J Milone

Hospital Italiano La Plata, Eva Perón, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Publications (22)74.2 Total impact

  • Leukemia Research 05/2013; 37:S121-S122. DOI:10.1016/S0145-2126(13)70265-0 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dasatinib is a highly potent BCR-ABL inhibitor with established efficacy and safety in imatinib-resistant/-intolerant patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In the phase 3 DASISION trial, patients with newly diagnosed chronic-phase (CP) CML were randomized to receive dasatinib 100 mg (n = 259) or imatinib 400 mg (n = 260) once daily. Primary data showed superior efficacy for dasatinib compared with imatinib after 12 months, including significantly higher rates of complete cytogenetic response (CCyR), confirmed CCyR (primary end point), and major molecular response (MMR). Here, 24-month data are presented. Cumulative response rates by 24 months in dasatinib and imatinib arms were: CCyR in 86% versus 82%, MMR in 64% versus 46%, and BCR-ABL reduction to ≤ 0.0032% (4.5-log reduction) in 17% versus 8%. Transformation to accelerated-/ blast-phase CML on study occurred in 2.3% with dasatinib versus 5.0% with imatinib. BCR-ABL mutations, assessed after discontinuation, were detected in 10 patients in each arm. In safety analyses, fluid retention, superficial edema, myalgia, vomiting, and rash were less frequent with dasatinib compared with imatinib, whereas pleural effusion and grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia were more frequent with dasatinib. Overall, dasatinib continues to show faster and deeper responses compared with imatinib, supporting first-line use of dasatinib in patients with newly diagnosed CML-CP. This study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00481247.
    Blood 12/2011; 119(5):1123-9. DOI:10.1182/blood-2011-08-376087 · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In imatinib-treated patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), BCR-ABL mutations are the most common mechanism of resistance. Here we report the first multicenter Argentinean study investigating mutations in those patients with CML who fail or lose response to imatinib, with or without previous interferon treatment. Point mutations were detected in 36 of 154 patients by direct sequencing. In our series, the single most common mutations were G250E, E255K/V, and M351T. The presence of mutations correlated significantly with accelerated phase, lack of molecular response, and lower cytogenetic and hematological responses. While overall survival did not differ between patients with or without mutations, the probability of progression was higher in patients with mutations. Cases with non-P-loop mutations showed a significantly better overall survival from diagnosis. Multivariate analysis showed that the most significant variables related to the development of mutations were accelerated phase, duration of imatinib treatment, and time delay to starting imatinib. Our results demonstrated that mutation frequency increased with the progression of disease, and suggest that imatinib treatment should be started early.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 06/2011; 52(9):1720-6. DOI:10.3109/10428194.2011.578310 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients is mandatory in the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Achieving a major molecular response (MMR) at 12 and 18 months predicts a better progression and event-free survival. The objective of this prospective, multicentric study was to evaluate MRD by standardized RT-PCR in 178 patients with chronic-phase CML who were treated with imatinib at different institutions in Argentina and Uruguay and to determine if achievement of a stable MMR (BCR-ABL transcript levels < 0.1%) identifies a low-risk cytogenetic relapse group. The median age of the patients was 50 years, and 55% of them had received imatinib as first-line therapy. BCR-ABL transcript levels were measured after achievement of complete cytogenetic remission (CCyR) and at 6-month intervals. MMR was detected in 44% patients at the start of the study. This value increased to 79% at month 36 of evaluation. Complete molecular response (CMR) also increased from 24% to 52% of patients. Not achieving a stable MMR determined a higher risk of cytogenetic relapse (9% of MMR patients not achieving an MMR vs. 1% of patients who achieved MMR). Patients with sustained MMR had a significantly better cytogenetic relapse-free survival at 48 months (97% vs. 87%; P = .008) but showed no differences in overall survival. Patients who did not remain in CCyR changed treatment. A stable MMR is a strong predictor for a durable CCyR. Standardized molecular monitoring could replace cytogenetic analysis once CCyR is obtained. These results emphasize the validity and feasibility of molecular monitoring in all standardized medical centers of the world.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 06/2011; 11(3):280-5. DOI:10.1016/j.clml.2011.03.016 · 1.93 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Infectious Diseases 03/2010; 14. DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2010.02.1712 · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • Jorge H Milone, Alicia Enrico
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of the Philadelphia chromosome is a poor prognosis factor in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), in both children and adults. Using molecular techniques of the gen bcr/abl, it is possible to detect the abnormality, in up to the 40% of adult patients. The unsatisfactory results with conventional chemotherapy schemes have determined the intensification of the treatments and the consideration of allogenic bone marrow transplants as the best therapeutic instance. The development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors have become a therapeutic improvement in the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive ALL, being combined with chemotherapy schemes, only in a selected group of patients, even in therapeutic programs that include transplant.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 12/2009; 50 Suppl 2:9-15. DOI:10.3109/10428190903370395 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dasatinib is a BCR-ABL inhibitor, 325-fold more potent than imatinib against unmutated BCR-ABL in vitro. Phase II studies have demonstrated efficacy and safety with dasatinib 70 mg twice daily in chronic-phase (CP) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) after imatinib treatment failure. In phase I, responses occurred with once-daily administration despite only intermittent BCR-ABL inhibition. Once-daily treatment resulted in less toxicity, suggesting that toxicity results from continuous inhibition of unintended targets. Here, a dose- and schedule-optimization study is reported. In this open-label phase III trial, 670 patients with imatinib-resistant or -intolerant CP-CML were randomly assigned 1:1:1:1 between four dasatinib treatment groups: 100 mg once daily, 50 mg twice daily, 140 mg once daily, or 70 mg twice daily. With minimum follow-up of 6 months (median treatment duration, 8 months; range, < 1 to 15 months), marked and comparable hematologic (complete, 86% to 92%) and cytogenetic (major, 54% to 59%; complete, 41% to 45%) response rates were observed across the four groups. Time to and duration of cytogenetic response were similar, as was progression-free survival (8% to 11% of patients experienced disease progression or died). Compared with the approved 70-mg twice-daily regimen, dasatinib 100 mg once daily resulted in significantly lower rates of pleural effusion (all grades, 7% v 16%; P = .024) and grade 3 to 4 thrombocytopenia (22% v 37%; P = .004), and fewer patients required dose interruption (51% v 68%), reduction (30% v 55%), or discontinuation (16% v 23%). Dasatinib 100 mg once daily retains the efficacy of 70 mg twice daily with less toxicity. Intermittent target inhibition with tyrosine kinase inhibitors may preserve efficacy and reduce adverse events.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2008; 26(19):3204-12. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2007.14.9260 · 17.88 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia Research 09/2007; 31. DOI:10.1016/S0145-2126(07)70409-5 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    Bone Marrow Transplantation 09/2003; 32(3):343. DOI:10.1038/sj.bmt.1704140 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the role of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in prolonging disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who received autografts of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) positive or Ph negative cell harvests. Over a 4-year period (1994-1999), 53 patients who underwent ASCT for CML were reported to the Argentine Group of Bone Marrow Transplantation (GATMO) Registry. Ph negative cell products were harvested in only 18 patients (34%). Comparison of disease status at the time of autograft, duration of neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, days of antibiotics, and transfusional requirements of red blood cells and platelets did not reveal statistical significant differences between the Ph positive group and the Ph negative group. Only days of hospitalization were increased significantly in patients who received Ph positive autografts. Although DFS at 36 months was significantly longer after infusion of Ph negative cell products (54% vs. 14%; P <or= 0.005), OS differences between the Ph negative group and the Ph positive group (68% vs. 53%; P <or= 0.134) were not significant. ASCT with Ph negative cell harvests after myeloablative chemotherapy resulted in prolonged periods of hematologic and cytogenetic remission or stable disease after cytogenetic/molecular recurrence in some patients with CML. A superior DFS was observed without any benefit observed for OS.
    Cancer 12/2002; 95(11):2339-45. DOI:10.1002/cncr.10931 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A survey was conducted among bone marrow transplant (BMT) units in Argentina to obtain baseline information on the methods of hematopoietic cell harvesting processing; cryopreservation, and storage. Of 14 centers contacted, 13 completed a questionnaire addressing different aspects of cell manipulation for transplantation. Although technical variations were noted for almost all methodological aspects, they represent areas of ongoing revision that await regulatory standardization as proposed by ISHAGE.
    Cytotherapy 02/2001; 3(2):127-33. DOI:10.1080/14653240152584695 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transplantation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) from bone marrow and mobilized peripheral blood is a standard therapy in malignant and non malignant diseases. The lack of suitable donors is an important limitation. The discovery that umbilical cord blood (CB) contains high numbers of HPC that can be used as an alternative source for allogeneic stem cell transplantation led ITMO to establish BANCEL, the first Argentine and Latinoamerican experience of its kind. The blood remaining in the umbilical cord and in the placenta was requested from women who were in the last quarter of pregnancy. An informed consent together with a medical record focused on family disease was completed. Out of 65 donations, 55 (85%) were collected and 51 (78%) were cryopreserved. Mean collected volume was 110 ml with 68% (75 ml) reduction and mean cryopreservation of 35 ml; ABO and Rh blood group systems were determined, HLA, class I, A and B loci, and class II, DR locus were typed by molecular biology methods using PCR-SSOP. Infectious disease screening was carried out for brucellosis, syphilis, Chagas, hepatitis B and C, HIV I and II, HTLV I and II, toxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus. Two positive units for hepatitis B (anticore) and two positive units for Chagas were discarded. The quantity of total nucleated cells (TNC), CD34+ cells and the clonogenic capacity were determined twice at the collection and after the procedures of volume reduction previous to cryopreservation. A 5% reduction in both TNC and CD34 cells and a 10% in the colony forming units (CFU) were detected. A good correlation coefficient between TNC and CFU was obtained.
    Medicina 02/2001; 61(6):843-8. · 0.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Umbilical cord hematopoietic progenitor cell bank. Transplantation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) from bone marrow and mobilized peripheral blood is a standard therapy in malignant and non malignant diseases. The lack of suitable donors is an important limitation. The discovery that umbilical cord blood (CB) contains high numbers of HPC that can be used as an alternative source for allogeneic stem cell transplantation led ITMO to establish BANCEL, the first Argentine and Latinoamerican experience of its kind. The blood remaining in the umbilical cord and in the placenta was requested from women who were in the last quarter of pregnancy. An informed consent together with a medical record focused on family disease was completed. Out of 65 donations, 55 (85%) were collected and 51 (78%) were cryopreserved. Mean collected volume was 110 ml with 68% (75 ml) reduction and mean cryopreservation of 35 ml; ABO and Rh blood group systems were determined, HLA, class I, A and B loci, and class II, DR locus were typed by molecular biology methods using PCR-SSOP. Infectious disease screening was carried out for brucellosis, syphilis, Chagas, hepatitis B and C, HIV I and II, HTLV I and II, toxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus. Two positive units for hepatitis B (anticore) and two positive units for Chagas were discarded. The quantity of total nucleated cells (TNC), CD34+ cells and the clonogenic capacity were determined twice at the collection and after the procedures of volume reduction previous to cryopreservation. A 5% reduction in both TNC and CD34 cells and a 10% in the colony forming units (CFU) were detected. A good correlation coefficient between TNC and CFU was obtained.
  • Article: Response
    Bone marrow transplantation 07/2000; 25(11):1218. DOI:10.1038/sj.bmt.1702442 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here we describe two Caucasian brothers who developed adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), within a short period of time. These two patients have never left Argentina. Their parents are dead and according to the family history it is possible that the mother may have been affected by spastic paraparesis. The daughters reported that their mother had suffered from increasing difficulty in walking for many years which finally made it impossible for to her walk. There are no other data to support the presumptive diagnosis. One of the patients presented with acute disease while the other had a lymphoma type disorder. Both were positive for HTLV 1. The first patient died with disease progression ten months after diagnosis and the second is in partial remission 13 months after diagnosis. Immunophenotyping showed CD4+, CD5+, CD3+, CD2+, CD8 (-). Two asymptomatic brothers with positive HTLV 1 serology were detected. This is the first family case that has been reported in Argentina.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 04/2000; 37(1-2):225-7. DOI:10.3109/10428190009057650 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Relapse remains the major cause of mortality in haematological malignancies treated with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Graft versus tumour reaction (GVT) associated to autologous graft versus host disease (GVDH) may contribute to eliminate minimal residual disease (MRD) after ASCT. Eighty patients with several diagnostics were submitted to ASCT. After stem cell infusion, patients randomised in 4 groups. Groups were treated as follows: Group A received either a IFN (alpha Interferon--1,000,000 U/d), Cyclosporine A (CSA--1 mg/-kg/d intravencus) for 28 days, and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF-250/m2/d) until engraftment; B: CSA (same dose and way) and GM-CSF; C: CSA (1 mg/kg/d orally) and GM-CSF and D: only GM-CSF. Patients were inspected daily and if skin rash was detected, a skin biopsy was obtained at that moment, otherwise biopsies were obtained at day 21 after ASCT. GVHD was positive in 23 patients (13 from group A and 10 from group B). All cases were grades I and II. A majority of CD4+ T lymphocytes was seen in skin infiltrates. No significant differences were seen in WBC and platelets engraftment times, antibiotic administration or hospitalisation days required among the four groups. With a median follow up of 18 months, there were no differences in disease free survival (DFS) or overall survival (OS) between the patients who developed GVHD and the others. However, considering that myeloma cells do not express antigen MCH II, which is necessary for GVT effect, we excluded patients with multiple myeloma (MM) from survival analysis, thus obtaining a significant difference in OS results between patients who developed GVHD and those in whom this reaction was not observed (81% vs 58% p:0.05). We conclude that pharmacological induction of GVHD in ASCT is possible with CSA administration (1 mg/kg/d i.v.). Development of GVHD showed a better outcome for patients in our study except for those patients with MM. This results must be confirmed by a longer follow up of our patients and further studies.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 07/1999; 18(2):201-8. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) is an oncohematological disease characterized by a clonal proliferation concerning the primitive hematopoietic cell. A typical cytogenetic alteration known as Philadelphia Chromosome (Ph1), a 9:22 chromosomic translocation which produces a hybrid gene BCR/ABL, is present in 95% of the patients. Nineteen CML patients (9 female and 10 male) underwent Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT). Median age was 32 years (range 9 to 47); 15 of them were in chronic phase (CP), and 4 in accelerated phase (AP). At diagnosis, all patients were Ph1+, BCR/ABL+. The conditioning regimen consisted of busulphan and cyclophosphamide while patients in AP received etoposide as well. Seventeen patients received cyclosporine A, methotrexate and methylprednisone as prophylaxis for Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) while 2 patients received only the first two drugs. The 9.22 translocation was determined by means of RT-PCT technique using the primers NB1+, Abl3, B2A, CA3 and A2. The sensitivity of the method was 1 x 10(-6). Among the 19 patients who entered the protocol, 14 are alive and in clinical, hematological and cytogenetic remission (Ph1-) and 3 patients died due to acute GVHD, 1 due to graft failure and 1 due to Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. Of the 4 transplanted patients in AP, 3 are alive and in complete remission. The patients had a 74% survival, with a median follow-up of 655 days. Complete hematopoietic chimerism was demonstrated in 16 patients, with the study of 3 loci, D1S80, APO B and D17S30. No relationship was found between post BMT hybrid BCR/ABL (RT.PCR) persistence and disease relapse; the presence of acute and/or chronic GVHD did not influence the BCR/ABL positivity. In our experience, BMT has proved to be the only therapeutic alternative for CML with complete clinical, hematological and cytogenetic remission and a mean survival of 74%, comparable to the international experience.
    Medicina 02/1999; 59(1):1-10. · 0.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 44-year-old male with Ph+ chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) underwent histoidentical allogeneic bone marrow transplantation 18 months after initial diagnosis. He received pretransplant conditioning with busulphan and cyclophosphamide (Bucy). GVHD prophylaxis consisted of methotrexate, cyclosporine (CsA) and methylprednisolone. On day +50, he developed a microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia with indirect bilirubinaemia, 10% fragmented red cells (FC) and an elevated LDH (1213 U/l: normal range 100-185 U/l). Clinical symptoms consisted of edema and hypertension. The patient was not febrile and had no neurological changes. A clinical diagnosis of severe (grade 4) multifactorial (acute GVHD, CMV infection and cyclosporine) BMT-TM was made. He responded following 19 plasma exchanges with replacement with fresh frozen plasma.
    Bone Marrow Transplantation 12/1998; 22(10):1019-21. DOI:10.1038/sj.bmt.1701472 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate in a multivariate analysis the prognostic factors associated with hematopoietic recovery and the supportive care requirements after autotransplant of progenitor cells (PC) from various sources: bone marrow (BMPC), BMPC & peripheral blood (PBPC), and PBPC alone. A total of 570 patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors underwent high-dose therapy followed by autotransplant. PBPC were obtained after mobilization with chemotherapy and/or cytokines. One-hundred five patients received BMPC, 217 received BMPC & PBPC and 248 PBPC alone; all of the patients received G-CSF or GM-CSF after infusion. In a multivariate analysis the recovery of neutrophils was adversely associated with low numbers of nucleated cells infused (P < 0.13), bone marrow progenitor cell source, and diagnosis of multiple myeloma and acute leukemia (P < 0.001). The factors that adversely affected platelet recovery were low number of nucleated cells and diagnosis of multiple myeloma and acute leukemia (P < 0.001). We conclude that BMPC adversely affect neutrophil recovery while low numbers of nucleated cells and diagnosis of multiple myeloma and acute leukemia adversely affect both neutrophil and platelet recovery.
    Annals of Oncology 09/1996; 7(7):719-24. DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.annonc.a010721 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Bisphosphonate-related osteone- crosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a serious oral complication of bisphosphonate treatment involving the exposure of necrotic maxillary or mandibular bone. BRONJ is associated with pain, paresthesia, and oral dysfunction gen- erating an impairment of the quality of life. Treatment of this complication remains diffi- cult and the most useful action is prevention. Case Report: This is a case report of a multiple myeloma patient whose first signs of BRONJ began in 2002 with the development of an aggressive bilateral osteonecrosis of the man- dible. Successful management of this case is described with 17 months of follow up monitoring. Conclusions: This case supports the concept that BRONJ may be successfully treated. The approach described to treat this case, especially regarding sequestrum management, could minimize the sur- gical corrections after the sequestrum is removed. Abstract

Publication Stats

454 Citations
74.20 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2011
    • Hospital Italiano La Plata
      Eva Perón, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1999
    • National University of La Plata
      Eva Perón, Buenos Aires, Argentina