M Bilge

Yuzuncu Yil University, Thospia, Van, Turkey

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Publications (30)71.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the chronic effect of rilmenidine on time domain indexes of heart rate variability in patients with mild hypertension. Twenty patients (12 males, eight females; mean age, 47 yr; age range, 38-55 yr), with untreated and newly diagnosed mild hypertension were studied. There was no evidence of diseases other than hypertension. All patients received 1 mg of rilmenidine once daily. If the diastolic blood pressure was still greater than 90 mm Hg after 4 weeks of active treatment, the dose was increased to 2 mg once daily. Twenty-four hour ambulatory electrocardiograms were recorded before, and 4 and 12 weeks after the start of therapy. Time domain parameters of heart rate variability were calculated. Rilmenidine therapy determined a marked decrease in blood pressure. At 4 weeks, rilmenidine induced a significant reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and a further reduction was observed after 12 weeks. At 4 and 12 weeks, time domain parameters of heart rate variability and heart rate were not significantly different in the data obtained before therapy. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the administration of rilmenidine to patients with mild essential hypertension induced significant reductions in blood pressure, without any significant changes in time domain parameters of heart rate variability.
    Angiology 01/2002; 53(2):199-204. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether reduction in blood pressure has a beneficial effect on left atrial appendage (LAA) function, the authors evaluated 24 untreated systemic hypertensive patients with normal left ventricular systolic function in sinus rhythm at baseline and at 3 months after initiation of antihypertensive therapy. They performed transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographic examinations in hypertensive patients before and after treatment of hypertension. Three of the 24 patients had blood pressure that failed to respond to the regimen of antihypertensive therapy and were removed from the analysis. Of the remaining 21 patients, mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures at baseline were 170 +/- 18 and 104 +/- 6 mm Hg, respectively, and fell significantly at 3 months to 141 +/- 10 and 90 +/- 5 mm Hg, respectively, (p<0.001) after initiation of antihypertensive therapy. There was no significant change in heart rate with treatment (baseline 81 +/- 8 and at 3 months 84 +/- 9 beats/min). There was no significant change in left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular wall thickness, or left atrial diameter from baseline (49 +/- 4 mm, 58 +/- 5%, 12 +/- 1 mm, and 41 +/- 4 mm, respectively) at 3 months (48 +/- 5 mm, 59 +/- 4%, 12 +/- 1 mm, and 40 +/- 3 mm). The treatment caused a significant reduction in maximal LAA areas (6.3 +/- 1.3 cm2 at baseline, 4.6 +/- 0.7 cm2 at 3 months, p<0.001), with a concomitant increase in LAA emptying velocity (44 +/- 7 cm/sec at baseline, 60 +/- 9 cm/sec at 3 months, p<0.001). In conclusion, these findings suggest that reduction in blood pressure with antihypertensive therapy could improve LAA function in hypertensive patients with normal left ventricular systolic function in sinus rhythm.
    Angiology 09/2001; 52(9):621-6. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Duplex-Doppler study typically exhibits triphasic brachial artery blood flow velocity pattern in subjects classified as normal without clinically evident atherosclerotic complications, heart disease, hypertension, or diabetes mellitus. In this study, the authors described the late systolic wave on the brachial artery blood flow velocity pattern in patients with coronary artery disease and investigated the relation between late systolic wave and vascular stiffness. Blood flow profile and velocity of the brachial artery were determined noninvasively by ultrasound pulsed-Doppler technique under the guidance of a B-mode ultrasound image in 96 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The control group consisted of 23 healthy subjects with no or maximally 2 risk factors (only among age, cigarette smoking, obesity, and gender) for vascular disease. None of the patients and controls had clinical evidence of arterial disorders at upper extremities. In 32 patients (33%) with CAD, a late systolic wave was observed in the brachial artery Doppler study. On the other hand, no late systolic wave was observed in the healthy subjects. In addition, multivessel disease, hypertension, advanced age, diabetes, and smoking were significantly more frequent in patients with the late systolic wave. In conclusion, peripheral arterial abnormalities induced by vascular stiffness may produce alterations in regional wave reflections, and the normal triphasic pattern of the brachial artery blood flow may change by the appearance of the late systolic wave.
    Angiology 09/2001; 52(8):527-32. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effects of beta2-adrenergic agonist therapy on heart rate variability (HRV) in adult asthmatic patients by using frequency domain measures of HRV. A randomized crossover design was used. Twenty adult patients with asthma were studied. All patients showed a mild-to-moderate decrease in baseline forced expiratory volume in one second. Any diseases that might have influenced the autonomic function were excluded. All patients had a complete physical examination and medical history that revealed no cardiovascular disease or medication. The study used 200 microg inhaled salbutamol and 500 microg inhaled terbutaline. HRV analysis was performed for each 5-min segment, 5 min before inhalation of the study drug and 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 min after inhalation. Total power (TP: <0.40 Hz), high-frequency power (HF: 0.15-0.40 Hz), low-frequency power (LF: 0.04-0.15 Hz) and LF/HF ratio were calculated. The LF and LF/HF ratio increased and TP decreased at 5, 10, 15 and 20 min after the salbutamol and the terbutaline inhalation, HF did not change significantly after the salbutamol and terbutaline inhalation. Acute salbutamol and terbutaline inhalation produce similar effects on heart rate variability and increase sympathetic modulation in the cardiac autonomic activity.
    European Respiratory Journal 06/2001; 17(5):863-7. · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Depressed heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity with various forms of heart disease, and the Duke treadmill score (DTS) provides diagnostic and prognostic information for the evaluation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Our study was aimed at assessing any possible correlation between HRV and DTS in stable CAD. We evaluated the correlation between the HRV assessed by using 24 hour ambulatory ECG monitoring, and treadmill exercise score in 37 patients with angiographically proven and clinically stable CAD. In univariate analysis, DTS showed a significant negative correlation with age (r=–0.89, p50 ms (PNN50) (r=0.69, P
    International Journal of Angiology 05/2001; 10(3):178-182.
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    ABSTRACT: A young male with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome whose electrocardiographic pattern was suggestive of acute anterior myocardial infarction is described. A 21-year-old male with a history of ventricular fibrillation after being successfully resuscitated was admitted to the coronary care unit. His electrocardiogram showed ST elevation in the precordial leads (V1-V6). This condition was erroneously interpreted as an acute myocardial infarction. At the fourth day, while ST elevations returned to baseline, short PR interval and delta waves were observed on the ECG. Myocardial infarction was excluded by biochemical tests, echocardiography, and coronary angiography. Electrophysiologic study confirmed Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with two accessory pathways.
    Angiology 05/2001; 52(4):293-5. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac troponin levels are regarded as the most specific of currently available biochemical markers of myocardial damage. Elevated levels of troponin have been previously reported in patients with left heart failure, reflecting small areas of undetected myocardial cell death. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of the cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in patients with left- and right-sided heart failure. Cardiac troponin I levels were studied with immunochemical methods in patients with right heart failure (n = 17) resulting from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ischemic left heart failure (n = 23), and nonischemic left heart failure (n = 18) who were admitted to departments of cardiology and chest diseases. Also, cTnI levels were measured in 32 healthy subjects as control group. Protein markers of myocardial injury (cTnI and myoglobin) in patients with left and right heart failure were collected approximately 12 to 36 hours after onset of obvious symptoms. Serum creatine kinase MB band was determined on admission and thereafter twice a day during the first 3 days. Elevated levels of serum cTnI were found in patients with nonischemic (0.83 +/- 0.6 ng/mL, p<0.01) and ischemic left heart failure (0.9 +/- 0.5 ng/mL, p<0.01) when compared to healthy subjects, whereas serum cTnI levels in patients with right heart failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were not significantly different from those of control subjects (0.22 +/- 0.1 vs 0.16 +/- 0.1 ng/mL, p>0.05). In addition, creatine kinase MB band and myoglobin levels were not significantly different between patient and healthy groups. The mean of cTnI levels in ischemic and even nonischemic left heart failure were increased compared to the mean of values in healthy individuals but without significant creatine kinase MB band and myoglobin elevations. But cTnI levels were not increased in patients with right heart failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These data indicate that the cTnI levels are abnormal in left heart failure but not in cor pulmonale.
    Angiology 05/2001; 52(5):317-22. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether acute-phase beta-blocker therapy has a harmful effect on left atrial appendage (LAA) function in patients with chronic nonvalvular atrial fibrillation by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), we evaluated 21 patients with normal left ventricular systolic function and a poorly controlled ventricular rate, despite the use of digoxin. Baseline parameters that were obtained included heart rate, blood pressure, LAA emptying velocities, and left atrial spontaneous echo contrast intensity. Then, each patient was given a bolus dose of 5 mg metoprolol. Ten minutes later, a second set of assessments was performed. After the first TEE studies, each patient began treatment with metoprolol (50 mg orally twice daily for 1 week). A second TEE study was performed after 1 week of continuous oral metoprolol therapy at maintenance dose, and values were again determined. The average resting apical heart rate was 91 +/- 7 bpm. As expected, beta-blocker therapy showed a marked decrease in heart rate at 10 minutes (79 +/- 6 bpm, P <.001) and at 1 week (71 +/- 4 bpm, P <.001). Beta-blocker therapy caused a significant reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressures (144 +/- 16 / 93 +/- 6 mm Hg at baseline, 137 +/- 16 / 87 +/- 9 mm Hg at 10 minutes, and 135 +/- 12 / 86 +/- 8 mm Hg at 1 week, P <.001). With the beta-blocker therapy, the baseline transesophageal Doppler parameter of LAA emptying velocities (at baseline 24 +/- 7 cm/s) fell significantly at 10 minutes (19 +/- 7 cm/s, P <.001) and at 1 week (17 +/- 6 cm/s, P <.001) after initiation of beta-blocker therapy. After a bolus of metoprolol, spontaneous echo contrast intensity did not change in any patients, but 1 week later, it increased in 1 patient. In 2 patients who had not been found to have an LAA thrombus at baseline TEE study, the second TEE examination demonstrated new thrombi in the LAA. In conclusion, our findings suggest that in patients with chronic nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who have normal left ventricular systolic function and a poorly controlled ventricular rate despite the use of digoxin, acute-phase beta blockade may have a harmful effect on LAA function.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 04/2001; 14(3):194-9. · 4.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sildenafil, an inhibitor of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5), is currently being used as oral therapy for penile erectile dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the relaxing effect of sildenafil on vascular tissue and compare it with the known vasodilatator agents, sodium nitroprusside and acetylcholine. Rat thoracic aorta samples were cut into rings, mounted on steel hooks, and immersed in aerated Krebs solution maintained at 37 degree C. Isometric responses were recorded by strain gauge transducers connected to a polygraph. Graded relaxations were induced using increasing concentrations of acetylcholine sodium nitroprusside and sildenafil. The agents all does-dependently relaxed rat aorta strips. The relaxing potential of sildenafil was found to be similar to sodium nitroprusside, but higher than acetylcholine. In the absence of regulatory mechanisms, sildenafil citrate has noticeable vasodilatatory effect in vitro.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 04/2001; 1(1):23-6, AXIII. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the effects of halothane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane on Q-Tc interval (corrected for heart rate) during inhalation induction of anesthesia. Prospective, double-blind, randomized study. Departments of Cardiology and Anesthesiology in a university hospital. Patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. A total of 65 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II patients, aged 16 to 50 years, undergoing general anesthesia, were randomly allocated to receive halothane, isoflurane, or sevoflurane. The time to reach the predetermined end-tidal concentrations of 3 minimum alveolar concentration was 6 to 10 minutes. When compared with preinduction values, heart rate decreased after halothane (p < 0.01) and sevoflurane (p < 0.05) administration; in contrast, heart rate increased after induction of anesthesia with isoflurane (p < 0.05). The mean QRS intervals were not significantly changed after halothane, isoflurane, or sevoflurane. The Q-Tc interval was increased with isoflurane compared with baseline (465 +/- 23 v 441 +/- 18 msec, p < 0.01), not changed with sevoflurane (441 +/- 17 v 434 +/- 19 ms, p > 0.05), and shortened with halothane (426 +/- 23 v 445 +/- 21 msec, p < 0.01). Sevoflurane or halothane may be preferred to isoflurane in patients with conditions that are known to induce a prolonged Q-Tc interval. The effects of Q-Tc interval changes resulting from different anesthetic agents on morbidity and the incidence of arrhythmias during anesthesia warrant further investigation.
    Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 04/2001; 15(2):188-91. · 1.45 Impact Factor
  • M Bilge, B Eryonucu, N Güler
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    ABSTRACT: Although left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus formation in the presence of sinus rhythm may potentially be the source for embolic events in various types of heart disease, no cases of LAA thrombus with embolic stroke in association with aortic stenosis in sinus rhythm have been reported. We present a case of valvular aortic stenosis with cerebral embolism in a person who was in sinus rhythm and had an LAA thrombus diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 01/2001; 13(12):1127-9. · 4.28 Impact Factor
  • M Bilge, B Eryonucu, N Güler
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    ABSTRACT: The authors describe a case of biatrial thrombosis after acute inferior wall myocardial infarction (MI) with sinus rhythm. The presence of atrial thrombosis in patients with acute MI has recently been recognized with the aid of echocardiography. However, to the author's knowledge, a case of biatrial thrombosis after acute MI has not been reported previously. In this case, blood stasis, resulting from both left ventricular and right ventricular systolic dysfunction, was the most likely cause of the biatrial thrombi formation. In summary, this case suggests that biatrial thrombosis may occur in acute MI, even in the presence of sinus rhythm.
    Angiology 01/2001; 51(12):1035-8. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report two cases of acute cervical angina and ECG changes induced by anteflexion of the head. Cervical angina is defined as chest pain that resembles true cardiac angina but originates from cervical discopathy with nerve root compression. In these patients, Prinzmetal's angina, valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, left ventricular aneurysm, and cardiomyopathy were excluded. After all, the patient's chest pain was reproduced by anteflexion of head, at this time, their ECGs showed nonspecific ST-T changes in the inferior and anterior leads different from the basal ECG. ECG changes returned to normal when the patient's neck moved to the neutral position. To our knowledge, these are the first cases of cervical angina associated with acute ECG changes by neck motion.
    Angiology 11/2000; 51(10):861-5. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of cigarette smoking on the circadian rhythm of heart rate variability (HRV) are not known. We studied the effects of cigarette smoking on the circadian rhythm of HRV in 24 smoking and 21 non-smoking healthy subjects. Twenty-four hour ambulatory electrocardiograms were recorded and time domain parameters of HRV (SDNN [standard deviation of all R-R intervals], SDANN [standard deviation of the averages of R-R intervals in all 5-minute segments of the entire recording], RMSSD [the square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of differences between adjacent R-R intervals]) were determined for the entire 24-hour period and for each 3-hour period. In total, SDNN and SDANN were significantly lower in smokers than non-smokers (116 +/- 26 vs 136 +/- 27, p < 0.05 for SDNN, 109 +/- 25 vs 121 +/- 24, p < 0.05 for SDANN). However, there were no statistical differences between smokers and non-smokers in heart rate (81 +/- 9 vs 76 +/- 10, p > 0.05) and RMSSD (32 +/- 12 vs 37 +/- 18, p > 0.05). These HRV parameters showed a circadian variation: they increased at night and decreased during the day in both groups. The parameters were lower in smokers than non-smokers during daytime (especially, between 8-14 hours). However, no differences were detected during night-time. Time domain parameters of HRV (SDNN, SDANN and RMSSD) in both smoking and non-smoking healthy subjects have a circadian rhythm. SDNN and SDANN were lower in smokers than non-smokers during daytime.
    Acta cardiologica 10/2000; 55(5):301-5. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess right atrial appendage (RAA) flow and its possible relationship to left atrial appendage (LAA) flow in chronic nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was performed in 26 patients with chronic nonvalvular AF (group I). For the purpose of comparison, an additional group of 27 patients with chronic valvular AF due to mitral stenosis (group II) was analyzed. The clinically estimated duration of AF in group I was significantly longer than that of group II (8.7+/-3.4 versus 2.7+/-1.1 years). Although right atrial size and RAA maximal area were larger in group I than those in group II, left atrial size was larger in group II than that in group I. Group II had larger LAA maximal areas than group I, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. The two groups were not different with respect to the RAA or LAA emptying velocities. Significant correlations were observed between echocardiographic parameters of the two atria in patients with nonvalvular AF (r range, 0.4 to 0.7). In contrast, in patients with valvular AF, no correlation was observed between the echocardiographic parameters of the two atria (appendage emptying velocity, r = 0.38, p = 0.051; atrial size, r = -0.03, p = 0.89; maximal appendage area, r = 0.07, p = 0.75, respectively). There were no significant differences in the presence of right and left atrial spontaneous echo contrast and thrombus between the groups. All of the right and left atrial thrombi were confined to their respective appendages and were found in the atria with spontaneous echo contrast. Both RAA and LAA thrombi were present in one patient. In conclusion, our findings suggest that AF could affect both atria equally in nonvalvular AF, in contrast to valvular AF. Therefore, the assessment of RAA function as well as LAA may be important in patients with chronic nonvalvular AF.
    Japanese Heart Journal 08/2000; 41(4):451-62. · 0.40 Impact Factor
  • The American Journal of Cardiology 07/2000; 85(11):1391-3. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of autonomic nervous system activity on exaggerated systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to exercise in healthy subjects using heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. We studied 53 healthy volunteer subjects with exercise treadmill test according to the Bruce protocol. Time domain and frequency domain of HRV were measured for each 5-minute segment before (rest) and after exercise (recovery) and during the total exercise period. The mean change in SBP (delta SBP) was 39 +/- 18 mm Hg. The delta SBP above the value of mean (> or = 40 mm Hg) was defined as an exaggerated delta SBP. According to the delta SBP, subjects were classified into two groups. Group I consisted of 32 patients who showed a normal delta SBP, group II consisted of 21 patients who showed exaggerated delta SBP. There were no significant differences in baseline clinical characteristics and exercise duration between the two groups. There were no significant differences in the mean RR intervals, SDNN (standard deviation of all RR intervals), RMSSD (the square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of differences between adjacent RR intervals), and HF (high-frequency power, 0.15 to 0.40 Hz) at rest between the two groups. However, LF (low-frequency power, 0.04 to 0.15 Hz) and LF/HF ratio at rest were significantly higher at rest in group II than in group I. There were no significant differences in the mean RR intervals and HF at exercise between the groups. However, SDNN and RMSSD were significantly lower, LF and the LF/HF ratio were significantly higher at exercise in group II than in group I. No differences in these parameters were observed at recovery between the two groups. The sympathetic activity was higher at rest and during the total exercise period, parasympathetic activity was lower during the total exercise period in healthy subjects with exaggerated SBP response to exercise than in those with normal SBP response.
    Acta cardiologica 06/2000; 55(3):181-5. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    B Eryonucu, M Bilge, N Güler
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 05/2000; 35(5):1363. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess left atrial appendage (LAA) function in hypertensive patients without treatment, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was performed in 46 hypertensive patients in sinus rhythm, aged 40 to 55 years, and in 16 control subjects (group I) without cardiovascular disease, aged 41 to 54 years. The hypertensive patients were divided into 2 groups according to left ventricular (LV) systolic function: group II, the group with normal LV systolic function (ejection fraction 0.63 +/- 0.08), and group III, the group with LV systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction 0.39 +/- 0.05). The LAA late emptying velocities (EVs) were significantly reduced in the hypertensive subgroups compared with the control group (P <.001), but no significant difference in the LAAEV was found between groups II and III. The LAAEV in the hypertensive patients had a significant negative correlation with diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, and left atrial (LA) diameter. The maximal LAA areas were significantly larger in the hypertensive subgroups than in the control group (P <.05). No significant difference in LAA maximal area existed between groups II and III. The maximal LAA area in the hypertensive patients had a significant positive correlation with diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, and LA diameter, but a significant negative correlation with LV ejection fraction. With TEE, LA spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC) was present in 6 (43%) of 14 patients in group III (P <.01) and in 7 (22%) of 32 patients in group II (P <.05). No significant difference in the occurrence of LASEC was found between groups II and III. Left atrial appendage thrombi by TEE were observed in 4 (29%) of 14 patients in group III (P <.05) and in 4 (13%) of 32 patients in group II (P = not significant). No significant difference in the occurrence of LAA thrombus existed between groups II and III. In conclusion, in patients with untreated hypertension, marked elevation of afterload imposed on the left atrium may involve both the left atrium and the LAA, resulting in impairment of LAA function. This condition may worsen with subsequent occurrence of SEC and later, thrombus formation. Therefore assessment of LAA function may be important even in the hypertensive patient in sinus rhythm.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 04/2000; 13(4):271-6. · 4.28 Impact Factor
  • M Bilge, B Eryonucu, N Güler
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a patient with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARCV) in sinus rhythm associated with thrombus in the right atrium. The occurrence of a right heart thrombus in ARCV is extremely rare and, to our knowledge, has been previously reported only in the right ventricle. In our case, ARCV most probably led to right atrial spontaneous echo contrast, and later, right atrial thrombus formation by blood stasis caused by right ventricular systolic dysfunction. In conclusion, our case suggests that right atrial thrombus may occur in ARCV, even in sinus rhythm.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 03/2000; 13(2):154-6. · 4.28 Impact Factor