ABSTRACT: We have now identified seven MYO15A mutations that cause congenital profound neurosensory hearing loss and a possible hypomorphic allele of MYO15A associated with moderately-severe hearing loss in 1 of 8 SMS patients. Because myosin XVA is encoded by 66 exons, screening for mutations in hearing-impaired individuals is expensive and labor-intensive in comparison to a screen for mutations in GJB2 (Cx26), for example, which has only a single protein coding exon. Among consanguineous families segregating profound, congenital hearing loss from Pakistan, approximately 10% are consistent with linkage to DFNB3 (11 of 112 DFNB families). In one-half of these DFNB3 families, we found a homozygous mutation in 1 of the 66 exons of MYO15A . This suggests that mutations of MYO15A are responsible for at least 5% of recessively inherited, profound hearing loss in Pakistan. However, without the benefit of a pre-screen for linkage to DFNB3, it will be a challenge to determine the extent to which mutations of MYO15A contribute to hereditary hearing loss among isolated cases and small families in other populations.
Advances in oto-rhino-laryngology 02/2002; 61:124-30.