[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated the effect of DHEA complementary treatment in opiate addicts undergoing detoxification. DHEA (100 mg/day) or placebo was added to the routine medication protocol in a randomized, double blind controlled study. Follow-up for 12 months was conducted. Two separate DHEA-treated subgroups were identified by the Fuzzy clustering method: one showed statistically significant improvement in the severity of withdrawal symptoms, depression and anxiety scores (n=34; p<0.001 for all) and the other subgroup deteriorated in all measures (n=15). DHEA at the end of the detoxification program showed a tendency towards correlation with the duration of abstinence (r=0.6843; p>0.05; n=6), while a negative correlation was obtained with the cortisol level (r=-0.900; p=0.005, n=8). The completion-rate of the DHEA-improved subgroup was greater than in the DHEA-deteriorated subgroup (64.7% vs. 33.3%, respectively). The influence of supplementary DHEA treatment was mostly effective in heroin addicts who had not previously used either cocaine or benzodiazepines and who had experienced only few withdrawal programs.
European Neuropsychopharmacology 06/2008; 18(6):406-13. · 4.60 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The brain vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT2) is essential for neuronal monoamine storage and regulation of monoaminergic neurotransmission. We demonstrated previously a high degree of similarity between the pharmacodynamic characteristics of platelet and brain VMAT2. Opioids induce increase of dopamine release in limbic structures. In the present study we assessed the VMAT2 pharmacodynamic characteristics using high affinity [(3)H]dihydrotetrabenazine (TBZOH) binding to platelets of former male heroin addicts maintained on methadone (n = 12) compared to age-matched healthy controls (n = 13). A significant increase (19%, p < 0.05) in platelet VMAT2 density (Bmax) was observed in the methadone treated patients compared to controls. There was no significant difference in the affinity of [(3)H]TBZOH to its platelet binding site. The increased VMAT2 density may reflect a compensatory attempt to prevent vesicular depletion due to chronic methadone exposure.
Journal of Neural Transmission 02/2007; 114(2):281-4. · 3.05 Impact Factor