[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The most frequent epigenetic alterations in Wilms tumor (WT) occur at WT2, assigned to 11p15. WT2 consists of two domains: telomeric domain 1 (DMRH19) that contains the IGF2 gene and an imprinted maternally expressed transcript (H19) and centromeric domain 2 (KvDMR) that contains the genes KCNQ1, KCNQ1OT1 and CDKN1C. In this work, we used pyrosequencing and MS-MLPA to compare the methylation patterns of DMRH19/KvDMR in blood and tumor samples from 40 WT patients. Normal constitutional KvDMR methylation indicated that most of the epigenetic alterations in WT occur at DMRH19. Constitutional DMRH19 hypermethylation (HM DMRH19) was observed in two patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. Pyrosequencing and MS-MLPA showed HM DMRH19 in 28/34 tumor samples: 16/34 with isolated HM DMRH19 and 12/34 with concomitant HM DMRH19 and KvDMR hypomethylation, indicating paternal uniparental disomy. With the exception of one blood sample, the MS-MLPA and pyrosequencing findings were concordant. Diffuse or focal anaplasia was present in five tumor samples and was associated with isolated somatic HM DMRH19 in four of them. Constitutional 11p15 methylation abnormalities were present in 5% of the samples and somatic abnormalities in the majority of tumors. Combined analysis of DMRH19/KvDMR by pyrosequencing and MS-MLPA is beneficial for characterizing epigenetic anomalies in WT, and MS-MLPA is useful and reliable for estimation of DNA methylation in a clinical setting.
Genetics and Molecular Biology 12/2012; 35(4):714-24. · 0.74 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We studied a child with apparent monosomy of chromosome 21. Cytogenetic, FISH and microsatellite analyses revealed a 45,X,-21,+der(X)t(X;21)(q25;q21.1) karyotype resulting from a de novo, unbalanced, X;21 non-reciprocal translocation of paternal origin, with partial monosomy of chromosomes 21 and X. An extreme, skewed X-inactivation pattern of the der(X) chromosome was demonstrated. Skewed inactivation probably accounted for a mild phenotype with respect to Xq25-->qter deletion while propagation of inactivation to the adjacent 21q region may account for mild clinical features associated to distal 21q monosomy.
European journal of medical genetics 07/2008; 51(6):588-97. · 1.57 Impact Factor