[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although U-clip anastomoses were studied for hemodynamics and patency, their potential for unimpeded growth after congenital cardiovascular surgery has not been investigated yet. In 53 children aged 2.1+/-3.3 years operated on between March 1998 and August 2005 growth of U-clip (U) vs. polypropylene running sutured (P) anastomoses in coarctation repair (Coarc; n=26), bi-directional Glenn (BDG; n=13) and arterial switch operation (ASO; n=14) was retrospectively analysed. Coarc showed 2.39+/-4.33 vs. 3.09+/-2.24 mm of growth during the observation period (21+/-16 vs. 30+/-27 months); no growth (0 vs.16%), restenosis (14 vs. 37%) and reinterventions (14 vs. 11%) were similar (all in U vs. P, P=ns). BDG showed 3.68+/-3.43 vs. 2.50+/-2.55 mm (P=ns) of growth during 15+/-5 vs. 29+/-18 months (P=0.046); no growth (17 vs. 0%), stenosis (0 vs. 14%) and reinterventions (0%) were similar in U vs. P, respectively (P=ns). Main pulmonary artery (MPA) anastomosis in ASO showed 0.28+/-1.73 vs. 1.30+/-3.16 mm of growth during 8+/-14 vs. 28+/-28 months; no growth (60 vs. 14%), stenosis (50 vs. 63%) and reinterventions (0%) were similar (all in U vs. P, P=ns). Anastomotic growth, stenosis and reintervention rates show no difference between interrupted U-clip and polypropylene running sutured technique in Coarc repair, BDG and MPA anastomosis in ASO.
Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery 08/2009; 9(4):565-70.