Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: A molecular analysis has three major roles in modern oncopathology--as an aid in the differential diagnosis, in molecular monitoring of diseases, and in estimation of the potential prognosis. In this report we review the application of the molecular analysis in a group of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). We demonstrate that detection of the cyclin D1 mRNA level is a molecular marker in 98% of patients with MCL. Cyclin D1 quantitative monitoring is specific and sensitive for the differential diagnosis and for the molecular monitoring of the disease in the bone marrow. Moreover, the dynamics of cyclin D1 in bone marrow reflects the disease development and it predicts the clinical course. We employed the molecular analysis for a precise quantitative detection of proliferation markers, Ki-67, topoisomerase IIalpha, and TPX2, that are described as effective prognostic factors. Using the molecular approach it is possible to measure the proliferation rate in a reproducible, standard way which is an essential prerequisite for using the proliferation activity as a routine clinical tool. Comparing with immunophenotyping we may conclude that the quantitative PCR-based analysis is a useful, reliable, rapid, reproducible, sensitive and specific method broadening our diagnostic tools in hematopathology. In comparison to interphase FISH in paraffin sections quantitative PCR is less technically demanding and less time-consuming and furthermore it is more sensitive in detecting small changes in the mRNA level. Moreover, quantitative PCR is the only technology which provides precise and reproducible quantitative information about the expression level. Therefore it may be used to demonstrate the decrease or increase of a tumor-specific marker in bone marrow in comparison with a previously aspirated specimen. Thus, it has a powerful potential to monitor the course of the disease in correlation with clinical data.Ceskoslovenska patologie 07/2011; 47(3):101-5.
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ABSTRACT: Diagnostic approach to non-Hodgkin's lymphomas requires a combination of laboratory methods. Methods used in morphology constitute the basis of the diagnostics; in many instances it is necessary to combine them with methods of molecular genetics. The latter method plays a key role in the detection of B cell clonality using identification of the rearrangement of IGH and/or IGK genes and in detection of the chromosomal translocations specific for some lymphomas. Using PCR we investigated 113 patients with malignant B cell lymphomas of different types (follicular--FL, mantle cell--MCL, small cell--CLL/SLL, diffuse large cell--DLBCL). We established the IGH gene clonal rearrangement in 85% of the cases (96/113), and the clonal rearrangement of the IGK gene in 58.3% patients (42/72). Combination of both approaches (IGH and IGK) revealed a positive result in 90.3% (102/113). The highest yield was rendered in patients with CLL/SLL and with MCL (100%), and it was 86 and 87% in cases with FL and DLBCL. The detection of clonality in lymphomas helps to distinguish a malignant disease from polyclonal hyperplastic and lymphoproliferative disorders of B cells. The recognition of clonal rearrangements of the IGH and IGK genes serves for a long term monitoring of the disease activity in cases in which there are no other molecular markers available. The demonstration of lymphoma characteristic translocations is relatively specific and useful but at present its usefulness is reduced in cases with variable breakpoint regions.Casopís lékar̆ů c̆eských 02/2004; 143(3):191-4.