ABSTRACT: Although group IIA phospholipase A(2) has been suggested to be implicated in inflammatory bowel disease, its pathophysiological role in colitis remains unclear. We investigated whether group IIA phospholipase A(2) had pro-inflammatory roles in dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in the rat. Secretory phospholipase A(2) activity was markedly increased in the distal colon with two peaks. Strong immunostaining for group IIA phospholipase A(2) was found in subepithelial tissue and lamina propria at early stage and in deeper tissues of the erosion area at later stage. Treatment with a specific group IIA phospholipase A(2) inhibitor, S-3013/LY333013 (methyl[[3-(aminooxoacetyl)-2-ethyl-1-(phenylmethyl)]-1H-indol-4yl]oxy) acetate), reduced erosion area, shortening of colon and colonic inflammation, and strongly inhibited the increase in secretory phospholipase A(2) activity and moderately reduced myeloperoxidase activity in the colon in vivo, while eicosanoid levels were not affected. Marked group IIA phospholipase A(2) expression in the erosion area and the improvement of colitis by the group IIA phospholipase A(2) inhibitor strongly suggest that this enzyme plays pro-inflammatory roles in this colitis model.
European Journal of Pharmacology 08/2003; 472(1-2):147-58. · 2.52 Impact Factor