Ivo R Horn

Aarhus University, Aars, Region North Jutland, Denmark

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Publications (1)2.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: During intravascular hemolysis hemoglobin (Hb) binds to haptoglobin (Hp) leading to endocytosis of the complex by the macrophage receptor, CD163. In the present study, we used a phage-display Fab antibody strategy to explore if the complex formation between Hp and Hb leads to exposure of antigenic epitopes specific for the complex. By Hp-Hb-affinity screening of a phage-Fab library, we isolated a phage clone against the ligand complex. Surface plasmon resonance analyses of the Fab part expressed as a recombinant protein revealed a high affinity binding (KD = 3.9 nm) to Hp-Hb, whereas no binding was measured for non-complexed Hp or Hb. The Fab antibody completely inhibited the binding of 125I-labeled Hp-Hb complexes to CD163 and blocked their uptake in CD163-transfected cells. In conclusion, we have raised a receptor-blocking antibody specifically recognizing the Hp-Hb complex. In addition to provide new insight into the changes occurring when Hp and Hb bind, the present study provides a new potential tool for measuring and removal of Hp-Hb complexes from plasma/serum.
    European Journal Of Haematology 11/2003; 71(4):289-93. · 2.55 Impact Factor