ABSTRACT: Ewing tumor cell survival and proliferation depends on several autocrine loops. Targeting these loops is a promising therapeutic approach. We recently showed the cytostatic role of imatinib, an inhibitor of the SCF-KIT loop, on Ewing tumor cells, and in this study, we intend to analyze the inhibition of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF1R) loop.
We analyzed IGF1R blockade by ADW742, a small molecule specific for this receptor, alone and in combination with imatinib, vincristine, and doxorubicin on Ewing tumor cell lines. We studied the effect on proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, pathway phosphorylation, soft-agar growth, motility, and vascular endothelial growth factor expression levels.
Treatment with ADW742 induced down-regulation of IGF1R/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) phosphorylation, which was deeper in cell lines having higher IGF1R activation levels. Treatment also induced dose-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation (IC50 = 0.55-1.4 micromol/L), inducing a G1 phase blockage and apoptosis. Addition of imatinib to ADW742 synergistically augmented these effects and was especially effective in inhibiting AKT/mTOR phosphorylation and reducing vascular endothelial growth factor expression in cell lines having high IGF1R activation levels. Combination with usual chemotherapeutic agents vincristine and doxorubicin showed synergistic interactions.
Inhibition of Ewing tumor cell proliferation by ADW742 is mediated through blockade of IGF1R signaling. Combination of ADW742 with imatinib, vincristine, and doxorubicin induces a significant reduction of tumor cell growth, mainly by the increase in apoptosis with a pattern depending on IGF1R activation levels. This study supports a potential role for ADW742 in the treatment of Ewing tumor and AKT/mTOR as a possible surrogate marker of response to therapy.
Clinical Cancer Research 07/2006; 12(11 Pt 1):3532-40. · 7.74 Impact Factor