[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Study of immigrant populations may contribute to a better understanding of the epidemiology of diseases associated with the aging process. We examined the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism, in elderly subjects who were born in Japan, migrated to South Brazil and have lived in that region for over 40 years, versus a group of elderly, locally born Brazilians living in the same region. These Japanese subjects came to Brazil after World War II (1950-1960) from several Japanese cities, mainly Nagasaki, Kumamoto and Hokkaido. Among 1007 subjects genotyped for ApoE polymorphism, we selected 540 elderly subjects (>60 years old), consisting of 270 Japanese-Brazilians and 270 Brazilians of European ancestry from Rio Grande do Sul State (Gaucha population). The Japanese-Brazilian group had significantly lower prevalences of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome than did the Gaucho population group. ApoE polymorphism frequencies were similar in the two groups. The differences in cardiovascular risk factors observed in the two populations cannot be explained by ApoE polymorphism; they could be related to conservation of Japanese lifestyle habits, such as diet.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It now appears that obesity is associated with a low-grade inflammation of white adipose tissue resulting from chronic activation of the innate immune system as interleukin-1 beta (IL-1). Previous investigations have described a positive association between IL-1 beta +3953 (C>T) gene polymorphism (rs 1143634) and obesity, suggesting functional effects on fat mass, fat metabolism and body mass. However, it is necessary to determine if these results occur in other populations and if they are influenced by sex and age. Therefore, we performed a case-control study using 880 Caucasian subjects (59.7+/-11.9 years old) from the Brazilian Aging Research Program (non-overweight=283, overweight=334, obese=263) previously investigated in genetic studies, in whom we analyzed the IL-1 beta +3953C/T polymorphism. We observed higher T allele (CT/TT) frequency in non-overweight than overweight and obese groups. The odds ratio showed 1.340 (95% CI: 1.119-1.605) times more chance of the obese group being CC carriers compared to non-overweight group independent of sex and age. This study corroborates the idea that the IL-1 system is linked to the development of obesity.
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 09/2009; 314(1):84-9. · 4.04 Impact Factor