[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The involvement of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) in liver graft acceptance is controversial, but the frequency of acute rejection (AR) remains high in spite of the use of the modern immunosuppressive agents. The present study was aimed at determining whether an association exists between liver recipient HLA-C polymorphism and AR development that could influence graft acceptance. Four hundred and forty-six liver recipients and 473 controls were studied within the framework of a collaborative study carried out by the Spanish Transplant Immunotolerance Group (RED-GIT). HLA-A and -B were typed by the standard microlymphocytotoxicity technique, and HLA-C by polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes (PCR-SSOP). A statistically significant decrease in the HLA-Cw*07 allele frequency was found in liver recipients suffering AR episodes compared to those without AR (NAR). Studies regarding the possible influence of the Asn80 and Lys80 epitopes showed that the Asn80 epitope also could be associated with AR. However, further analysis considering Asn80 alleles others than HLA-Cw*07, confirmed that the apparent protective effect of the Asn80 epitope was actually from the HLA-Cw*07 allele. In conclusion, the HLA-Cw*07 allele carried by the liver recipient is negatively associated with AR development, and could be considered a predictive factor for liver graft acceptance.
Human Immunology 02/2007; 68(1):51-8. · 2.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: KIR2D receptors are killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) specific for HLA-C epitopes, that are expressed on NK cells as well as on minor peripheral blood T-cell subsets, and are able to control NK and T cells activity. The present work explores NK, and particularly CD8(+) T cells expressing KIR2D2L1/S1 (CD158a) or KIR2D2L2/3/S2 (CD158b) receptors in liver graft alloresponse. Flow cytometry was used to analyse peripheral blood mononuclear cells stained with anti-CD158a and anti-CD158b antibodies from 110 liver recipients and 46 healthy controls, previous to and along the first month after transplantation. Pre-transplantation data shows that both CD158a and CD158b molecules can be detected on NK and T cells from all patients and controls, but both KIR2D(+)NK cells are significantly under-represented in patients respect to controls (P<0.001), and CD3(+)CD8(+)CD158a(+) cells decreased particularly in patients suffering from acute rejection (4.03+/-1.33 cells/microL) compared with controls (7.8+/-2.4 cells/microL). Following transplantation, KIR2D(+)CD8(+) T-cell repertoires increased through the first month, mainly in recipients with a good graft acceptance. In summary, monitoring of KIR2D(+)CD8(+) T cells, particularly KIR2DL1/S1(+)CD8(+) T cells at pre-transplant, and both KIR2DL1/S1(+) and KIR2DL2/3/S2(+) T-cell subsets at early post-transplant period, could offer useful information for clinical follow-up of liver grafts.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cytokines are known to be important mediators during liver graft outcome and their gene polymorphism could affect the overall expression and secretion of cytokines. In this retrospective study, we analyzed the effect of TGF-β1 polymorphism in 150 liver allograft recipients. Genotyping PCR-SSP were performed for TGF-β1 gene (codon 10T/C and 25C/G). TGF-β1 polymorphism at codon 10 and 25 correlate borderline with liver graft acceptance and when the combination between codon 10 and 25 was analyzed, it revealed that T/T G/C genotype and the TC haplotype were significantly associated with graft acceptance (p