ABSTRACT: Recent studies of the distribution of PKC isoenzymes in the mouse kidney demonstrated that PKC-alpha, -beta(I), and -delta are expressed in intercalated cells. The purpose of this study was to identify the intercalated cell subtypes that express the different PKC isoenzymes and determine the location of the PKC isoenzymes within these cells. Adult C57BL/6 mice kidney tissues were processed for multiple-labeling immunohistochemistry. Antibodies against the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase and pendrin were used to identify intercalated cell subtypes, whereas antibodies against calbindin D(28K) and aquaporin-2 (AQP2) were used to identify connecting tubule cells and principal cells of the collecting duct, respectively. Within type A intercalated cells, PKC-delta was highly expressed in the apical part of the cells, whereas immunoreactivity for both PKC-alpha and PKC-beta(I) was weak. Type B intercalated cells exhibited strong expression of PKC-alpha, -beta(I), and -delta. PKC-alpha and -beta(I) were localized throughout the cytoplasm, whereas PKC-delta was restricted to the basal domain. Within non-A-non-B cells, immunoreactivity for both PKC-alpha and PKC-beta(I) was high in intensity and localized diffusely in the cytoplasm, whereas PKC-delta was localized in the apical part of the cells. None of the PKC isoenzymes (PKC-alpha, -beta(I), or -delta) were expressed in the calbindin D(28K)-positive connecting tubule cells. Within AQP2-positive principal cells of the collecting duct, PKC-alpha was expressed on the basolateral plasma membrane, but no significant staining was detected for PKC-beta(I) and -delta. In summary, this study demonstrates distinct and differential expression patterns of PKC-alpha, -beta(I), and -delta in the three subtypes of intercalated cells in the mouse kidney.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 12/2006; 291(5):F1052-60. · 3.68 Impact Factor