (ie, 25 pairs in each group) completed this study. The mean peak serum ALT levels within 5 days after the operation did not differ in the recipients between the 2 groups (P = 0.32) but were higher in the donors of the IHIO group (P = 0.002). There were no differences in the prothrombin times or total bilirubin levels in the recipients or donors between the 2 groups. The amount of blood loss during donor hepatectomy was significantly lower in the IHIO group versus the control group (P = 0.02). The mean hospital stay for donors was 19.3 ± 7.2 days in the control group and 15.8 ± 4.6 days in the IHIO group (P = 0.046). There were no in-hospital deaths within 1 month and no cases of primary nonfunction or initially poor function in the 2 groups. The concentrations of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and HGF did not differ between the 2 groups, nor did the concentrations of caspase-3 and MDA. In conclusion, although we found differences in postoperative peak serum ALT levels in donors, donor hepatectomy with IHIO for LDLT using a right hemiliver graft with a graft-to-recipient body weight ratio > 0.9% and <30% steatosis can be a tolerable procedure for donors and recipients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old male, renal transplant recipient, was admitted with fever and chest discomfort. At admission, chest radiologic finding was negative and echocardiography showed minimal pericardial effusion. After 2 days of admission, chest pain worsened and blood pressure fell to 60/40 mmHg. Emergency echocardiography showed a large amount of pericardial effusion compressing the entire heart. Pericardiocentesis was performed immediately. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was isolated from pericardial fluid. Tuberculosis pericarditis should be considered as the cause of cardiac tamponade in renal transplant recipients, even with the absence of pericardial effusion in the initial study or suggestive history.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society. 06/2011; 80 Suppl 1:S40-2.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Little data is currently available on the usefulness of peak-standardized uptake value (P-SUV) by positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in gastric cancer. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the value of PET-CT for the preoperative evaluation of patients with gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the relation of between primary tumor P-SUV, as determined by preoperative PET-CT, and lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer.
From December 2007 to March 2010, we analyzed the PET-CT of 147 patients that underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer. P-SUV in PET-CT were measured by single nuclear medicine physician. Statistical analysis was performed to determine relations between clinicopathologic parameters including P-SUV and lymph node metastasis using the chi-square test, the independent t-test, and using logistic regression analysis.
Age, tumor depth, tumor size, and lymph node metastasis were found to be associated with primary tumor P-SUV by PET-CT (P=0.009, <0.001, <0.001, and <0.001, respectively). No association was found between P-SUV and tumor histology or tumor location (P=0.099). Advanced gastric cancer was found to have a higher P-SUV than early gastric cancer, and a higher P-SUV was found to be associated with lymph node metastases by both univariate and multivariate analysis.
P-SUV of primary tumor could be an independent indicator of lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer. Gastric surgeons should pay more attention to the dissection of lymph nodes when primary tumors have higher P-SUV values by PET-CT.
Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/2011; 104(5):530-3. · 2.64 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections contracted after liver transplantation put patients at an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. We analyzed the effects of CMV infection by time of onset, mortality, and graft failure risk factors in liver recipients who were CMV donor-positive/recipient-positive (D+/R+). We reviewed 618 medical records for consecutive adult liver transplant cases. CMV pp65 antigenemia assays to determine patient CMV status were administered monthly. The incidences of CMV infection and disease were 55.7% (344 of 618 records) and 5.5% (34 of 618 records), respectively. The differences in patient survival and graft failure rates for CMV-infected and CMV-uninfected patients were not significant (P = 0.707 and P = 0.973), but the rates were lower in patients with CMV disease than in CMV-uninfected patients (P = 0.005 and P = 0.030, respectively). The recurrence of hepatitis B virus and hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic dysfunction, infection, numerous pp65-staining cells, and CMV disease were found to be the risk factors for mortality and graft failure in CMV D+/R+ adult liver transplant patients. In conclusion, the occurrence of CMV disease, and not asymptomatic CMV infection, was a risk factor for mortality and graft failure in adult liver transplant recipients with CMV D+/R+.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The problem of graft size is one of the critical factors limiting the expansion of adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We compared the outcome of LDLT recipients who received grafts with a graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR) < 0.8% or a GRWR > or = 0.8%, and we analyzed the risk factors affecting graft survival after small-for-size grafts (SFSGs) were used. Between June 1997 and April 2008, 427 patients underwent LDLT with right lobe grafts at the Department of Surgery of Samsung Medical Center. Recipients were divided into 2 groups: group A with a GRWR < 0.8% (n = 35) and group B with a GRWR > or = 0.8% (n = 392). We retrospectively evaluated the recipient factors, donor factors, and operative factors through the medical records. Small-for-size dysfunction (SFSD) occurred in 2 of 35 patients (5.7%) in group A and in 14 of 392 patients (3.6%) in group B (P = 0.368). Graft survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were not different between the 2 groups (87.8%, 83.4%, and 74.1% versus 90.7%, 84.5%, and 79.4%, P = 0.852). However, when we analyzed risk factors within group A, donor age and middle hepatic vein tributary drainage were significant risk factors for graft survival according to univariate analysis (P = 0.042 and P = 0.038, respectively). Donor age was the only significant risk factor for poor graft survival according to multivariate analysis. The graft survival rates of recipients without SFSD tended to be higher than those of recipients with SFSD (85.3% versus 50.0%, P = 0.074). The graft survival rates of recipients with grafts from donors < 44 years old were significantly higher than those of recipients with grafts from donors > or = 44 years old (92.2% versus 53.6%, P = 0.005). In conclusion, an SFSG (GRWR < 0.8%) can be used safely in adult-to-adult right lobe LDLT when a recipient is receiving the graft from a donor younger than 44 years.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a hypervascular tumor, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in the regulation of tumor-associated angiogenesis. In this study, we analyzed the significance of the expression of VEGF family members on the prognosis and clinicopathologic progress of HCC.
Surgically resected specimens of HCC and noncancerous liver tissue were obtained from 323 patients with HCC, and VEGF mRNA was examined by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCRs). Patients who were seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen were selected for the analysis (n=208). The VEGF(tumor)/GAPDH (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase)(tumor)/VEGF(nontumor)/GAPDH(nontumor) ratio was calculated using a quantitative RT-PCR assay, and the relationships between the expressions of VEGF family members and clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed to evaluate their significance in the prognosis of HCC.
The disease-free survival was significantly worse in the high-VEGF-A group than in the low-VEGF-A group (P=0.035), whereas VEGF-A expression was not significantly related to overall survival (P=0.172). The factors significantly related to poor prognosis in univariate analysis were tumor size, portal vein invasion, microvascular thrombi, intrahepatic metastasis, tumor capsule invasion, liver capsule invasion, preoperative serum albumin level, and VEGF-A ratio. Multivariate analysis showed that a poor prognosis in HCC patients was significantly related to portal vein invasion (hazard ratio=3.381, P<0.001), intrahepatic metastasis (hazard ratio=2.379, P<0.001), tumor size (hazard ratio=1.834, P=0.003), and preoperative serum albumin level (hazard ratio=2.050, P=0.006).
Our study showed that the expression of VEGF-A is positively correlated with the recurrence rate of HCC after curative resection. Therefore, a high expression of VEGF-A might be predictive of HCC recurrence after curative resection.
The Korean Journal of Hepatology 06/2008; 14(2):185-96.