[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In any type of invasive surgery, the patient's individual risk of thromboembolism has to be weighed against the risk of bleeding. Based on various everyday situations in clinical routine, the purpose of the present expert recommendations is to provide appropriate perioperative and periinterventional management for patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing long-term treatment with the thrombin inhibitor dabigatran. As we currently have no routine laboratory test to measure therapeutic levels of the substance or the risk of bleeding, general measures such as a standardized documentation of the patient's history, a sufficient time interval between the last preoperative dose and the procedure, and careful control of local hemostasis should be given special attention.
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 05/2012; 124(9-10):340-7. · 0.81 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nosocomial infections still present a major problem in intensive care units (ICUs), accounting for prolonged ICU and hospital stays and worsened outcomes. There exist differences in the literature regarding the impact of nosocomial infections on attributable mortality and resource consumption. The aim of this study was to observe these effects in a large cohort of critically ill patients.
Thirty-four Austrian ICUs participated in the study by documenting all nosocomial infections from 1 June to 30 November 2003 according to the Hospital in Europe Link for Infection Control through Surveillance (HELICS) protocol.
Of 2,392 patients with a length-of-stay (LOS) >2 days, 683 (28.6%) developed at least one nosocomial infection. The most common infection was pneumonia (n = 456), followed by central venous catheter (CVC) infections (n = 101). Risk-adjusted mortality rates (standardized mortality ratios) were significantly increased for infected patients [0.91 (0.83-0.99) vs. 0.68 (0.61-0.74)]. Significant attributable risk-adjusted mortality was found for patients with pneumonia, combined infections (both 32%) and CVC-related infections (26%). LOS in the ICU increased significantly for all infections.
We conclude that significant attributable mortality for several nosocomial infections exists in a large cohort of critically ill patients, with the highest impact occurring in those with microbiologically diagnosed pneumonia and combined infections. All infections were associated with an increased resource consumption. Effective infection control measures could improve both clinical outcome and proper and effective use of ICU resources.
European Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 09/2010; 36(9):1597-601. · 5.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Enhanced recovery of patients after surgery ("ERAS") has become an important focus of perioperative management. From a metabolic and nutritional point of view, the key aspects of perioperative care include: Enteral nutrition (EN) by means of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) and if necessary tube feeding (TF) offers the possibility of increasing or ensuring nutrient intake in cases where food intake is inadequate. These guidelines are intended to give evidence-based recommendations for the use of ONS and TF in surgical patients. They were developed by an interdisciplinary expert group in accordance with officially accepted standards and are based on all relevant publications since 1980. The guideline was discussed and accepted in a consensus conference. EN is indicated even in patients without obvious undernutrition, if it is anticipated that the patient will be unable to eat for more than 7 days perioperatively. It is also indicated in patients who cannot maintain oral intake above 60% of recommended intake for more than 10 days. In these situations nutritional support should be initiated without delay. Delay of surgery for preoperative EN is recommended for patients at severe nutritional risk, defined by the presence of at least one of the following criteria: weight loss >10-15% within 6 months, BMI<18.5 kg/m(2), Subjective Global Assessment Grade C, serum albumin <30 g/l (with no evidence of hepatic or renal dysfunction). Altogether, it is strongly recommended not to wait until severe undernutrition has developed, but to start EN therapy early, as soon as a nutritional risk becomes apparent.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A case of successful regional anticoagulation with trisodium citrate in a patient who developed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia while on continuous hemofiltration is described. Immediate citrate anticoagulation allowed for maintenance of extracorporeal circulation until effective danaparoid therapy could be established. Recommended plasma antifactor Xa levels for hemodialysis may be inadequate in some cases. Values similar to those in use during cardiopulmonary bypass could be required.
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 06/2002; 73(5):1626-7. · 3.45 Impact Factor