Publications (3)6.26 Total impact
Article: High-resolution molecular karyotyping in patients with developmental delay and/or multiple congenital anomalies in a clinical setting.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) enables genomewide investigation of copy-number changes at high resolution and has recently been implemented as a clinical diagnostic tool. In this study we evaluate the usefulness of high-resolution arrays as a diagnostic tool in our laboratory and investigate the diagnostic yield in the first 160 patients who were clinically referred for investigation of developmental delay (DD)/multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). During this period both 38K BAC-arrays and 244K oligonucleotide-arrays were used. Copy-number variations (CNVs) not previously reported as normal variants were detected in 22.5% of cases. In 13.1% the aberrations were considered causal to the phenotype and in 9.4% the clinical significance was uncertain. There was no difference in diagnostic yield between patients with mild, moderate or severe DD. Although the effective resolution of the 244K oligonucleotide-arrays was higher than the 38K BAC-array, the diagnostic yield of both platforms was approximately equal and no causal aberrations <300 kb were detected in this patient cohort. We experienced that increasing the resolution of a whole genome screen in the diagnostic setting has its drawback of detecting an increased number of CNVs with uncertain contribution to a phenotype. Based on our experiences, array-CGH is recommended as the first-step analysis in the genetic evaluation of patients with DD and/or MCA.Clinical Genetics 02/2011; 79(2):147-57. · 3.13 Impact Factor
Article: Sixteen New Cases Contributing to the Characterization of Patients with Distal 22q11.2 Microduplications.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The chromosome region 22q11.2 has long been recognized to be susceptible to genomic rearrangement. More recently, this genomic instability has been shown to extend distally (involving LCR22E-H) to the commonly deleted/duplicated region. To date, 21 index cases with 'distal' 22q11.2 duplications have been reported. We report on the clinical and molecular characterization of 16 individuals with distal 22q11.2 duplications identified by DNA microarray analysis. Two of the individuals have been partly described previously. The clinical phenotype varied among the patients in this study, although the majority displayed various degrees of developmental delay and speech disturbances. Other clinical features included behavioral problems, hypotonia, and dysmorphic facial features. Notably, none of the patients was diagnosed with a congenital heart defect. We found a high degree of inherited duplications. Additional copy number changes of unclear clinical significance were identified in 5 of our patients, and it is possible that these may contribute to the phenotypic expression in these patients as has been suggested recently in a 2-hit 'digenic' model for 16p12.1 deletions. The varied phenotypic expression and incomplete penetrance observed for distal 22q11.2 duplications makes it exceedingly difficult to ascribe pathogenicity for these duplications. Given the observed enrichment of the duplication in patient samples versus healthy controls, it is likely that distal 22q11.2 duplications represent a susceptibility/risk locus for speech and mild developmental delay.Molecular syndromology 01/2010; 1(5):246-254.
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ABSTRACT: CHARGE syndrome is a disorder characterized by Coloboma, Heart defect, Atresia choanae, Retarded growth and/or development, Genital hypoplasia and Ear anomalies. Heterozygous mutations in the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7) gene have been identified in about 60% of individuals diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome. We performed a CHD7 mutation screening by direct exon sequencing in 28 index patients (26 sporadic cases, 1 familial case consisting of a brother and sister and 1 case consisting of monozygotic twins) diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome in order to determine the mutations in a cohort of Swedish CHARGE syndrome patients. The patients without a detectable CHD7 mutation, or with a missense mutation, were further investigated by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in order to search for intragenic deletions or duplications. Thirteen novel mutations and five previously reported mutations were detected. The mutations were scattered throughout the gene and included nonsense, frameshift and missense mutations as well as intragenic deletions. In conclusion, CHD7 mutations were detected in a large proportion (64%) of cases diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome. Screening for intragenic deletions with MLPA is recommended in cases where mutations are not found by sequencing. In addition, a CDH7 mutation was found in an individual without temporal bone malformation.Clinical Genetics 08/2008; 74(1):31-8. · 3.13 Impact Factor